shib'-o-leth (shibboleth):

A test of speech applied by the men of Gilead to the Ephraimites, who wished to cross the Jordan, after defeat. If they pronounced the word cibboleth, their dialectic variety of speech betrayed them. (Judges 12:6). The word probably has the sense of stream or "flood" (compare Psalms 69:2).

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'SHIBBOLETH'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.