1 Corinthians 4

Listen to 1 Corinthians 4

The Ministry of Apostles

1 This is how one should regard us, as servants of Christ and 1stewards of the mysteries of God.
2 Moreover, it is required of stewards that they be found trustworthy.
3 But with me it is a very small thing that I should be judged by you or by any human court. In fact, I do not even judge myself.
4 2For I am not aware of anything against myself, 3but I am not thereby acquitted. It is the Lord who judges me.
5 Therefore 4do not pronounce judgment before the time, 5before the Lord comes, 6who will bring to light the things now hidden in darkness and will disclose the purposes of the heart. 7Then each one will receive his commendation from God.
6 I have applied all these things to myself and Apollos for your benefit, brothers,[a] that you may learn by us not to go beyond what is written, that none of you may 8be puffed up in favor of one against another.
7 For who sees anything different in you? 9What do you have that you did not receive? If then you received it, why do you boast as if you did not receive it?
8 Already you have all you want! Already you have become rich! Without us you have become kings! And would that you did reign, so that we might share the rule with you!
9 For I think that God has exhibited us apostles as last of all, 10like men sentenced to death, because we 11have become a spectacle to the world, to angels, and to men.
10 12We are fools for Christ's sake, but 13you are wise in Christ. 14We are weak, but you are strong. You are held in honor, but we in disrepute.
11 To the present hour 15we hunger and thirst, we are poorly dressed and 16buffeted and 17homeless,
12 and we 18labor, working with our own hands. 19When reviled, we bless; 20when persecuted, we endure;
13 when slandered, we entreat. 21We have become, and are still, like the scum of the world, 22the refuse of all things.
14 I do not write these things 23to make you ashamed, but to admonish you 24as my beloved children.
15 For 25though you have countless guides in Christ, you do not have many fathers. For 26I became your father in Christ Jesus through the gospel.
16 I urge you, then, 27be imitators of me.
17 That is why 28I sent[b] you Timothy, 29my beloved and faithful child in the Lord, to remind you of my ways in Christ,[c]30as I teach them everywhere in every church.
18 Some are 31arrogant, 32as though I were not coming to you.
19 But 33I will come to you soon, if the Lord wills, and I will find out not the talk of these arrogant people but their power.
20 For 34the kingdom of God does not consist in talk but in power.
21 What do you wish? 35Shall I come to you with a rod, or with love in a spirit of gentleness?

1 Corinthians 4 Commentary

Chapter 4

The true character of gospel ministers. (1-6) Cautions against despising the apostle. (7-13) He claims their regard as their spiritual father in Christ, and shows his concern for them. (14-21)

Verses 1-6 Apostles were no more than servants of Christ, but they were not to be undervalued. They had a great trust, and for that reason, had an honourable office. Paul had a just concern for his own reputation, but he knew that he who chiefly aimed to please men, would not prove himself a faithful servant of Christ. It is a comfort that men are not to be our final judges. And it is not judging well of ourselves, or justifying ourselves, that will prove us safe and happy. Our own judgment is not to be depended upon as to our faithfulness, any more than our own works for our justification. There is a day coming, that will bring men's secret sins into open day, and discover the secrets of their hearts. Then every slandered believer will be justified, and every faithful servant approved and rewarded. The word of God is the best rule by which to judge as to men. Pride commonly is at the bottom of quarrels. Self-conceit contributes to produce undue esteem of our teachers, as well as of ourselves. We shall not be puffed up for one against another, if we remember that all are instruments, employed by God, and endowed by him with various talents.

Verses 7-13 We have no reason to be proud; all we have, or are, or do, that is good, is owing to the free and rich grace of God. A sinner snatched from destruction by sovereign grace alone, must be very absurd and inconsistent, if proud of the free gifts of God. St. Paul sets forth his own circumstances, ver. 9. Allusion is made to the cruel spectacles in the Roman games; where men were forced to cut one another to pieces, to divert the people; and where the victor did not escape with his life, though he should destroy his adversary, but was only kept for another combat, and must be killed at last. The thought that many eyes are upon believers, when struggling with difficulties or temptations, should encourage constancy and patience. "We are weak, but ye are strong." All Christians are not alike exposed. Some suffer greater hardships than others. The apostle enters into particulars of their sufferings. And how glorious the charity and devotion that carried them through all these hardships! They suffered in their persons and characters as the worst and vilest of men; as the very dirt of the world, that was to be swept away: nay, as the offscouring of all things, the dross of all things. And every one who would be faithful in Christ Jesus, must be prepared for poverty and contempt. Whatever the disciples of Christ suffer from men, they must follow the example, and fulfil the will and precepts of their Lord. They must be content, with him and for him, to be despised and abused. It is much better to be rejected, despised, and ill used, as St. Paul was, than to have the good opinion and favour of the world. Though cast off by the world as vile, yet we may be precious to God, gathered up with his own hand, and placed upon his throne.

Verses 14-21 In reproving for sin, we should distinguish between sinners and their sins. Reproofs that kindly and affectionately warn, are likely to reform. Though the apostle spoke with authority as a parent, he would rather beseech them in love. And as ministers are to set an example, others must follow them, as far as they follow Christ in faith and practice. Christians may mistake and differ in their views, but Christ and Christian truth are the same yesterday, to-day, and for ever. Whenever the gospel is effectual, it comes not in word only, but also in power, by the Holy Spirit, quickening dead sinners, delivering persons from the slavery of sin and Satan, renewing them both inwardly and outwardly, and comforting, strengthening, and establishing the saints, which cannot be done by the persuasive language of men, but by the power of God. And it is a happy temper, to have the spirit of love and meekness bear the rule, yet to maintain just authority.

