2 Peter 2

Listen to 2 Peter 2

False Prophets and Teachers

1 But 1false prophets also arose among the people, 2just as there will be false teachers among you, who will 3secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Master 4who bought them, bringing upon themselves swift destruction.
2 And many will follow their sensuality, and because of them the way of truth 5will be blasphemed.
3 And 6in their greed they will exploit you 7with false words. 8Their condemnation from long ago is not idle, and their destruction is not asleep.
4 For if God did not spare 9angels when they sinned, but 10cast them into hell[a] and committed them to chains[b] of gloomy darkness 11to be kept until the judgment;
5 if he did not spare the ancient world, but 12preserved Noah, a herald of righteousness, with seven others, when he brought 13a flood upon the world of the ungodly;
6 if by 14turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah to ashes he condemned them to extinction, 15making them an example of 16what is going to happen to the ungodly;[c]
7 and 17if he rescued righteous Lot, greatly distressed by the sensual conduct of the wicked
8 (for as that righteous man lived among them day after day, 18he was tormenting his righteous soul over their lawless deeds that he saw and heard);
9 then 19the Lord knows how to rescue the godly from trials,[d] and to keep the unrighteous under punishment until the day of judgment,
10 and especially 20those who indulge in the lust of defiling passion and 21despise authority. Bold and willful, they do not tremble 22as they blaspheme the glorious ones,
11 23whereas angels, though greater in might and power, do not pronounce a blasphemous judgment against them before the Lord.
12 24But these, like irrational animals, 25creatures of instinct, born to be caught and destroyed, blaspheming about matters of which they are ignorant, will also be destroyed in their destruction,
13 suffering wrong as 26the wage for their wrongdoing. They count it pleasure 27to revel in the daytime. They are blots and blemishes, reveling in their deceptions,[e] while 28they feast with you.
14 They have eyes full of adultery, 29insatiable for sin. They entice unsteady souls. They have hearts 30trained in greed. 31Accursed children!
15 Forsaking the right way, 32they have gone astray. They have followed 33the way of Balaam, the son of Beor, who loved 34gain from wrongdoing,
16 but was rebuked for his own transgression; 35a speechless donkey spoke with human voice and restrained the prophet's madness.
17 36These are waterless springs and mists driven by a storm. 37For them the gloom of utter darkness has been reserved.
18 For, 38speaking loud boasts of folly, they entice by sensual passions of the flesh those who are barely 39escaping from those who live in error.
19 They promise them 40freedom, 41but they themselves are slaves[f] of corruption. For whatever overcomes a person, to that he is enslaved.
20 For if, 42after they have escaped the defilements of the world 43through the knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, they are again entangled in them and overcome, 44the last state has become worse for them than the first.
21 For 45it would have been better for them never to have known the way of righteousness than after knowing it to turn back from 46the holy commandment delivered to them.
22 What the true proverb says has happened to them: "The 47dog returns to its own vomit, and the sow, after washing herself, returns to wallow in the mire."

2 Peter 2 Commentary

Chapter 2

Believers are cautioned against false teachers, and the certainty of their punishment shown from examples. (1-9) An account of these seducers, as exceedingly wicked. (10-16) But as making high pretences to liberty and purity. (17-22)

