2 Chronicles 32

Listen to 2 Chronicles 32

Sennacherib Invades Judah

1 1After these things and these acts of faithfulness, Sennacherib king of Assyria came and invaded Judah and encamped against the fortified cities, thinking to win them for himself.
2 And when Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib had come and intended to fight against Jerusalem,
3 he planned with his officers and his mighty men to stop the water of the springs that were outside the city; and they helped him.
4 A great many people were gathered, and they stopped all the springs and 2the brook that flowed through the land, saying, "Why should the kings of Assyria come and find much water?"
5 He set to work resolutely and built up 3all the wall that was broken down and raised towers upon it,[a] and outside it he built another wall, and he strengthened the 4Millo in the city of David. He also made weapons and shields in abundance.
6 And he set combat commanders over the people and gathered them together to him in the square at the gate of the city and spoke 5encouragingly to them, saying,
7 6"Be strong and courageous. 7Do not be afraid or dismayed before the king of Assyria and all the horde that is with him, 8for there are more with us than with him.
8 With him is 9an arm of flesh, 10but with us is the LORD our God, to help us and to fight our battles." And the people took confidence from the words of Hezekiah king of Judah.

Sennacherib Blasphemes

9 After this, Sennacherib king of Assyria, who was besieging Lachish with all his forces, sent his servants to Jerusalem to Hezekiah king of Judah and to all the people of Judah who were in Jerusalem, saying,
10 "Thus says Sennacherib king of Assyria, 'On what are you trusting, that you endure the siege in Jerusalem?
11 Is not Hezekiah misleading you, that he may give you over to die by famine and by thirst, when he tells you, "The LORD our God will deliver us from the hand of the king of Assyria"?
12 11Has not this same Hezekiah taken away his high places and his altars and commanded Judah and Jerusalem, "Before one altar you shall worship, and on it you shall burn your sacrifices"?
13 Do you not know what I and my fathers have done to all the peoples of other lands? Were the gods of the nations of those lands at all able to deliver their lands out of my hand?
14 Who among all the gods of those nations that my fathers devoted to destruction was able to deliver his people from my hand, that your God should be able to deliver you from my hand?
15 Now, therefore, do not let Hezekiah deceive you or mislead you in this fashion, and do not believe him, for no god of any nation or kingdom has been able to deliver his people from my hand or from the hand of my fathers. How much less will your God deliver you out of my hand!'"
16 And his servants said still more against the LORD God and against his servant Hezekiah.
17 And he wrote letters to cast contempt on the LORD, the God of Israel, and to speak against him, saying, "Like the gods of the nations of the lands who have not delivered their people from my hands, so the God of Hezekiah will not deliver his people from my hand."
18 And they shouted it with a loud voice in the language of Judah to the people of Jerusalem who were on the wall, to frighten and terrify them, in order that they might take the city.
19 And they spoke of the God of Jerusalem as they spoke of the gods of the peoples of the earth, which are the work of men's hands.

The Lord Delivers Jerusalem

20 Then Hezekiah the king and Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, prayed because of this and cried to heaven.
21 And the LORD sent an angel, who cut off all the mighty warriors and commanders and officers in the camp of the king of Assyria. So he returned with 12shame of face to his own land. And when he came into the house of his god, some of his own sons struck him down there with the sword.
22 So the LORD saved Hezekiah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem from the hand of Sennacherib king of Assyria and from the hand of all his enemies, and he provided for them on every side.
23 And many 13brought gifts to the LORD to Jerusalem and precious things to Hezekiah king of Judah, so that he was exalted in the sight of all nations from that time onward.

Hezekiah's Pride and Achievements

24 14In those days Hezekiah became sick and was at the point of death, and he prayed to the LORD, and he answered him and gave him a sign.
25 But Hezekiah 15did not make return according to the benefit done to him, for 16his heart was proud. Therefore 17wrath came upon him and Judah and Jerusalem.
26 But Hezekiah 18humbled himself for the pride of his heart, both he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the wrath of the LORD did not come upon them in the days of Hezekiah.
27 And Hezekiah had very great riches and honor, and he made for himself treasuries for silver, for gold, for precious stones, for spices, for shields, and for all kinds of 19costly vessels;
28 storehouses also for the yield of grain, wine, and oil; and stalls for all kinds of cattle, and sheepfolds.
29 He likewise provided cities for himself, and flocks and herds in abundance, for God had given him very great possessions.
30 This same Hezekiah 20closed the upper outlet of the waters of 21Gihon and directed them down to the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah prospered in all his works.
31 And so in the matter of the envoys of the princes of Babylon, 22who had been sent to him to inquire about 23the sign that had been done in the land, God left him to himself, 24in order to test him and to know all that was in his heart.
32 Now the rest of the acts of Hezekiah and his good deeds, behold, they are written 25in the vision of Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz, 26in the Book of the Kings of Judah and Israel.
33 And Hezekiah slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the 27upper part of the tombs of the sons of David, and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem did him honor at his death. And Manasseh his son reigned in his place.

