There are seven Bible references to the diadem, four in the Old Testament and three in the New Testament. The Hebrew words do not mark any clear distinctions.

(1) tsaniph, tsanoph, tsaniphah (all from tsanaph, primarily "to wrap," "dress," "roll") mean a headdress in the nature of a turban or piece of cloth wrapped or twisted about the head. The word is also rendered "hood," "mitre." Job 29:14:

"My justice was as a robe and a diadem" (RVm, "turban"); Isaiah 62:3: "a royal diadem in the hand of thy God."

(2) tsephirah, means "a crown," "diadem," i.e. something round about the head; Isaiah 28:5 "a diadem of beauty, unto the residue of his people."

(3) mitsnepheth, means an official turban or tiara of priest or king, translated also "mitre." Ezekiel 21:26:

"Remove the mitre, and take off the crown."

(4) diadema, the Greek word in the New Testament for "diadem," means "something bound about the head." Found 3 t, all in Revelation 12:3:

"a great red dragon .... and upon his heads seven diadems" (the King James Version "crowns"); Revelation 13:1: "a beast .... and on his horns ten diadems"; 19:11,12: "a white horse .... and upon his head are many diadems." See CROWN.

William Edward Raffety

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'DIADEM'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.