Psalms 18

Praise for Deliverance

1

For the choir director. Of the servant of the Lord, David, who spoke the words of this song to the Lord on the day the Lord rescued him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul. He said:

1 I love You, Lord, my strength.
2 The Lord is my rock, my fortress, and my deliverer, my God, my mountain where I seek refuge, my shield and the horn of my salvation,[a] my stronghold.
3 I called to the Lord, who is worthy of praise, and I was saved from my enemies.
4 The ropes of death were wrapped around me; the torrents of destruction terrified me.
5 The ropes of Sheol entangled me; the snares of death confronted me.
6 I called to the Lord in my distress, and I cried to my God for help. From His temple He heard my voice, and my cry to Him reached His ears.
7 Then the earth shook and quaked; the foundations of the mountains trembled; they shook because He burned with anger.
8 Smoke rose from His nostrils, and consuming fire [came] from His mouth; coals were set ablaze by it.[b]
9 He parted the heavens and came down, a dark cloud beneath His feet.
10 He rode on a cherub and flew, soaring on the wings of the wind.
11 He made darkness His hiding place, dark storm clouds His canopy around Him.
12 From the radiance of His presence, His clouds swept onward with hail and blazing coals.
13 The Lord thundered from[c] heaven; the Most High projected His voice.[d]
14 He shot His arrows and scattered them; He hurled[e] lightning bolts and routed them.
15 The depths of the sea became visible, the foundations of the world were exposed, at Your rebuke, Lord, at the blast of the breath of Your nostrils.
16 He reached down from on high and took hold of me; He pulled me out of deep waters.
17 He rescued me from my powerful enemy and from those who hated me, for they were too strong for me.
18 They confronted me in the day of my distress, but the Lord was my support.
19 He brought me out to a wide-open place; He rescued me because He delighted in me.
20 The Lord rewarded me according to my righteousness; He repaid me according to the cleanness of my hands.
21 For I have kept the ways of the Lord and have not turned from my God to wickedness.
22 Indeed, I have kept all His ordinances in mind[f] and have not disregarded His statutes.
23 I was blameless toward Him and kept myself from sinning.
24 So the Lord repaid me according to my righteousness, according to the cleanness of my hands in His sight.
25 With the faithful You prove Yourself faithful; with the blameless man You prove Yourself blameless;
26 with the pure You prove Yourself pure, but with the crooked You prove Yourself shrewd.
27 For You rescue an afflicted people, but You humble those with haughty eyes.
28 Lord, You light my lamp; my God illuminates my darkness.
29 With You I can attack a barrier,[g] and with my God I can leap over a wall.
30 God-His way is perfect; the word of the Lord is pure. He is a shield to all who take refuge in Him.
31 For who is God besides the Lord? And who is a rock? Only our God.
32 God-He clothes me with strength and makes my way perfect.
33 He makes my feet like the feet of a deer and sets me securely on the heights.[h]
34 He trains my hands for war; my arms can bend a bow of bronze.
35 You have given me the shield of Your salvation; Your right hand upholds me, and Your humility exalts me.
36 You widen [a place] beneath me for my steps, and my ankles do not give way.
37 I pursue my enemies and overtake them; I do not turn back until they are wiped out.
38 I crush them, and they cannot get up; they fall beneath my feet.
39 You have clothed me with strength for battle; You subdue my adversaries beneath me.
40 You have made my enemies retreat before me;[i] I annihilate those who hate me.
41 They cry for help, but there is no one to save [them]- [they cry]to the Lord, but He does not answer them.
42 I pulverize them like dust before the wind; I trample them[j] like mud in the streets.
43 You have freed me from the feuds among the people; You have appointed me the head of nations; a people I had not known serve me.
44 Foreigners submit to me grudgingly; as soon as they hear, they obey me.
45 Foreigners lose heart and come trembling from their fortifications.
46 The Lord lives-may my rock be praised! The God of my salvation is exalted.
47 God-He gives me vengeance and subdues peoples under me.
48 He frees me from my enemies. You exalt me above my adversaries; You rescue me from violent men.
49 Therefore I will praise You, Lord, among the nations; I will sing about Your name.
50 He gives great victories to His king; He shows loyalty to His anointed, to David and his descendants forever.

