(1) choph, always of the Mediterranean, variously translated "haven," "beach," "shore," "sea-shore," "coast," "sea coast" (Genesis 49:13; Deuteronomy 1:7; Joshua 9:1; Judges 5:17; Jeremiah 47:7; Ezekiel 25:16).

(2) saphah, literally, "lip"; compare Arabic shafat, "lip"; of the sand upon the seashore, a figure of multitude (Genesis 22:17; Exodus 14:30; Joshua 11:4; Judges 7:12; 1 Samuel 13:5; 1 Kings 4:29); the shore of the Red Sea or Gulf of `Aqabah by Ezion-geber (1 Kings 9:26; 2 Chronicles 8:17); the brink of the River Nile (Genesis 41:3,17); the edge (the King James Version "brink") of the valley of Arnon (Deuteronomy 2:36).

(3) qatseh, literally, "end," "extremity," the uttermost part (the King James Version "shore") of the Salt Sea (Joshua 15:2); qetsh ha-'arets, "the end of the earth" (Psalms 46:9); compare Arabic 'aqaci-l-'ard, "the uttermost parts of the earth."

(4) cheilos, literally, "lip," "as the sand which is by the seashore" (Hebrews 11:12).

(5) aigialos, the beach (the King James Version "shore") of the Sea of Galilee (Matthew 13:2,48; John 21:4); of the Mediterranean (Acts 21:5; 27:39,40).

(6) asson parelegonto ten Kreten, doubtful reading, "sailed along Crete, close in shore" (the King James Version "sailed along by Crete") (Acts 27:13).


Alfred Ely Day

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'SHORE'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.