Verses 1-9 Though the way of error is a hurtful way, many are always ready to walk therein. Let us take care we give no occasion to the enemy to blaspheme the holy name whereby we are called, or to speak evil of the way of salvation by Jesus Christ, who is the Way, the Truth, and the Life. These seducers used feigned words, they deceived the hearts of their followers. Such are condemned already, and the wrath of God abides upon them. God's usual method of proceeding is shown by examples. Angels were cast down from all their glory and dignity, for their disobedience. If creatures sin, even in heaven, they must suffer in hell. Sin is the work of darkness, and darkness is the wages of sin. See how God dealt with the old world. The number of offenders no more procures favour, than their quality. If the sin be universal, the punishment shall likewise extend to all. If in a fruitful soil the people abound in sin, God can at once turn a fruitful land into barrenness, and a well-watered country into ashes. No plans or politics can keep off judgments from a sinful people. He who keeps fire and water from hurting his people, ( Isaiah 43:2 ) , can make either destroy his enemies; they are never safe. When God sends destruction on the ungodly, he commands deliverance for the righteous. In bad company we cannot but get either guilt or grief. Let the sins of others be troubles to us. Yet it is possible for the children of the Lord, living among the most profane, to retain their integrity; there being more power in the grace of Christ, and his dwelling in them, than in the temptations of Satan, or the example of the wicked, with all their terrors or allurements. In our intentions and inclinations to commit sin, we meet with strange hinderances, if we mark them When we intend mischief, God sends many stops to hinder us, as if to say, Take heed what you do. His wisdom and power will surely effect the purposes of his love, and the engagements of his truth; while wicked men often escape suffering here, because they are kept to the day of judgment, to be punished with the devil and his angels.

Verses 10-16 Impure seducers and their abandoned followers, give themselves up to their own fleshly minds. Refusing to bring every thought to the obedience of Christ, they act against God's righteous precepts. They walk after the flesh, they go on in sinful courses, and increase to greater degrees of impurity and wickedness. They also despise those whom God has set in authority over them, and requires them to honour. Outward temporal good things are the wages sinners expect and promise themselves. And none have more cause to tremble, than those who are bold to gratify their sinful lusts, by presuming on the Divine grace and mercy. Many such there have been, and are, who speak lightly of the restraints of God's law, and deem themselves freed from obligations to obey it. Let Christians stand at a distance from such.

Verses 17-22 The word of truth is the water of life, which refreshes the souls that receive it; but deceivers spread and promote error, and are set forth as empty, because there is no truth in them. As clouds hinder the light of the sun, so do these darken counsel by words wherein there is no truth. Seeing that these men increase darkness in this world, it is very just that the mist ofdarkness should be their portion in the next. In the midst of their talk of liberty, these men are the vilest slaves; their own lusts gain a complete victory over them, and they are actually in bondage. When men are entangled, they are easily overcome; therefore Christians should keep close to the word of God, and watch against all who seek to bewilder them. A state of apostacy is worse than a state of ignorance. To bring an evil report upon the good way of God, and a false charge against the way of truth, must expose to the heaviest condemnation. How dreadful is the state here described! Yet though such a case is deplorable, it is not utterly hopeless; the leper may be made clean, and even the dead may be raised. Is thy backsliding a grief to thee? Believe in the Lord Jesus, and thou shalt be saved.

Cross References 47

  • 1. Deuteronomy 13:1; See Matthew 7:15
  • 2. Acts 20:30; 2 Corinthians 11:13; 1 Timothy 4:1; [Matthew 24:11]
  • 3. Jude 4; [Matthew 10:33; Galatians 2:4]
  • 4. 1 Corinthians 6:20; 1 Corinthians 7:23; Galatians 3:13; Galatians 4:5; Revelation 5:9; [Exodus 15:16; 1 Peter 1:18; Revelation 14:3, 4]
  • 5. Romans 2:24
  • 6. [2 Corinthians 12:17, 18; 1 Timothy 6:5; Titus 1:11]
  • 7. Romans 16:18; Colossians 2:4
  • 8. [Deuteronomy 32:35; Philippians 3:19]
  • 9. Jude 6
  • 10. [Rev. 20:2, 3, 10]
  • 11. Matthew 25:41
  • 12. See 1 Peter 3:20
  • 13. 2 Peter 3:6; Job 22:16
  • 14. See Genesis 19:24
  • 15. [Numbers 26:10]
  • 16. Jude 15
  • 17. Genesis 19:16
  • 18. Psalms 119:136, 158; [Ezekiel 9:4]
  • 19. 1 Corinthians 10:13; Revelation 3:10
  • 20. Jude 16, 18
  • 21. Jude 8; [Exodus 22:28]
  • 22. Jude 8; [Exodus 22:28]
  • 23. Jude 9
  • 24. Jude 10
  • 25. [Jeremiah 12:3; Philippians 3:19]
  • 26. ver. 15
  • 27. [Romans 13:13; 1 Thessalonians 5:7]; See James 5:5
  • 28. [1 Corinthians 11:21]
  • 29. [1 Peter 4:1]
  • 30. ver. 3; [1 Timothy 4:7]
  • 31. [Ephesians 2:3]
  • 32. Ezekiel 14:11
  • 33. Numbers 22:5, 7; Deuteronomy 23:4; Nehemiah 13:2; Jude 11; Revelation 2:14
  • 34. ver. 13
  • 35. Num. 22:21, 23, 28
  • 36. Jude 12
  • 37. Jude 13
  • 38. Jude 16
  • 39. ver. 20; 2 Peter 1:4
  • 40. Galatians 5:13; See James 1:25
  • 41. John 8:34; Romans 6:16
  • 42. ver. 18
  • 43. See 2 Peter 1:2
  • 44. Matthew 12:45
  • 45. [Ezekiel 18:24; Luke 12:47; Hebrews 6:4-6; Hebrews 10:26, 27; James 4:17]
  • 46. Romans 7:12
  • 47. Proverbs 26:11

