Mark 11:13

Overview - Mark 11
Christ rides with triumph into Jerusalem;
12 curses the fruitless fig-tree;
15 purges the temple;
20 exhorts his disciples to stedfastness of faith, and to forgive their enemies;
27 and defends the lawfulness of his actions by the witness of John, who was a man sent of God.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Mark 11:13  (King James Version)
And seeing a fig tree afar off having leaves, he came, if haply he might find any thing thereon: and when he came to it, he found nothing but leaves; for the time of figs was not yet.

Matthew 21:19 ; Luke 13:6-9

a fig-tree
The fig-tree, [suke ,] is a genus of the polygamia triaecia class of plants, seldom rising above twelve feet, but sending off from the bottom many spreading branches. The leaves are of a dark green colour, nearly a span long, smooth, and irregularly divided into from three to five deep rounded lobes; and the fruit grows on short and thick stalks, of a purplish colour, and contains a soft, sweet, and fragrant pulp, intermixed with numerous small seeds.

Ruth 2:3 ; 1 Samuel 6:9 ; Luke 10:31 ; Luke 12:6 Luke 12:7

he found
Isaiah 5:7

Dr. Campbell observes, that the declaration, "for the time of [ripe, Ed.] figs was not yet," is not the reason why our Lord
did not find any fruit on the tree, because the fig is of that class of vegetables in which the fruit is formed in its immature state before the leaves are seen. But as the fruit is of a pulpy nature, the broad, thick leaves come out in profusion to protect it from the rays of the sun during the time it is ripening If the words, "for the time," etc. however, are read as a parenthesis, they then become a reason why Jesus Christ should look for fruit, because the season for gathering not having fully come, it would remove all suspicion that the fruit had been gathered: while the presence of the leaves incontestably proved the advance of the tree to the state in which fruit is found.