Genesis 9

1 Und Gott segnete Noah und seine Söhne und sprach zu ihnen: Seid fruchtbar und mehret euch und füllet die Erde;
2 und die Furcht und der Schrecken vor euch sei auf allem Getier der Erde und auf allem Gevögel des Himmels! Alles, was sich auf dem Erdboden regt, und alle Fische des Meeres, in eure Hände sind sie gegeben:
3 alles, was sich regt, was da lebt, soll euch zur Speise sein; wie das grüne Kraut gebe ich es euch alles.
4 Nur das Fleisch mit seiner Seele, seinem Blute, sollt ihr nicht essen;
5 und wahrlich, euer Blut, nach euren Seelen, werde ich fordern; von jedem Tiere werde ich es fordern, und von der Hand des Menschen, von der Hand eines jeden, seines Bruders, werde ich die Seele des Menschen fordern.
6 Wer Menschenblut vergießt, durch den Menschen soll sein Blut vergossen werden; denn im Bilde Gottes hat er den Menschen gemacht.
7 Ihr nun, seid fruchtbar und mehret euch, wimmelt auf der Erde und mehret euch auf ihr!
8 Und Gott sprach zu Noah und zu seinen Söhnen mit ihm und sagte:
9 Und ich, siehe, ich errichte meinen Bund mit euch und mit eurem Samen nach euch;
10 und mit jedem lebendigen Wesen, das bei euch ist, an Gevögel, an Vieh und an allem Getier der Erde bei euch, was irgend von allem Getier der Erde aus der Arche gegangen ist.
11 Und ich errichte meinen Bund mit euch; und nicht mehr soll alles Fleisch ausgerottet werden durch die Wasser der Flut, und keine Flut soll mehr sein, die Erde zu verderben.
12 Und Gott sprach: Dies ist das Zeichen des Bundes, den ich stifte zwischen mir und euch und jeder lebendigen Seele, die bei euch ist, auf ewige Geschlechter hin:
13 Meinen Bogen setze ich in die Wolken, und er soll das Zeichen des Bundes sein zwischen mir und der Erde.
14 Und es wird geschehen, wenn ich Wolken über die Erde führe, so soll der Bogen in den Wolken erscheinen,
15 und ich werde meines Bundes gedenken, der zwischen mir und euch ist und jedem lebendigen Wesen, von allem Fleische; und nicht mehr sollen die Wasser zu einer Flut werden, alles Fleisch zu verderben.
16 Und der Bogen wird in den Wolken sein; und ich werde ihn ansehen, um zu gedenken des ewigen Bundes zwischen Gott und jedem lebendigen Wesen von allem Fleische, das auf Erden ist.
17 Und Gott sprach zu Noah: Das ist das Zeichen des Bundes, den ich errichtet habe zwischen mir und allem Fleische, das auf Erden ist.
18 Und die Söhne Noahs, die aus der Arche gingen, waren Sem und Ham und Japhet; und Ham ist der Vater Kanaans.
19 Diese drei sind die Söhne Noahs und von diesen aus ist die ganze Erde bevölkert worden.
20 Und Noah fing an ein Ackersmann zu werden und pflanzte einen Weinberg.
21 Und er trank von dem Weine und ward trunken, und er entblößte sich in seinem Zelte.
22 Und Ham, der Vater Kanaans, sah die Blöße seines Vaters und berichtete es seinen beiden Brüdern draußen.
23 Da nahmen Sem und Japhet das Obergewand und legten es beide auf ihre Schultern und gingen rücklings und bedeckten die Blöße ihres Vaters; und ihre Angesichter waren abgewandt, und sie sahen die Blöße ihres Vaters nicht.
24 Und Noah erwachte von seinem Weine und erfuhr, was sein jüngster Sohn ihm getan hatte.
25 Und er sprach: Verflucht sei Kanaan! Ein Knecht der Knechte sei er seinen Brüdern!
26 Und er sprach: Gepriesen sei Jehova, der Gott Sems; und Kanaan sei sein Knecht!
27 Weit mache es Gott dem Japhet, und er wohne in den Zelten Sems; und Kanaan sei sein Knecht!
28 Und Noah lebte nach der Flut dreihundertfünfzig Jahre;
29 und alle Tage Noahs waren neunhundertfünfzig Jahre, und er starb.

