Judges 12:6

Overview - Judges 12
The Ephraimites, quarrelling with Jephthah, and discerned by Shibboleth, are slain by the Gileadites.
Jephthah dies.
Ibzan, who had thirty sons, and thirty daughters;
11 and Elon;
13 and Abdon, who had forty sons, and thirty nephews, judge Israel.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Judges 12:6  (King James Version)
Then said they unto him, Say now Shibboleth: and he said Sibboleth: for he could not frame to pronounce it right. Then they took him, and slew him at the passages of Jordan: and there fell at that time of the Ephraimites forty and two thousand.

Say now
Matthew 26:73 ; Mark 14:70

which signifieth a stream, or flood.
Psalms 69:2 Psalms 69:15 ; Isaiah 27:12 ; *Heb:
{Shibboleth} also means an ear of corn, ( Job 24:24, ,)and
{sibboleth} signifies a burden, ( Exodus 6:6 ;)and a heavy burden they were obliged to bear who could not pronounce this test letter. It is well known that several nations cannot pronounce certain letters. The sound of th cannot be pronounced by the Persians, no more than by some of our Continental neighbours; though it is a common sound among the Arabians. To this day, many of the German Jews cannot articulate [t] th, for which they substitute ss; thus for {baith,} a house, they say {baiss.}

there fell
Proverbs 17:14 ; 18:19 Ecclesiastes 10:12 ; Matthew 12:25 ; Galatians 5:15

{Arbim ooshenayim aleph,} "forty and two thousand." Here the
[w,] and, may mean simple addition; and this number may denote Judges 12:2 Judges 12:040 ; and not 42,000. At the last census of the Israelites ( Numbers 26:37 )the whole tribe of Ephraim only amounted to Numbers 26:32 Numbers 26:500 ; compared with which this last number appears far too great.