1 Chronicles 27

Listen to 1 Chronicles 27

Military Divisions

1 This is the number of the people of Israel, the heads of fathers' houses, the commanders of thousands and hundreds, and their officers who served the king in all matters concerning the divisions that came and went, month after month throughout the year, each division numbering 24,000:
2 1Jashobeam the son of Zabdiel was in charge of the first division in the first month; in his division were 24,000.
3 He was a 2descendant of Perez and was chief of all the commanders. He served for the first month.
4 3Dodai the Ahohite[a] was in charge of the division of the second month; in his division were 24,000.
5 The third commander, for the third month, was 4Benaiah, the son of Jehoiada the chief priest; in his division were 24,000.
6 This is the Benaiah 5who was a mighty man of the thirty and in command of the thirty; Ammizabad his son was in charge of his division.[b]
7 6Asahel the brother of Joab was fourth, for the fourth month, and his son Zebadiah after him; in his division were 24,000.
8 The fifth commander, for the fifth month, was 7Shamhuth the Izrahite; in his division were 24,000.
9 Sixth, for the sixth month, was 8Ira, the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite; in his division were 24,000.
10 Seventh, for the seventh month, was 9Helez the Pelonite, of the sons of Ephraim; in his division were 24,000.
11 Eighth, for the eighth month, was 10Sibbecai the Hushathite, of the Zerahites; in his division were 24,000.
12 Ninth, for the ninth month, was 11Abiezer of Anathoth, a Benjaminite; in his division were 24,000.
13 Tenth, for the tenth month, was 12Maharai of Netophah, of the Zerahites; in his division were 24,000.
14 Eleventh, for the eleventh month, was 13Benaiah of Pirathon, of the sons of Ephraim; in his division were 24,000.
15 Twelfth, for the twelfth month, was 14Heldai the Netophathite, of 15Othniel; in his division were 24,000.

Leaders of Tribes

16 Over the tribes of Israel, for the Reubenites, Eliezer the son of Zichri was chief officer; for the Simeonites, Shephatiah the son of Maacah;
17 for Levi, 16Hashabiah the son of Kemuel; for Aaron, 17Zadok;
18 for Judah, Elihu, one of David's brothers; for Issachar, Omri the son of Michael;
19 for Zebulun, Ishmaiah the son of Obadiah; for Naphtali, Jeremoth the son of Azriel;
20 for the Ephraimites, Hoshea the son of Azaziah; for the half-tribe of Manasseh, Joel the son of Pedaiah;
21 for the half-tribe of Manasseh in Gilead, Iddo the son of Zechariah; for Benjamin, Jaasiel the son of Abner;
22 for Dan, Azarel the son of Jeroham. These were the 18leaders of the tribes of Israel.
23 David did not count those below twenty years of age, for the 19LORD had promised to make Israel as many as the stars of heaven.
24 Joab the son of Zeruiah began to count, but 20did not finish. Yet 21wrath came upon Israel for this, and the number was not entered in the chronicles of King David.
25 Over the king's treasuries was 22Azmaveth the son of Adiel; and over the treasuries in the country, in the cities, in the villages, and in the towers, was Jonathan the son of Uzziah;
26 and over those who did the work of the field for tilling the soil was Ezri the son of Chelub;
27 and over the vineyards was Shimei the Ramathite; and over the produce of the vineyards for the wine cellars was Zabdi the Shiphmite.
28 Over the olive and 23sycamore trees in the Shephelah was Baal-hanan the Gederite; and over the stores of oil was Joash.
29 Over the herds that pastured in 24Sharon was Shitrai the Sharonite; over the herds in the valleys was Shaphat the son of Adlai.
30 Over the camels was Obil the Ishmaelite; and over the donkeys was Jehdeiah the Meronothite. Over the flocks was Jaziz the 25Hagrite.
31 All these were stewards of King David's property.
32 Jonathan, David's uncle, was a counselor, being a man of understanding and a scribe. He and Jehiel the son of Hachmoni attended the king's sons.
33 26Ahithophel was the 27king's counselor, and Hushai the Archite was the king's friend.
34 Ahithophel was succeeded by Jehoiada the son of 28Benaiah, and 29Abiathar. Joab was 30commander of the king's army.

1 Chronicles 27 Commentary

Chapter 27

David's military force. (1-15) Princes and officers. (16-34)

Verses 1-15 In the kingdoms of this world readiness for war forms a security for peace; in like manner, nothing so much encourages Satan's assaults as to be unwatchful. So long as we stand armed with the whole armour of God, in the exercise of faith, and preparation of heart for the conflict, we shall certainly be safe, and probably enjoy inward peace.

Verses 16-34 The officers of the court, or the rulers of the king's substance, had the oversight and charge of the king's tillage, his vineyards, his herds, his flocks, which formed the wealth of eastern kings. Much of the wisdom of princes is seen in the choice of their ministry, and common persons show it in the choice of their advisers. David, though he had all these about him, preferred the word of God before them all. Thy testimonies are my delight and my counsellors.

Cross References 30

  • 1. 1 Chronicles 11:11; [2 Samuel 23:8]
  • 2. Numbers 26:20
  • 3. 2 Samuel 23:9; [1 Chronicles 11:12]
  • 4. 2 Samuel 8:18
  • 5. 1 Chronicles 11:24, 25; 2 Samuel 23:20-28
  • 6. 1 Chronicles 11:26; 2 Samuel 23:24
  • 7. [1 Chronicles 11:27; 2 Samuel 23:25]
  • 8. 1 Chronicles 11:28
  • 9. 1 Chronicles 11:27
  • 10. 1 Chronicles 11:29; 1 Chronicles 20:4; 2 Samuel 21:18
  • 11. 1 Chronicles 11:28
  • 12. 1 Chronicles 11:30
  • 13. 1 Chronicles 11:31
  • 14. [2 Samuel 23:29]
  • 15. 1 Chronicles 4:13; Judges 1:13; Judges 3:9
  • 16. 1 Chronicles 26:30
  • 17. 1 Chronicles 24:3
  • 18. 1 Chronicles 28:1
  • 19. See Genesis 15:5
  • 20. [1 Chronicles 21:5, 6]
  • 21. 1 Chronicles 21:7; 2 Samuel 24:12-15
  • 22. 1 Chronicles 11:33; 2 Samuel 23:31
  • 23. 1 Kings 10:27; 2 Chronicles 1:15; 2 Chronicles 9:27
  • 24. 1 Chronicles 5:16
  • 25. See 1 Chronicles 5:10
  • 26. See 2 Samuel 15:12
  • 27. See 2 Samuel 15:37
  • 28. [ver. 5]
  • 29. 1 Kings 1:7; [1 Chronicles 24:6]
  • 30. [1 Chronicles 11:6]

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. Septuagint; Hebrew Ahohite and his division and Mikloth the chief officer
  • [b]. Septuagint, Vulgate; Hebrew was his division

Chapter Summary


In this chapter we have an account of twelve military courses, or twelve legions of soldiers, with the captains of them, that served David monthly in their turns, 1Ch 27:1-15 and of the princes of the several tribes, 1Ch 27:16-24 and of his economical rulers, 1Ch 27:25-31, and of his counsellors and general, 1Ch 27:32-34.

1 Chronicles 27 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.