1 Peter 1

Chapter 1

1:2  Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.


Election, Summary: In both Testaments the Hebrew and Greek words are rendered "elect," "election," "choose," "chosen." In all cases they mean, simply, "chosen," or "to choose"; and are used of both human and divine choices.

(1) In the latter use election is: (a) corporate, as of the nation of Israel, or the church Isaiah 45:4 ; Ephesians 1:4 and (b) individual 1 Peter 1:2

(2) Election is according to the foreknowledge of God 1 Peter 1:2 and wholly of grace, apart from human merit ; Romans 9:11 ; Romans 11:5 Romans 11:6 .

(3) Election proceeds from the divine volition John 15:16 .

Election is, therefore:

(1) The sovereign act of God in grace whereby certain are chosen from among mankind for Himself. John 15:19 .

(2) The sovereign act of God whereby certain elect persons are chosen for distinctive service for Him. Luke 6:13 ; Acts 9:15 ; 1 Corinthians 1:27 1 Corinthians 1:28

1:7  That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:


Suffering, in First Peter, is set in the light of:

(1) assured salvation, 1 Peter 1:2-5 .

(2) the greater glory at Christ's appearing, 1 Peter 1:7 ;

(3) Christ's sufferings and coming glories, 1 Peter 1:11

(4) the believer's association with Him in both, 1 Peter 2:20 1 Peter 2:21 ; 1 Peter 3:17 1 Peter 3:18 1 Peter 4:12 1 Peter 4:13 .

(5) the purifying effect of suffering, 1 Peter 1:7 ; 1 Peter 4:1 1 Peter 4:2 ; 5:10 .

(6) that Christ is now glorified in the believer's patient suffering, 1 Peter 4:16 .

(7) that suffering is disciplinary, 1 Peter 4:17-19 ; 1 Corinthians 11:31 1 Corinthians 11:32 ; Hebrews 12:5-13 .

1:9  Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls.


(See Scofield "Romans 1:16") .

1:10  Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you:


(See Scofield "Romans 1:16") .

1:13  Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ;

for the grace

Grace (in salvation). 1 Peter 5:12 ; Romans 3:24 (See Scofield "John 1:17") .

1:18  Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers;


(See Scofield "Romans 3:24") .

1:20  Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,


The divine order is foreknowledge, election, predestination. That foreknowledge determines the election or choice is clear from 1 Peter 1:2 and predestination is the bringing to pass of the election. "election looks back to foreknowledge; predestination forward to the destiny." But Scripture nowhere declares what it is in the divine foreknowledge which determines the divine election and predestination. The foreknown are elected, and the elect are predestinated, and this election is certain to every believer by the mere fact that he believes 1 Thessalonians 1:4 1 Thessalonians 1:5

See Predestination (See Scofield "Ephesians 1:5") .