Exodus 30:23

Overview - Exodus 30
The altar of incense.
11 The ransom of souls.
17 The brazen laver.
22 The holy anointing oil.
34 The composition of the incense.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Exodus 30:23  (King James Version)
Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred and fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty shekels,

thee principal
37:29 Psalms 45:8 ; Proverbs 7:17 ; Song of Solomon 1:3 Song of Solomon 1:13 ; 4:14 Jeremiah 6:20 ; Ezekiel 27:19 Ezekiel 27:22

pure myrrh
Myrrh is a white gum, issuing from the trunk and larger branches of a thorny tree resembling the acacia, growing in Arabia, Egypt, and Abyssinia. Its taste is extremely bitter; but its smell, though strong, is agreeable; and it entered into the composition of the most costly ointments among the ancients. The epithet {deror,} rendered pure, properly denotes fluid, from the Arabic {darra,} to flow; by which is meant the finest and most excellent kind, called {stacte,} which issues of itself from the bark without incision.

{Kinnamon bosem,} odoriferous or spicy cinnamon, is the bark of the canella, a small tree of the size of a willow growing in the island of Ceylon.

sweet calamus
{Kenaih bosem,} {calamus aromaticus,} or odoriferous cane, is a reed growing in Egypt, Syria, and India, about two feet in height, bearing from the root a knotted stalk, quite round, containing in its cavity a soft white pith. It is said to scent the air while growing; and when cut down, dried, and powdered, makes an ingredient in the richest perfumes.