Matthew 22:21

Overview - Matthew 22
The parable of the marriage of the king's son.
The vocation of the Gentiles.
12 The punishment of him that wanted the wedding garment.
15 Tribute ought to be paid to Caesar.
23 Christ confutes the Sadducees for the resurrection;
34 answers the lawyer, which is the first and great commandment;
41 and puzzles the Pharisees by a question about the Messias.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Matthew 22:21  (King James Version)
They say unto him, Caesar's. Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's; and unto God the things that are God's.

17:25-27 Proverbs 24:21 ; Luke 23:2 ; Romans 13:7

are Caesar's
This conclusion is drawn from their own maxims and premises. They held that "wherever the money of any king is current, there the inhabitants acknowledge that king for their lord." Now, by admitting that this was Csar's coin, and by consenting to receive it as the current coin of their country, they in fact acknowledged their subjection to his government, and of course their obligation to pay the tribute demanded of them. This answer was full of consummate wisdom, and it completely defeated the insidious designs of his enemies. He avoided rendering himself odious to the Jewish people by opposing their notions of liberty, or appearing to pay court to the emperor, without exposing himself to the charge of sedition and disaffection to the Roman government.

37 ; 4:10 Daniel 3:16-18 ; Daniel 6:10 Daniel 6:11 Daniel 6:20-23 Malachi 1:6-8 ; 3:8-10 Acts 4:19 ; 5:29
1 Peter 2:13-17