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Joab [N] [E] [H]

(whose father is Jehovah ), the most remarkable of the three nephews of David, the children of Zeruiah, Davids sister. (B.C. 1053-1012.) Joab first appears after Davids accession to the throne at Hebron. Abner slew in battle Asahel, the youngest brother of Joab; and when David afterward received Abner into favor, Joab treacherously murdered him. [ABNER] There was now no rival left in the way of Joabs advancement, and at the siege of Jebus he was appointed for his prowess commander-in-chief --"captain of the host." In the wide range of wars which David undertook, Joab was the acting general. He was called by the almost regal title of "lord," ( 2 Samuel 11:11 ) "the prince of the kings army." ( 1 Chronicles 27:34 ) In the entangled relations which grew up in Davids domestic life he bore an important part, successfully reinstating Absalom in Davids favor after the murder of Amnon. ( 2 Samuel 14:1-20 ) When the relations between father and son were reversed by the revolt of Absalom, Joab remained true to the king, taking the rebel princes dangerous life in spite of Davids injunction to spare him, and when no one else had courage to act so decisive a part. ( 2 Samuel 18:2 2 Samuel 18:11-15 ) (B.C. 1023). The king transferred the command to Amasa, which so enraged Joab that he adroitly assassinated Amasa when pretending to welcome him as a friend. ( 2 Samuel 20:10 ) Friendly relations between himself and David seem to have existed afterward, ( 2 Samuel 24:2 ) but at the close of his long life, his loyalty, so long unshaken, at last wavered. "Though he had not turned after Absalom, he turned after Adonijah." ( 1 Kings 2:28 ) This probably filled up the measure of the kings long-cherished resentment. The revival of the pretensions of Adonijah after Davids death was sufficient to awaken the suspicions of Solomon. Joab fled to the shelter of the altar at Gibeon, and was here slain by Benaiah. (B.C. about 1012.)

  1. One of Kenazs descendants. ( 1 Chronicles 4:14 )
  2. ( Ezra 2:6 ; 8:9 ; Nehemiah 7:11 )

[N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
[E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary
[H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names

Bibliography Information

Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Joab'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

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