1 Chronicles 28

Listen to 1 Chronicles 28

David's Charge to Israel

1 1David assembled at Jerusalem all the officials of Israel, the 2officials of the tribes, the officers of the divisions that served the king, the 3commanders of thousands, the commanders of hundreds, the 4stewards of all the property and livestock of the king and his sons, together with the palace officials, the 5mighty men and all the seasoned warriors.
2 Then King David rose to his feet and said: "Hear me, my brothers and my people. 6I had it in my heart to build a house of rest for the ark of the covenant of the LORD and for the 7footstool of our God, and I made preparations for building.
3 But God said to me, 8'You may not build a house for my name, for you are a man of war and have shed blood.'
4 Yet the LORD God of Israel 9chose me from all my father's house to be king over Israel 10forever. 11For he chose Judah as leader, and in the house of Judah my father's 12house, and among my father's sons he took pleasure in me to make me king over all Israel.
5 And of 13all my sons (for the LORD has given me many sons) he 14has chosen Solomon my son to sit on the throne of the kingdom of the LORD over Israel.
6 He said to me, 'It is 15Solomon your son who shall build my house and my courts, for I have chosen him to be my son, and I will be his father.
7 I will establish his kingdom 16forever 17if he continues strong in keeping my commandments and my rules, as he is today.'
8 Now therefore in the sight of all Israel, the assembly of the LORD, and in the hearing of our God, observe and seek out all the commandments of the LORD your God, that you may possess this good land and leave it for an inheritance to your children after you forever.

David's Charge to Solomon

9 "And you, Solomon my son, know the God of your father and serve him with a 18whole heart and with a willing mind, 19for the LORD searches all hearts and understands every plan and thought. 20If you seek him, he will be found by you, but if you forsake him, he will cast you off forever.
10 Be careful now, for the LORD has chosen you to build a house for the sanctuary; 21be strong and do it."
11 Then David gave Solomon his son the 22plan of the 23vestibule of the temple,[a] and of its houses, its treasuries, its upper rooms, and its inner chambers, and of the room for the 24mercy seat;
12 and the plan of all that he had in mind for the courts of the house of the LORD, all the surrounding chambers, 25the treasuries of the house of God, and the treasuries for dedicated gifts;
13 for the 26divisions of the priests and of the 27Levites, and all the work of the service in the house of the LORD; for all the vessels for the service in the house of the LORD,
14 the weight of gold for all golden vessels for each service, the weight of silver vessels for each service,
15 the weight of the golden 28lampstands and their lamps, the weight of gold for each lampstand and its lamps, the weight of silver for a lampstand and its lamps, according to the use of each lampstand in the service,
16 the weight of gold for each table for the showbread, the silver for the silver tables,
17 and pure gold for the forks, the basins and the cups; for the golden bowls and the weight of each; for the silver bowls and the weight of each;
18 for the 29altar of incense made of refined gold, and its weight; also his plan for the golden chariot of the 30cherubim that spread their wings and covered the ark of the covenant of the LORD.
19 "All this he made clear to me in writing from the hand of the LORD, 31all the work to be done according to the plan."
20 Then David said to Solomon his son, 32"Be strong and courageous and do it. Do not be afraid and do not be dismayed, for the LORD God, even my God, is with you. He will not leave you or forsake you, until all the work for the service of the house of the LORD is finished.
21 And behold the 33divisions of the priests and the Levites for all the service of the house of God; and with you in all the work will be 34every willing man who has skill for any kind of service; also the officers and all the people will be wholly at your command."

