2 Kings 23:29

29 1In his days 2Pharaoh Neco king of Egypt went up to the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates. King Josiah went to meet him, and Pharaoh Neco killed him at 3Megiddo, as soon as he saw him.

2 Kings 23:29 Meaning and Commentary

2 Kings 23:29

In his days Pharaohnechoh king of Egypt
Who is called in the Targum Pharaoh the lame, because he was lame in his feet, perhaps gouty; Herodotus F24 also calls him Necos the son of Psammiticus; now it was in the last days of Josiah this king reigned in Egypt, or however that the following event was:

[that] he went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates;
to Carchemish, a city situated upon it; see ( 2 Chronicles 35:26 ) ( Jeremiah 46:2 ) , the king he went against was the king of Babylon, who had conquered the Assyrian monarchy, and therefore called king of it; some take him to be Nabopolassar; according to Marsham F25, he was Chyniladanus;

and King Josiah went against him;
to stop him, that he might not pass through his country, and attack the king of Babylon, whose ally, perhaps, Josiah was; or, however, thought himself obliged to him by the privileges, power, and authority he allowed him to exercise in the land of Israel:

and he slew him at Megiddo, when he had seen him;
as soon as they came face to face, and engaged in battle, see ( 2 Kings 14:8 2 Kings 14:11 ) that is Pharaoh slew Josiah at the first onset. Megiddo was a city in the tribe of Manasseh, ( Joshua 17:11 ) . Herodotus F26 calls it Magdolus, which seems to be a city on the borders of Egypt, the same with Migdol, ( Jeremiah 44:1 ) where he says Pharoahnechoh conquered the Syrians; in Josephus F1 it is called Mendes very wrongly. Josiah seems to have engaged in this action without consulting the Lord and his prophets.


F24 Euterpe, sive, l. 2. c. 158.
F25 Chronic. Secul. 18. p. 568.
F26 Ibid. c. 159.
F1 Antiqu. l. 10. c. 5. sect. 1.

2 Kings 23:29 In-Context

27 And the LORD said, "I will remove Judah also out of my sight, as I have removed Israel, and I will cast off this city that I have chosen, Jerusalem, and the house of which I said, My name shall be there."
28 Now the rest of the acts of Josiah and all that he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Judah?
29 In his days Pharaoh Neco king of Egypt went up to the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates. King Josiah went to meet him, and Pharaoh Neco killed him at Megiddo, as soon as he saw him.
30 And his servants carried him dead in a chariot from Megiddo and brought him to Jerusalem and buried him in his own tomb. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father's place.
31 Jehoahaz was twenty-three years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.

Cross References 3

  • 1. For ver. 29, 30, see 2 Chronicles 35:20-24
  • 2. Jeremiah 46:2
  • 3. [Judges 5:19; Zechariah 12:11]