ek'-se-lent 'addir, yattir (Aramaic); diaphoroteros, kratistos:

The translation of various Hebrew words, chiefly of 'addir, "great," "honorable" (Psalms 8:1,9; 16:3; 76:4); yattir, "surpassing," is Aramaic, occurring in Daniel 2:31; 4:36; 5:12,14; 6:3. Other words are bachar, "to glow," "try," "choose" (Song of Solomon 5:15); ga'on, "mounting," "swelling" (Isaiah 4:2; see EXCELLENCY); gadhal, "to make or become great" (Isaiah 28:29), and other words occurring singly.

In the New Testament we have diaphoroteros, "greater," "better" (Hebrews 1:4; 8:6); kratistos, "most excellent," "most noble" (Luke 1:3; Acts 23:26); ta diapheronta, "things that differ," "are preeminent" (Romans 2:18; Philippians 1:10); megaloprepes, "becoming to the great" (2 Peter 1:17, the King James Version "a voice to him from the excellent glory," the American Standard Revised Version and the English Revised Version, margin "the Majestic Glory"); kath' huperbolen "very surpassing" (1 Corinthians 12:31, "Yet I show unto you a more excellent way," the Revised Version (British and American) "most excellent"); pleion, "greater," "fuller" (Hebrews 11:4; see ABEL).

W. L. Walker

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'EXCELLENT'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.