2 Samuel 16:13

Overview - 2 Samuel 16
Ziba, by presents and false suggestions, obtains his master's inheritance.
At Bahurim Shimei curse David.
David with patience abstains, and restrains others, from revenge.
15 Hushai insinuates himself into Absalom's counsel.
20 Ahithophel's counsel.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

2 Samuel 16:13  (King James Version)
And as David and his men went by the way, Shimei went along on the hill's side over against him, and cursed as he went, and threw stones at him, and cast dust.

2 Samuel 16:5 2 Samuel 16:6

cast dust
Hebrew dusted him with dust.
Acts 23:23
It was an ancient custom, in those warm and arid countries, to lay the dust before a person of distinction, by sprinkling the ground with water
Dr. Pococke and the consul were treated with this respect when they entered Cairo. The same custom is alluded to in the well-known fable of Phdrus, in which a slave is represented going before Augustus and officiously laying the dust. To throw dust in the air while a person was passing was therefore an act of great disrespect; to do so before a sovereign prince, an indecent outrage. But it is probable that Shimei meant more than disrespect and outrage to this afflicted king. Sir John Chardin informs us, that in the East, in general, those who demand justice against a criminal throw dust upon him, signifying that he ought to be put in the grave: and hence the common imprecation among the Turks and Persians, "Be covered with earth," or, "Earth be upon thy head."