a word employed in the English Bible in two senses:
- Generally, to distinguish those of the fighting men who went on foot from those who were on horseback or in chariots;
- In a more special sense, in ( 1 Samuel 22:17 ) only, and as the translation of a different term from the above --a body of swift runners in attendance on the king. This body appears to have been afterwards kept up, and to have been distinct from the body-guard --the six hundred and thirty-- who were originated by David. See ( 1 Kings 14:27 1 Kings 14:28 ; 2 Kings 11:4 2 Kings 11:6 2 Kings 11:11 2 Kings 11:13 2 Kings 11:19 ; 2 Chronicles 12:10 2 Chronicles 12:11 ) In each of these cases the word is the same as the above, and is rendered "guard," with "runners" in the margin in two instances - ( 1 Kings 14:27 ; 2 Kings 11:13 )
[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
Bibliography InformationSmith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Footman,'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.