Genesis 9 Commentary

Chapter 9

God blesses Noah, and grants flesh for food. (1-3) Blood, and murder forbidden. (4-7) God's covenant by the rainbow. (8-17) Noah plants a vineyard, is drunken and mocked by Ham. (18-23) Noah curses Canaan, blesses Shem, prays for Japheth, His death. (24-29)

Verses 1-3 The blessing of God is the cause of our doing well. On him we depend, to him we should be thankful. Let us not forget the advantage and pleasure we have from the labour of beasts, and which their flesh affords. Nor ought we to be less thankful for the security we enjoy from the savage and hurtful beasts, through the fear of man which God has fixed deep in them. We see the fulfilment of this promise every day, and on every side. This grant of the animals for food fully warrants the use of them, but not the abuse of them by gluttony, still less by cruelty. We ought not to pain them needlessly whilst they live, nor when we take away their lives.

Verses 4-7 The main reason of forbidding the eating of blood, doubtless was because the shedding of blood in sacrifices was to keep the worshippers in mind of the great atonement; yet it seems intended also to check cruelty, lest men, being used to shed and feed upon the blood of animals, should grow unfeeling to them, and be less shocked at the idea of shedding human blood. Man must not take away his own life. Our lives are God's, and we must only give them up when he pleases. If we in any way hasten our own death, we are accountable to God for it. When God requires the life of a man from him that took it away unjustly, the murderer cannot render that, and therefore must render his own instead. One time or other, in this world or in the next, God will discover murders, and punish those murders which are beyond man's power to punish. But there are those who are ministers of God to protect the innocent, by being a terror to evil-doers, and they must not bear the sword in vain, ( Romans 13:4 ) . Wilful murder ought always to be punished with death. To this law there is a reason added. Such remains of God's image are still upon fallen man, that he who unjustly kills a man, defaces the image of God, and does dishonour to him.

Verses 8-17 As the old world was ruined, to be a monument of justice, so this world remains to this day a monument of mercy. But sin, that drowned the old world, will burn this. Articles of agreement among men are sealed, that what is promised may be the more solemn, and the doing of what is covenanted the more sure to mutual satisfaction. The seal of this covenant was the rainbow, which, it is likely, was seen in the clouds before, but was never a seal of the covenant till now it was made so. The rainbow appears when we have most reason to fear the rain prevailing; God then shows this seal of the promise, that it shall not prevail. The thicker the cloud, the brighter the bow in the cloud. Thus, as threatening afflictions abound, encouraging consolations much more abound. The rainbow is the reflection of the beams of the sun shining upon or through the drops of rain: all the glory of the seals of the covenant are derived from Christ, the Sun of righteousness. And he will shed a glory on the tears of his saints. A bow speaks terror, but this has neither string nor arrow; and a bow alone will do little hurt. It is a bow, but it is directed upward, not toward the earth; for the seals of the covenant were intended to comfort, not to terrify. As God looks upon the bow, that he may remember the covenant, so should we, that we may be mindful of the covenant with faith and thankfulness. Without revelation this gracious assurance could not be known; and without faith it can be of no use to us; and thus it is as to the still greater dangers to which all are exposed, and as to the new covenant with its blessings.

