Exodus 12

Chapter 12

12:2  This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

first month

i.e. April.

12:11  And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD'S passover.


The Passover, type of Christ our Redeemer Exodus 12:1-28 ; John 1:29 ; 1 Corinthians 5:6 1 Corinthians 5:7 ; 1 Peter 1:18 1 Peter 1:19 .

(1) The lamb must be without blemish, and to test this it was kept up for four days Exodus 12:5 Exodus 12:6 . So our Lord's public life, under hostile scrutiny, was the testing which proved his holiness ; Luke 11:53 Luke 11:54 ; John 8:46 ; 18:38 .

(2) The Lamb thus tested must be slain Exodus 12:6 ; John 12:24 ; Hebrews 9:22 .

(3) The blood must be applied Exodus 12:7 This answers to appropriation by personal faith, and refutes universalism John 3:36 .

(4) The blood thus applied of itself, without anything, constituted a perfect protection from judgment Exodus 12:13 ; 1 John 1:7 ; Hebrews 10:10 Hebrews 10:14 .

(5) The feast typified Christ as the bread of life, answering to the memorial supper. Matthew 26:26-28 ; 1 Corinthians 11:23-26 . To observe the feast was a duty and privilege, but not a condition of safety. As a matter of fact, the bread was not eaten by the Israelites on the night in which, nevertheless, they were preserved from the judgment upon the firstborn. Exodus 12:34-39 .

12:38  And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.


This mixed multitude, standing for unconverted church-members, was a source of weakness and division, then as now Numbers 11:4-6 . (See Scofield "Numbers 11:4") . There had been a manifestation of divine power, and men were drawn to it without change of heart. CF. Luke 14:25-27 .