2 Kings 14

Listen to 2 Kings 14

Amaziah Reigns in Judah

1 1In the 2second year of Joash the son of Joahaz, king of Israel, 3Amaziah the son of Joash, king of Judah, began to reign.
2 He was twenty-five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Jehoaddin of Jerusalem.
3 And he did what was right in the eyes of the LORD, yet not like David his father. He did in all things as Joash his father had done.
4 4But the high places were not removed; 5the people still sacrificed and made offerings on the high places.
5 And as soon as the royal power was 6firmly in his hand, he struck down his servants 7who had struck down the king his father.
6 But he did not put to death the children of the murderers, according to what is written in the Book of the Law of Moses, where the LORD commanded, 8"Fathers shall not be put to death because of their children, nor shall children be put to death because of their fathers. But each one shall die for his own sin."
7 9He struck down ten thousand Edomites in 10the Valley of Salt and took 11Sela by storm, and called it 12Joktheel, which is its name to this day.
8 13Then Amaziah sent messengers to Jehoash[a] the son of Jehoahaz, son of Jehu, king of Israel, saying, "Come, 14let us look one another in the face."
9 And Jehoash king of Israel sent word to Amaziah king of Judah, 15"A thistle on Lebanon sent to a cedar on Lebanon, saying, 'Give your daughter to my son for a wife,' and a wild beast of Lebanon passed by and trampled down the thistle.
10 You have indeed 16struck down Edom, 17and your heart has lifted you up. Be content with your glory, and stay at home, for why should you provoke trouble so that you fall, you and Judah with you?"
11 But Amaziah would not listen. So Jehoash king of Israel went up, and he and Amaziah king of Judah 18faced one another in battle at 19Beth-shemesh, which belongs to Judah.
12 And Judah was defeated by Israel, 20and every man fled to his home.
13 And Jehoash king of Israel captured Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash, son of Ahaziah, at Beth-shemesh, and came to Jerusalem and broke down the wall of Jerusalem for four hundred cubits,[b] from 21the Ephraim Gate to 22the Corner Gate.
14 And he seized 23all the gold and silver, and all the vessels that were found in the house of the LORD and in the treasuries of the king's house, also hostages, and he returned to Samaria.
15 24Now the rest of the acts of Jehoash that he did, and his might, and how he fought with Amaziah king of Judah, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel?
16 And Jehoash slept with his fathers and was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel, and Jeroboam his son reigned in his place.
17 25Amaziah the son of Joash, king of Judah, lived fifteen years after the death of Jehoash son of Jehoahaz, king of Israel.
18 Now the rest of the deeds of Amaziah, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah?
19 And they made a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem, and he fled to 26Lachish. But they sent after him to Lachish and put him to death there.
20 And they brought him on horses; and he was buried in Jerusalem with his fathers in the city of David.
21 And all the people of Judah took Azariah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king instead of his father Amaziah.
22 He built 27Elath and restored it to Judah, after the king slept with his fathers.

Jeroboam II Reigns in Israel

23 In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash, king of Judah, Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel, began to reign in Samaria, and he reigned forty-one years.
24 And he did what was evil in the sight of the LORD. He did not depart from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, 28which he made Israel to sin.
25 29He restored the border of Israel 30from Lebo-hamath as far as the Sea of 31the Arabah, according to the word of the LORD, the God of Israel, which he spoke by his servant 32Jonah the son of Amittai, the prophet, who was from 33Gath-hepher.
26 For the LORD 34saw that the affliction of Israel was very bitter, 35for there was none left, bond or free, and there was none to help Israel.
27 36But the LORD had not said that he would blot out the name of Israel from under heaven, so he saved them by the hand of Jeroboam the son of Joash.
28 Now the rest of the acts of Jeroboam and all that he did, and his might, how he fought, and how he restored 37Damascus and 38Hamath to Judah in Israel, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel?
29 And Jeroboam slept with his fathers, the kings of Israel, and Zechariah his son reigned in his place.

2 Kings 14 Commentary

Chapter 14

Amaziah's good reign. (1-7) Amaziah provokes Jehoash king of Israel, and is overcome. (8-14) He is slain by conspirators. (15-22) Wicked reign of Jeroboam II. (23-29)

Verses 1-7 Amaziah began well, but did not go on so. It is not enough to do that which our pious predecessors did, merely to keep up the common usage, but we must do it as they did, from the same principle of faith and devotion, and with the same sincerity and resolution.