2 Chronicles 32 Commentary

Chapter 32

The invasion of Sennacherib, His defeat. (1-23) Hezekiah's sickness, His prosperous reign, and death. (24-33)

Verses 1-23 Those who trust God with their safety, must use proper means, else they tempt him. God will provide, but so must we also. Hezekiah gathered his people together, and spake comfortably to them. A believing confidence in God, will raise us above the prevailing fear of man. Let the good subjects and soldiers of Jesus Christ, rest upon his word, and boldly say, Since God is for us, who can be against us? By the favour of God, enemies are lost, and friends gained.

Verses 24-33 God left Hezekiah to himself, that, by this trial and his weakness in it, what was in his heart might be known; that he was not so perfect in grace as he thought he was. It is good for us to know ourselves, and our own weakness and sinfulness, that we may not be conceited, or self-confident, but may always live in dependence upon Divine grace. We know not the corruption of our own hearts, nor what we shall do if God leaves us to ourselves. His sin was, that his heart was lifted up. What need have great men, and good men, and useful men, to study their own infirmities and follies, and their obligations to free grace, that they may never think highly of themselves; but beg earnestly of God, that he will always keep them humble! Hezekiah made a bad return to God for his favours, by making even those favours the food and fuel of his pride. Let us shun the occasions of sin: let us avoid the company, the amusements, the books, yea, the very sights that may administer to sin. Let us commit ourselves continually to God's care and protection; and beg of him never to leave us nor forsake us. Blessed be God, death will soon end the believer's conflict; then pride and every sin will be abolished. He will no more be tempted to withhold the praise which belongs to the God of his salvation.

Cross References 27

  • 1. For ver. 1-22, see 2 Kings 18:13 - 19:37; Isaiah 36:1 - 37:38
  • 2. ver. 30
  • 3. 2 Chronicles 25:23; [Isaiah 22:9, 10]
  • 4. See 2 Samuel 5:9
  • 5. 2 Chronicles 30:22; Isaiah 40:2
  • 6. See Deuteronomy 31:6
  • 7. 2 Chronicles 20:15
  • 8. 2 Kings 6:16
  • 9. Jeremiah 17:5
  • 10. 2 Chronicles 15:2; 2 Chronicles 20:17
  • 11. [2 Chronicles 31:1]
  • 12. [Psalms 44:15; Jeremiah 7:19]
  • 13. [2 Chronicles 17:5]
  • 14. See 2 Kings 20:1-11; Isaiah 38:1-8
  • 15. [Psalms 116:12]
  • 16. See 2 Chronicles 26:16
  • 17. 2 Chronicles 19:2; 2 Chronicles 24:18
  • 18. Jeremiah 26:18, 19; [2 Chronicles 33:12]
  • 19. 2 Chronicles 36:10
  • 20. 2 Kings 20:20; [Isaiah 22:9, 11]
  • 21. 1 Kings 1:33
  • 22. 2 Kings 20:12; Isaiah 39:1
  • 23. ver. 24
  • 24. Deuteronomy 8:2
  • 25. See Isa. 36 - 39
  • 26. See 2 Kgs. 18 - 20
  • 27. [2 Samuel 15:30]

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Vulgate; Hebrew and raised upon the towers

Chapter Summary


This chapter relates Sennacherib's invasion of the land of Judah, the preparations Hezekiah made to resist him, and the encouragement he gave his people to trust in the Lord, 2Ch 32:1-8 the messages and letters Sennacherib sent to Hezekiah and his subjects, full of arrogance and blasphemy, to solicit them to deliver up Jerusalem to him, 2Ch 32:9-19 the destruction of his army by an angel, and the deliverance of the Jews at the prayers of Hezekiah and Isaiah, 2Ch 32:20-23 the sin Hezekiah fell into after this, and his recovery from a fit of illness; but, upon his humiliation for it, wrath was averted, 2Ch 32:24-26 and the chapter is concluded with an account of his honours, riches, and exploits, and of his death and burial, 2Ch 32:27-33.

2 Chronicles 32 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.