1 Chronicles 28 Commentary

Chapter 28

David exhorts the people to the fear of the Lord. (1-10) He gives instructions for the temple. (11-21)

Verses 1-10 During David's last sickness, many chief priests and Levites were at Jerusalem. Finding himself able, David spoke of his purpose to build a temple for God, and of God's disallowing that purpose. He opened to them God's gracious purposes concerning Solomon. David charged them to cleave stedfastly to God and their duty. We cannot do our work as we should, unless we put on resolution, and fetch in strength from Divine grace. Religion or piety has two distinct parts. The first is knowledge of God, the second is worship of God. David says, Know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart and a willing mind. God is made known by his works and word. Revelation alone shows the whole character of God, in his providence, his holy law, his condemnation of sinners, his blessed gospel, and the ministration of the Spirit to all true believers. The natural man cannot receive this knowledge of God. But thus we learn the value of the Saviour's atonement, and of the sanctification of the Holy Spirit, and are influenced to walk in all his commandments. It brings a sinner to his proper place at the foot of the cross, as a poor, guilty, helpless worm, deserving wrath, yet expecting every thing needful from the free mercy and grace of God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. Having been forgiven much, the pardoned sinner learns to love much.

Verses 11-21 The temple must be a sacred thing, and a type of Christ; it must be framed by Divine teaching. Christ is the true temple, the church is the gospel temple, and heaven the everlasting temple; all are framed according to the Divine counsels, and the plan laid in the Divine wisdom, ordained before the world, for God's glory and our good. David gave this pattern to Solomon, that he might go by rule. Materials were provided for the most costly utensils of the temple. Directions were given which way to look for help in this great undertaking. Be not dismayed; God will help thee, and thou must look up to him in the first place. We may be sure that God, who owned our fathers, and carried them through the services of their day, will, in like manner, never leave us, while he has any work to do in us, or by us. Good work is likely to go on, when all concerned are hearty in furthering it. Let us hope in God's mercy; if we seek him, he will be found of us.

Cross References 34

  • 1. 1 Chronicles 23:2
  • 2. See 1 Chronicles 27:16-22
  • 3. See 1 Chronicles 27:1-15
  • 4. See 1 Chronicles 27:25-31
  • 5. See 1 Chronicles 11:10-47
  • 6. See 1 Chronicles 22:7
  • 7. Psalms 99:5; Psalms 132:7; Isaiah 66:1; Lamentations 2:1; [Psalms 110:1]
  • 8. See 2 Samuel 7:5, 13
  • 9. 1 Samuel 16:12, 13
  • 10. 1 Chronicles 17:23, 27
  • 11. 1 Chronicles 5:2; Genesis 49:8; Psalms 78:68
  • 12. 1 Samuel 16:1
  • 13. See 1 Chronicles 3:1-9; 1 Chronicles 14:3-7
  • 14. 1 Chronicles 22:9; 1 Chronicles 23:1
  • 15. See 2 Samuel 7:13, 14
  • 16. [See ver. 4 above]
  • 17. [1 Chronicles 22:13]
  • 18. [1 Kings 8:61]
  • 19. See 1 Samuel 16:7
  • 20. See 2 Chronicles 15:2
  • 21. ver. 20; Ezra 10:4; Haggai 2:4
  • 22. ver. 19; See Exodus 25:40
  • 23. 1 Kings 6:3; 2 Chronicles 3:4
  • 24. Exodus 25:17
  • 25. See 1 Chronicles 26:20
  • 26. 1 Chronicles 24:1
  • 27. 1 Chronicles 23:6
  • 28. See Exodus 25:31-37
  • 29. See Exodus 30:1
  • 30. See Exodus 25:18-22; 1 Kings 6:23-28
  • 31. ver. 11, 12; Exodus 25:40
  • 32. See 1 Chronicles 22:13; Joshua 1:5
  • 33. ver. 13; See 1 Chronicles 24-26
  • 34. [Exodus 35:25, 26; Exodus 36:1, 2]

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Hebrew lacks of the temple

Chapter Summary


David, having convened the principal men of the nation, declared Solomon his successor, whom God had chosen both to be king, and to build the temple, 1Ch 28:1-7, and exhorted both them and him to serve the Lord, and build an house for him, 1Ch 28:8-10, then gave Solomon the pattern of it, and an account of the materials he had prepared for it, 1Ch 28:11-19, and encouraged him to go about the work with alacrity and intrepidity, 1Ch 28:20,21.

1 Chronicles 28 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.