kap'-tiv (shebhi, galah; aichmalotos and its derivatives):

The frequent references in the Old Testament to captives as men forcibly deported (from the Hebrew root shabhah) or inhabiting a land foreign to them (from Hebrew galah) reflect the universal practice of the ancient world. The treatment of captives was sometimes barbarous (2 Samuel 8:2) but not always so (2 Kings 6:21,22).

See further under ASSIR and WAR.


Except in Job 42:10 the figurative use of the idea is confined to the New Testament, where reference is made to the triumphal reign of the Lord Jesus (Luke 4:18; Ephesians 4:8), or, on the other hand, to the power of the devil (2 Timothy 2:26), or of false teachers (2 Timothy 3:6); compare also Romans 7:23; 2 Corinthians 10:5.


F. K. Farr

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'CAPTIVE'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.