2 Kings 24:8-17

Jehoiachin Reigns in Judah

8 1Jehoiachin was 2eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Nehushta the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem.
9 And he did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, 3according to all that his father had done.

Jerusalem Captured

10 At that time the servants of 4Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up to Jerusalem, and the city was besieged.
11 And 5Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to the city while his servants were besieging it,
12 6and Jehoiachin the king of Judah gave himself up to the king of Babylon, himself and his mother and his servants and his officials and his palace officials. 7The king of Babylon took him prisoner 8in the eighth year of his reign
13 and carried off all the treasures of the house of the LORD 9and the treasures of the king's house, 10and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold in the temple of the LORD, 11which Solomon king of Israel had made, 12as the LORD had foretold.
14 13He carried away all Jerusalem and all the officials and all the mighty men of valor, 14 10,000 captives, 15and all the craftsmen and the smiths. None remained, 16except the poorest people of the land.
15 17And he carried away Jehoiachin to Babylon. The king's mother, the king's wives, his officials, and the chief men of the land he took into captivity from Jerusalem to Babylon.
16 And the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon all the men of valor, 18 7,000, and the craftsmen and the metal workers, 1,000, all of them strong and fit for war.
17 19And the king of Babylon 20made Mattaniah, 21Jehoiachin's uncle, king in his place, 22and changed his name to Zedekiah.

2 Kings 24:8-17 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO 2 KINGS 24

This chapter relates the rebellion of Jehoiakim against the king of Babylon, which prepared the way for the ruin of the kingdom of Judah, according to the decree of God, and also the death of Jehoiakim, and the conquest the king of Babylon made of part of the land of the king of Egypt, 2Ki 24:1-7 and the short and wicked reign of Jehoiachin his son, when he and the royal family, with great numbers of the inhabitants of the land, were carried captive to Babylon, 2Ki 24:8-16, and his uncle was made king in his room, 2Ki 24:17-20.

2 Kings 24:8-17 In-Context

6 So Jehoiakim slept with his fathers, and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his place.
7 And the king of Egypt did not come again out of his land, for the king of Babylon had taken all that belonged to the king of Egypt from the Brook of Egypt to the river Euphrates.
8 Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Nehushta the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem.
9 And he did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his father had done.
10 At that time the servants of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up to Jerusalem, and the city was besieged.
11 And Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to the city while his servants were besieging it,
12 and Jehoiachin the king of Judah gave himself up to the king of Babylon, himself and his mother and his servants and his officials and his palace officials. The king of Babylon took him prisoner in the eighth year of his reign
13 and carried off all the treasures of the house of the LORD and the treasures of the king's house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold in the temple of the LORD, which Solomon king of Israel had made, as the LORD had foretold.
14 He carried away all Jerusalem and all the officials and all the mighty men of valor, 10,000 captives, and all the craftsmen and the smiths. None remained, except the poorest people of the land.
15 And he carried away Jehoiachin to Babylon. The king's mother, the king's wives, his officials, and the chief men of the land he took into captivity from Jerusalem to Babylon.
16 And the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon all the men of valor, 7,000, and the craftsmen and the metal workers, 1,000, all of them strong and fit for war.
17 And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah, Jehoiachin's uncle, king in his place, and changed his name to Zedekiah.
18 Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
19 And he did what was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that Jehoiakim had done.

Cross References 22

  • 1. [1 Chronicles 3:16; Esther 2:6; Jeremiah 22:24, 28; Jeremiah 24:1; Jeremiah 37:1]
  • 2. [2 Chronicles 36:9]
  • 3. 2 Kings 23:37
  • 4. Daniel 1:1
  • 5. [See ver. 10 above]
  • 6. [Jeremiah 24:1; Jeremiah 29:1, 2; Ezekiel 17:12]
  • 7. [2 Chronicles 36:10]
  • 8. [2 Kings 25:27]
  • 9. 2 Kings 20:17; Isaiah 39:6
  • 10. 2 Chronicles 36:7; Ezra 1:7; Daniel 1:2; Daniel 5:2, 3
  • 11. See 1 Kings 7:48-50
  • 12. Jeremiah 20:5
  • 13. Jeremiah 24:1
  • 14. [ver. 16; Jeremiah 52:28]
  • 15. Jeremiah 24:1; Jeremiah 29:2; [1 Samuel 13:19, 22]
  • 16. 2 Kings 25:12
  • 17. 2 Chronicles 36:10; Esther 2:6; [Jeremiah 22:24-26]
  • 18. [ver. 14]
  • 19. For ver. 17-20, see 2 Chronicles 36:10-13
  • 20. [Jeremiah 37:1]
  • 21. [1 Chronicles 3:15]
  • 22. [2 Kings 23:34; 2 Chronicles 36:4]
The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.