Cross References 35

  • 1. [1 Corinthians 9:17]; See 1 Peter 4:10
  • 2. See Acts 23:1
  • 3. Job 9:2, 15; Psalms 130:3; Psalms 143:2; [1 John 3:21]
  • 4. Matthew 7:1; Romans 2:1; [Matthew 13:29]
  • 5. See John 21:22; Romans 2:16
  • 6. 1 Corinthians 3:13
  • 7. 2 Corinthians 10:18; See 1 Corinthians 3:8
  • 8. ver. 18, 19; 1 Corinthians 5:2; 1 Corinthians 13:4
  • 9. John 3:27; [1 Chronicles 29:14; James 1:17; 1 Peter 4:10]
  • 10. See Romans 8:36
  • 11. Hebrews 10:33(Gk.); [Isaiah 20:3]
  • 12. [Acts 17:18]; See 1 Corinthians 1:18; Acts 26:24
  • 13. 2 Corinthians 11:19
  • 14. 1 Corinthians 2:3; 2 Corinthians 13:9
  • 15. Romans 8:35; 2 Corinthians 11:27; Philippians 4:12
  • 16. 2 Corinthians 11:20, 23
  • 17. [Matthew 8:20]
  • 18. See Acts 18:3
  • 19. See 1 Peter 3:9
  • 20. See John 15:20
  • 21. [Isaiah 30:22; Isaiah 64:6]
  • 22. Lamentations 3:45
  • 23. [1 Corinthians 6:5; 1 Corinthians 15:34]
  • 24. 2 Corinthians 6:13; 1 Thessalonians 2:11; 3 John 4
  • 25. [1 Corinthians 3:10]
  • 26. Philemon 10; [Galatians 4:19]
  • 27. 1 Corinthians 11:1; Philippians 3:17; 1 Thessalonians 1:6; [Philippians 4:9; 2 Thessalonians 3:9]
  • 28. 1 Corinthians 16:10
  • 29. 1 Timothy 1:2; 2 Timothy 1:2
  • 30. 1 Corinthians 7:17
  • 31. See ver. 6
  • 32. ver. 21; [2 Corinthians 10:2]
  • 33. 1 Corinthians 11:34; 1 Corinthians 16:5, 6; Acts 19:21; Acts 20:2; 2 Corinthians 1:15, 16
  • 34. See 1 Corinthians 2:4
  • 35. 2 Corinthians 1:23; 2 Corinthians 2:1, 3; 2 Corinthians 12:20; 2 Corinthians 13:2, 10

Footnotes 3

Chapter Summary


The chief heads of this chapter are the account that ought to be had of the ministers of the Gospel; cautions against censoriousness, rash judgment, pride, and self-conceit; the uncomfortable circumstances and situation of the ministers of the Gospel for the sake of preaching it; the apostle's fatherly affection to the Corinthians, and his authority over them; his resolution in submission to the will of God of coming to them, and the manner in which it might be expected he would come. The apostle exhorts to have in proper esteem the preachers of the Gospel, and that because they are Christ's ministers and stewards of his grace, and faithful in the discharge of their duty, 1Co 4:1,2. And as for himself, whom he includes in the number of the faithful dispensers of the word, he cared not what judgment was passed upon him; nor should he think fit to be set down by it, partly because it was human, and arose from an ill spirit; and partly because he judged himself; as also because his conscience testified that he faithfully discharged his office; and besides, the Lord was his judge, 1Co 4:3,4 who in his own time would judge him; and he, as every other faithful minister, shall have praise of God, and therefore before that time judgment was not to be passed by men, 1Co 4:5 and then gives a reason why he had mentioned his own name, and the name of Apollos, under such figurative expressions as he had done in the preceding chapter, that they might be examples of modesty and humility for others to follow, 1Co 4:6 and expostulates with those who were vainly puffed up in their fleshly minds; that seeing they were no better than others, and what gifts they had were not of themselves, but of God, they had no reason to glory and vaunt it over others, 1Co 4:7 and in an ironical way expresses the exalted and flourishing condition they were in, and which he rather wishes than asserts, and which carries in it a sort of a denial of it, 1Co 4:8 and goes on to represent the miserable condition that the faithful preachers and followers of Christ were in, and that in order to abate the pride and swelling vanity of these men, 1Co 4:9-13 showing, that it was far from being a reigning time in the churches of Christ; his end in mentioning which, as well as the sharpness he had used in reproving, were not in order to expose them to shame, but for their admonition, 1Co 4:14 and that he did not take too much upon him in dealing thus freely and roundly with them, appears from the spiritual relation he stood in to them, as a father, 1Co 4:15 and therefore it became them as children to submit to him, and imitate him, 1Co 4:16 and an instance of his paternal care of them, and love to them, was his sending Timothy among them, whose character he gives, and whose work and usefulness he points out to them, 1Co 4:17, and closes the chapter with a promise of coming to them, if it was agreeable to the will of God; and the rather he was bent upon it, because some had given out he would not come, and rejoiced at it; wherefore, in order to try them, whether they were only verbal or powerful professors, he was desirous of coming to them, 1Co 4:18,19 since religion did not lie in talking, but in an inward powerful experience of things, 1Co 4:20 which he feared was wanting in some by their outward conversation; and therefore puts a question in what way they would chose he should come unto them, and hence should accordingly order their conversation and behaviour, 1Co 4:21.

1 Corinthians 4 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.