Exodus 8:16

Overview - Exodus 8
Frogs are sent.
Pharaoh sues to Moses, who by prayer removes them away.
16 The dust is turned into lice, which the magicians could not do.
20 The plague of flies.
25 Pharaoh inclines to let the people go, but yet is hardened.
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Exodus 8:16  (King James Version)
And the LORD said unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch out thy rod, and smite the dust of the land, that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.

Exodus 8:5 Exodus 8:17

The word {kinnim} is rendered by the LXX. [skiphes, skipes,] or [sknphes,] and by the Vulgate {sciniphes,} Gnats; and Mr. Harmer supposes he has found out the true meaning in the word {tarrentes,} a species of worm. Bochart, however, seems to
have proved that lice, and not gnats, are meant; because, 1. they sprang from the dust, and not from the waters; 2. they were on both man and beast, which cannot be said of gnats; 3. their name is derived from {koon,} to make firm, fix,
establish, which cannot agree with gnats, flies, etc., which are ever changing place, and almost constantly on the wing; 4. the term {kinnah} is used by the Talmudists to express the louse. This insect must have been a very dreadful and afflicting plague to the Egyptians, and especially to the priests, who were obliged to shave all their hair off, and to wear a single linen tunic, to prevent vermin harbouring about them.