Verses 8-14 For some time after the division of the kingdoms, Judah suffered much from the enmity of Israel. After Asa's time, it suffered more by the friendship of Israel, and by the alliance made with them. Now we meet with hostility between them again. How may a humble man smile to hear two proud and scornful men set their wits on work, to vilify and undervalue one another! Unholy success excites pride; pride excites contentions. The effects of pride in others, are insufferable to those who are proud themselves. These are the sources of trouble and sin in private life; but when they arise between princes, they become the misery of their whole kingdoms. Jehoash shows Amaziah the folly of his challenge; Thine heart has lifted thee up. The root of all sin is in the heart, thence it flows. It is not Providence, the event, the occasion, whatever it is, that makes men proud, secure, discontented, or the like, but their own hearts do it.

Verses 15-22 Amaziah survived his conqueror fifteen years. He was slain by his own subjects. Azariah, or Uzziah, seems to have been very young when his father was slain. Though the years of his reign are reckoned from that event, he was not fully made king till eleven years afterwards.

Verses 23-29 God raised up the prophet Jonah, and by him declared the purposes of his favour to Israel. It is a sign that God has not cast off his people, if he continues faithful ministers among them. Two reasons are given why God blessed them with those victories: 1. Because the distress was very great, which made them objects of his compassion. 2. Because the decree was not yet gone forth for their destruction. Many prophets there had been in Israel, but none left prophecies in writing till this age, and their prophecies are part of the Bible. Hosea began to prophesy in the reign of this Jeroboam. At the same time Amos prophesied; soon after Micah, then Isaiah, in the days of Ahaz and Hezekiah. Thus God, in the darkest and most degenerate ages of the church, raised up some to be burning and shining lights in it; to their own age, by their preaching and living, and a few by their writings, to reflect light upon us in the last times.

Cross References 38

  • 1. For ver. 1-6, see 2 Chronicles 25:1-4
  • 2. [2 Kings 13:10]
  • 3. 2 Kings 12:21
  • 4. See 2 Kings 12:3
  • 5. [2 Kings 16:4]
  • 6. [2 Kings 15:19]
  • 7. 2 Kings 12:20
  • 8. Deuteronomy 24:16; [Jeremiah 31:30; Ezekiel 18:4, 20]
  • 9. 2 Chronicles 25:11
  • 10. 2 Samuel 8:13; 1 Chronicles 18:12; See Psalms 60
  • 11. Isaiah 16:1
  • 12. [Joshua 15:38]
  • 13. For ver. 8-14, see 2 Chronicles 25:17-24
  • 14. [2 Kings 23:29]
  • 15. [Judges 9:8-15]
  • 16. ver. 7
  • 17. Deuteronomy 8:14; 2 Chronicles 26:16; 2 Chronicles 32:25; Ezek. 28:2, 5, 17
  • 18. [See ver. 8 above]
  • 19. Joshua 15:10
  • 20. See 1 Samuel 4:10
  • 21. Nehemiah 8:16; Nehemiah 12:39
  • 22. 2 Chronicles 25:23; 2 Chronicles 26:9; Jeremiah 31:38; Zechariah 14:10
  • 23. 2 Kings 12:18; 1 Kings 7:51
  • 24. 2 Kings 13:12, 13
  • 25. For ver. 17-22, see 2 Chronicles 25:25 - 26:2
  • 26. See Joshua 10:3
  • 27. 2 Kings 16:6; Deuteronomy 2:8; [2 Chronicles 8:17; 2 Chronicles 26:2]
  • 28. See 1 Kings 14:16
  • 29. [2 Kings 10:32; 2 Kings 13:25]
  • 30. See 1 Kings 8:65
  • 31. See Deuteronomy 3:17
  • 32. Jonah 1:1; [Matthew 12:39, 40]
  • 33. Joshua 19:13
  • 34. Exodus 3:7; [2 Kings 13:4]
  • 35. See Deuteronomy 32:36
  • 36. [2 Kings 13:5, 23]
  • 37. [2 Samuel 8:6; 1 Kings 11:24; 1 Chronicles 18:5, 6]
  • 38. 2 Chronicles 8:3

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. Jehoash is another spelling for Joash (son of Jehoahaz) as in 13:9, 12-14; also verses 9, 11-16
  • [b]. A cubit was about 18 inches or 45 centimeters

Chapter Summary


In this chapter we have the good reign of Amaziah king of Judah, his victories over the Edomites, and war with Jehoash king of Israel, by whom he was taken, who died quickly after, 2Ki 14:1-16, but Amaziah lived fifteen years afterwards, and was slain by a conspiracy against him, and Azariah his son reigned in his stead, 2Ki 14:17-22, and a short account is given of the reign of Jeroboam the second, king of Israel, 2Ki 14:23-29.

2 Kings 14 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.