Images for Psalms 18

Psalms 18 Commentary

Chapter 18

David rejoices in the deliverances God wrought for him. (1-19) He takes the comfort of his integrity, which God had cleared up. (20-28) He gives to God the glory of all his mighty deeds. (29-50)

Verses 1-19 The first words, "I will love thee, O Lord, my strength," are the scope and contents of the psalm. Those that truly love God, may triumph in him as their Rock and Refuge, and may with confidence call upon him. It is good for us to observe all the circumstances of a mercy which magnify the power of God and his goodness to us in it. David was a praying man, and God was found a prayer-hearing God. If we pray as he did, we shall speed as he did. God's manifestation of his presence is very fully described, ver. ( 7-15 ) . Little appeared of man, but much of God, in these deliverances. It is not possible to apply to the history of the son of Jesse those awful, majestic, and stupendous words which are used through this description of the Divine manifestation. Every part of so solemn a scene of terrors tells us, a greater than David is here. God will not only deliver his people out of their troubles in due time, but he will bear them up under their troubles in the mean time. Can we meditate on ver. 18, without directing one thought to Gethsemane and Calvary? Can we forget that it was in the hour of Christ's deepest calamity, when Judas betrayed, when his friends forsook, when the multitude derided him, and the smiles of his Father's love were withheld, that the powers of darkness prevented him? The sorrows of death surrounded him, in his distress he prayed, ( Hebrews 5:7 ) . God made the earth to shake and tremble, and the rocks to cleave, and brought him out, in his resurrection, because he delighted in him and in his undertaking.

Verses 20-28 Those that forsake the ways of the Lord, depart from their God. But though conscious to ourselves of many a false step, let there not be a wicked departure from our God. David kept his eye upon the rule of God's commands. Constant care to keep from that sin, whatever it be, which most easily besets us, proves that we are upright before God. Those who show mercy to others, even they need mercy. Those who are faithful to God, shall find him all that to them which he has promised to be. The words of the Lord are pure words, very sure to be depended on, and very sweet to be delighted in. Those who resist God, and walk contrary to him, shall find that he will walk contrary to them, ( Leviticus 26:21-24 ) . The gracious recompence of which David spoke, may generally be expected by those who act from right motives. Hence he speaks comfort to the humble, and terror to the proud; "Thou wilt bring down high looks." And he speaks encouragement to himself; "Thou wilt light my candle:" thou wilt revive and comfort my sorrowful spirit; thou wilt guide my way, that I may avoid the snares laid for me. Thou wilt light my candle to work by, and give me an opportunity of serving thee. Let those that walk in darkness, and labour under discouragements, take courage; God himself will be a Light to them.

Verses 29-50 When we praise for one mercy, we must observe the many more, with which we have been compassed all our days. Many things had contributed to David's advancement, and he owns the hand of God in them all, to teach us to do likewise. In verse Verse 32 , and the following verses, are the gifts of God to the spiritual warrior, whereby he is prepared for the contest, after the example of his victorious Leader. Learn that we must seek release being made through Christ, shall be rejected. In David the type, we behold out of trouble through Christ. The prayer put up, without reconciliation Jesus our Redeemer, conflicting with enemies, compassed with sorrows and with floods of ungodly men, enduring not only the pains of death, but the wrath of God for us; yet calling upon the Father with strong cries and tears; rescued from the grave; proceeding to reconcile, or to put under his feet all other enemies, till death, the last enemy, shall be destroyed. We should love the Lord, our Strength, and our Salvation; we should call on him in every trouble, and praise him for every deliverance; we should aim to walk with him in all righteousness and true holiness, keeping from sin. If we belong to him, he conquers and reigns for us, and we shall conquer and reign through him, and partake of the mercy of our anointed King, which is promised to all his seed for evermore. Amen.

Footnotes 11

  • [a]. 1 Sm 2:1,10; Lk 1:69
  • [b]. Or ablaze from Him
  • [c]. Some Hb mss, LXX, Tg, Jer; other Hb mss read in
  • [d]. Other Hb mss read voice, with hail and fiery coals
  • [e]. Or multiplied
  • [f]. Lit Indeed, all His ordinances have been in front of me
  • [g]. Or ridge
  • [h]. Or on my high places
  • [i]. Or You gave me the necks of my enemies
  • [j]. Some Hb mss, LXX, Syr, Tg; other Hb mss read I poured them out
  • [k]. Lit At the hearing of the ear

Chapter Summary

Psalms 18 Commentaries

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