Verses 18-23 The drunkenness of Noah is recorded in the Bible, with that fairness which is found only in the Scripture, as a case and proof of human weakness and imperfection, even though he may have been surprised into the sin; and to show that the best of men cannot stand upright, unless they depend upon Divine grace, and are upheld thereby. Ham appears to have been a bad man, and probably rejoiced to find his father in an unbecoming situation. It was said of Noah, that he was perfect in his generations, ch. 6:9 ; but this is meant of sincerity, not of a sinless perfection. Noah, who had kept sober in drunken company, is now drunk in sober company. Let him that thinks he stands, take heed lest he fall. We have need to be very careful when we use God's good creatures plentifully, lest we use them to excess, Lu. 21:34 . The consequence of Noah's sin was shame. Observe here the great evil of the sin of drunkenness. It discovers men; what infirmities they have, they betray when they are drunk; and secrets are then easily got out of them. Drunken porters keep open gates. It disgraces men, and exposes them to contempt. As it shows them, so it shames them. Men say and do that when drunken, which, when sober, they would blush to think of. Notice the care of Shem and Japheth to cover their father's shame. There is a mantle of love to be thrown over the faults of all, ( 1 Peter. 4:8 ) thrown over the faults of parents and other superiors. The blessing of God attends on those who honour their parents, and his curse lights especially on those who dishonour them.

Verses 24-29 Noah declares a curse on Canaan, the son of Ham; perhaps this grandson of his was more guilty than the rest. A servant of servants, that is, The meanest and most despicable servant, shall he be, even to his brethren. This certainly points at the victories in after-times obtained by Israel over the Canaanites, by which they were put to the sword, or brought to pay tribute. The whole continent of Africa was peopled mostly by the descendants of Ham; and for how many ages have the better parts of that country lain under the dominion of the Romans, then of the Saracens, and now of the Turks! In what wickedness, ignorance, barbarity, slavery, and misery most of the inhabitants live! And of the poor negroes, how many every year are sold and bought, like beasts in the market, and conveyed from one quarter of the world to do the work of beasts in another! But this in no way excuses the covetousness and barbarity of those who enrich themselves with the product of their sweat and blood. God has not commanded us to enslave negroes; and, without doubt, he will severely punish all such cruel wrongs. The fulfilment of this prophecy, which contains almost a history of the world, frees Noah from the suspicion of having uttered it from personal anger. It fully proves that the Holy Spirit took occasion from Ham's offence to reveal his secret purposes. "Blessed be the Lord God of Shem." The church should be built up and continued in the posterity of Shem; of him came the Jews, who were, for a great while, the only professing people God had in the world. Christ, who was the Lord God, in his human nature should descend from Shem; for of him, as concerning the flesh, Christ came. Noah also blesses Japheth, and, in him, the isles of the gentiles that were peopled by his seed. It speaks of the conversion of the gentiles, and the bringing of them into the church. We may read it, "God shall persuade Japheth, and being persuaded, he shall dwell in the tents of Shem." Jews and gentiles shall be united together in the gospel fold; both shall be one in Christ. Noah lived to see two worlds; but being an heir of the righteousness which is by faith, he now rests in hope, waiting to see a better than either.

Chapter Summary


In this chapter we have an account of God's blessing Noah and his sons, being just come out of the ark, with a renewal of the blessing of propagating their species, and replenishing the earth, the dominion over the creatures, and a freedom from the fear of them; with liberty to eat flesh, only it must not be eaten with blood; with a providential care and preservation of their lives from men and beasts, by making a law that that man or beast should die that shed man's blood, Ge 9:1-6 and after repeating the blessing of procreation, Ge 9:7 mention is made of a covenant God made with Noah, his sons, and all the creatures, that he would drown the world no more, the token of which should be the rainbow in the cloud, Ge 9:8-17 the names of the sons of Noah are observed, by whom the earth was repeopled, Ge 9:18,19 and seem to be observed for the sake of an event after recorded; Noah having planted a vineyard, and drank too freely of the wine of it, lay down uncovered in his tent, which Ham seeing, told his two brothers of it, who in a very modest manner covered him, Ge 9:20-23 of all which Noah being sensible when he awoke, cursed Canaan the son of Ham, and blessed Shem and Japheth, Ge 9:24-27 and the chapter is concluded with the age and death of Noah, Ge 9:28,29.

Genesis 9 Commentaries

The Elberfelder Bible is in the public domain.