Esther 3:2

Overview - Esther 3
Haman, advanced by the king, and despised by Mordecai, seeks revenge upon all the Jews.
He casts lots.
He obtains by calumniation a decree of the king to put the Jews to death.
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Esther 3:2  (King James Version)
And all the king's servants, that were in the king's gate, bowed, and reverenced Haman: for the king had so commanded concerning him. But Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence.

the king's servants
Dr. Shaw, speaking of the cities in the East, says, "If we quit the streets, and enter into any of the principal houses, we shall first pass through a porch, or gate-way, with benches on each side, where the master of the family receives visits, and despatches business; few persons, not even the nearest relations, having admission any farther, except upon extraordinary occasions." These servants were probably officers who here waited the king's call; and it is likely that Mordecai was one of them.
Esther 2:19 Esther 2:21

Genesis 41:43 ; Philippians 2:10

bowed not
{Yichr welo yishtachaweh,} "bowed not down, nor prostrated himself," or worshipped him. Had this meant only civil reverence the king would not have needed to command it; nor would Mordecai have refused it; there was, therefore, some kind of divine honour intended, such as was paid to the Persian kings, and which even the Greeks refused, as express adoration.
Esther 3:1 Esther 3:5 ; Exodus 17:14 Exodus 17:16 ; Deuteronomy 25:19 ; 1 Samuel 15:3 ; Psalms 15:4