Exodus 1:13

13 They worked the Israelites ruthlessly

Exodus 1:13 Meaning and Commentary

Exodus 1:13

And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve
with rigour.
Or with breach F3, with what might tend to break their strength; they laid heavier burdens upon them, obliged them to harder service, used them more cruelly and with greater fierceness, adding to their hard service ill words, and perhaps blows.


F3 (Krpb) "in fractione", Cajetan. apud Rivet.

Exodus 1:13 In-Context

11 So the Egyptians assigned taskmasters over the Israelites to oppress them with forced labor. They built Pithom and Rameses as supply cities for Pharaoh.
12 But the more they oppressed them, the more they multiplied and spread so that the Egyptians came to dread the Israelites.
13 They worked the Israelites ruthlessly
14 and made their lives bitter with difficult labor in brick and mortar, and in all kinds of fieldwork. They ruthlessly imposed all this work on them.
15 Then the king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives, one of whom was named Shiphrah and the other Puah,
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