Psalms 72:10

10 May the kings of Tarshish and the coasts and islands bring tribute,[a] the kings of Sheba and Seba offer gifts.[b]

Psalms 72:10 Meaning and Commentary

Psalms 72:10

The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents,
&c.] Tarshish either signifies the sea, as it is sometimes rendered in the Targum; and then the sense is, the kings of the sea, that is, of the islands of the sea, as it follows, shall be subject to the kingdom of Christ; and, as a token of it, bring presents to him, as the Moabites and Syrians did to David, and as several nations and kings did to Solomon, ( 2 Samuel 8:2 ) ( 1 Kings 4:21 ) ; or it designs a large country inhabited by the Celtae F2, and so is distinct from the islands; and then the sense is, that kings, both of the continent, and of the islands of the sea, shall do homage to the Messiah;

and the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts;
the Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, Ethiopic, and Arabic versions, render it, "the kings of the Arabians and Saba"; and so Apollinarius, the Arabians, and Sabeans, these being places in Arabia Felix and Petraea F3: this will be fulfilled when the kings of the earth shall bring their honour and glory into the New Jerusalem, ( Revelation 21:24 ) . This, and the preceding verse, are interpreted of the Messiah by the ancient Jews F4; who say F5, that all the gifts that Jacob their father gave to Esau, the nations of the world shall return them to the King Messiah in time to come, according to the sense of these words; where it is not written "they shall bring"; but (whyvy) F6, "they shall return [presents]".


F2 Hiller. Onomast. p. 944.
F3 Hiller. ibid. p. 165, 920.
F4 Zohar in Gen. fol. 71. 1.
F5 Bereshit Rabba, s. 78. fol. 69. 1. Bemidbar Rabba, s. 13. fol. 210.
F6 "Redire facient, vel reddant", Muis.

Psalms 72:10 In-Context

8 And may he rule from sea to sea and from the Euphrates to the ends of the earth.
9 May desert tribes kneel before him and his enemies lick the dust.
10 May the kings of Tarshish and the coasts and islands bring tribute, the kings of Sheba and Seba offer gifts.
11 And let all kings bow down to him, all nations serve him.
12 For he will rescue the poor who cry out and the afflicted who have no helper.

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. 1 Kg 10:22; Isa 60:9; Ezk 27:15
  • [b]. 1 Kg 10:1-10; Isa 60:6
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