Beth-shemesh [N] [H]

house of the sun.

  • A sacerdotal city in the tribe of Dan ( Joshua 21:16 ; 1 Samuel 6:15 ), on the north border of Judah ( Joshua 15:10 ). It was the scene of an encounter between Jehoash, king of Israel, and Amaziah, king of Judah, in which the latter was made prisoner ( 2 Kings 14:11 2 Kings 14:13 ). It was afterwards taken by the Philistines ( 2 Chronicles 28:18 ). It is the modern ruined Arabic village 'Ain-shems, on the north-west slopes of the mountains of Judah, 14 miles west of Jerusalem.

  • A city between Dothan and the Jordan, near the southern border of Issachar ( Joshua 19:22 ), 7 1/2 miles south of Beth-shean. It is the modern Ain-esh-Shemsiyeh.

  • One of the fenced cities of Naphtali ( Joshua 19:38 ), between Mount Tabor and the Jordan. Now Khurbet Shema, 3 miles west of Safed. But perhaps the same as No. 2.

  • An idol sanctuary in Egypt ( Jeremiah 43:13 ); called by the Greeks Heliopolis, and by the Egyptians On (q.v.), Genesis 41:45 .

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [H] indicates this entry was also found in Hitchcock's Bible Names

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Beth-shemesh". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • Beth-shemesh [N] [E]

    house of the sun
    Hitchcock's Dictionary of Bible Names. Public Domain. Copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Hitchcock, Roswell D. "Entry for 'Beth-shemesh'". "An Interpreting Dictionary of Scripture Proper Names". . New York, N.Y., 1869.


    (house of the sun ).

    1. One of the towns which marked the north boundary of Judah. ( Joshua 15:10 ) It is now Ainshems , about two miles from the great Philistine plain, and seven from Ekron.
    2. A city on the border of Issachar. ( Joshua 19:22 )
    3. One of the "fenced cities" of Naphtali. ( Joshua 19:38 ; Judges 1:33 )
    4. An idolatrous temple, or place in Egypt. ( Jeremiah 43:13 ) In the middle ages Heliopolis was still called by the Arabs Ain Shems .

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Bethshemesh'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.

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