Footnotes 6

  • [a]. Greek Tartarus
  • [b]. Some manuscripts pits
  • [c]. Some manuscripts an example to those who were to be ungodly
  • [d]. Or temptations
  • [e]. Some manuscripts love feasts
  • [f]. Greek bondservants

Chapter Summary


This chapter contains a description of false teachers, that were then in Christian churches, as there had been false prophets among the Jews; and they are described by the doctrines, which they privily introduced; in general, damnable heresies; in particular, denying the Lord that bought them; and by their success, having many followers of them in their pernicious ways; and by the sad effects following hereupon; with respect to the way of truth, that was blasphemed; with respect to their hearers, they, through the covetousness of these false teachers, were made merchandise of; and with respect to themselves, swift and sure destruction would be brought upon them, 2Pe 2:1-3, which is illustrated and confirmed by the instances of punishment in the angels, the men of the old world, and the inhabitants of Sodom and Gomorrah, 2Pe 2:4-8 and whereas, in these instances, notice is taken of the deliverance of some righteous persons, as Noah and Lot, when wicked men were destroyed; the apostle draws this conclusion from the whole, that the Lord knows both how to deliver the saints out of afflictions, and to reserve wicked men until the day of judgment, then to be punished, 2Pe 2:9, especially such shall be then punished, who are described by their impure course of lift, their contempt of civil government, and their presumption and selfwill, 2Pe 1:10 which sins of theirs are aggravated by the different conduct of angels, superior to them; and by their being like brute beasts, as ignorant as they, and even below them; whose punishment will be to perish in their corruption, as the just reward of their unrighteousness, since they are open in sin, take pleasure in it, and sport themselves with it, and are spots and blemishes in Christian societies, 2Pe 2:11-13 and these, who are no other than the false teachers before spoken of, are further described by their adulterous eyes, which cannot cease from sin; by their beguiling unstable souls; by the covetous practices their hearts were exercised with; by their just desert, cursed children; by the course they steer, forsaking the right way, going astray from it, and following the way of Balaam in his covetousness, and other wicked practices, for which he was reproved by his ass; and by various metaphors, which express the emptiness of these persons, and which also point at their destruction, and describe their boasts and brags, and the influence they have, through their lasciviousness and uncleanness, on some persons, who have been outwardly reformed, 2Pe 2:14-18 and this they obtain over them in a very stupid and senseless way, by promising them liberty, when through being overcome by them, and drawn into sin, they were brought into bondage, and become servants of corruption; and so their case is worse than it was before their reformation, and profession of religion; and better it would have been not to have had the knowledge they had, than after it to turn from the paths of truth and holiness, which is illustrated by a true Scripture proverb, which expresses the filthy nature of sin, the character of these men, and their irrecoverable state and condition, 2Pe 2:19-22.

2 Peter 2 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.