(from Judah), a territorial division which succeeded to the overthrow of the ancient landmarks of the tribes of Israel and Judah in their respective captivities. The word first occurs ( Daniel 5:13 ) Authorized Version "Jewry," and the first mention of the "province of Judea" is in the book of Ezra, ( Ezra 5:8 ) It is alluded to in ( Nehemiah 11:3 ) (Authorized Version "Judah"). In the apocryphal books the word "province" is dropped, and throughout them and the New Testament the expressions are "the land of Judea," "Judea." In a wide and more improper sense, the term Judea was sometimes extended to the whole country of the Canaanites, its ancient inhabitants; and even in the Gospels we read of the coasts of Judea "beyond Jordan." ( Matthew 19:1 ; Mark 10:1 ) Judea was, in strict language, the name of the third district, west of the Jordan and south of Samaria. It was made a portion of the Roman province of Syria upon the deposition of Archelaus, the ethnarch of Judea, in A.D. 6, and was governed by a procurator, who was subject to the governor of Syria.
Bibliography InformationSmith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Judaea, or Judea'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary".