Acts 7:2-52

2 And Stephen said: 1"Brothers and fathers, hear me. 2The God 3of glory appeared to our father Abraham when he was in Mesopotamia, 4before he lived in Haran,
3 and said to him, 5'Go out from your land and from your kindred and go into the land that I will show you.'
4 6Then he went out from the land of the Chaldeans and lived in Haran. And 7after his father died, 8God removed him from there into this land in which you are now living.
5 Yet he gave him no inheritance in it, not even a foot's length, but promised 9to give it to him as a possession and to his offspring after him, 10though he had no child.
6 And God spoke to this effect--that 11his offspring would 12be sojourners in a land belonging to others, who would enslave them and afflict them 13four hundred years.
7 'But 14I will judge the nation that they serve,' said God, 'and after that they shall come out 15and worship me in this place.'
8 And 16he gave him the covenant of circumcision. And 17so Abraham became the father of Isaac, and 18circumcised him on the eighth day, and 19Isaac became the father of Jacob, and 20Jacob of the twelve patriarchs.
9 "And the patriarchs, 21jealous of Joseph, 22sold him into Egypt; but 23God was with him
10 and rescued him out of all his afflictions and 24gave him favor and wisdom before Pharaoh, king of Egypt, 25who made him ruler over Egypt and over all his household.
11 Now 26there came a famine throughout all Egypt and Canaan, and great affliction, and our fathers could find no food.
12 27But when Jacob heard that there was grain in Egypt, he sent out our fathers on their first visit.
13 And 28on the second visit 29Joseph made himself known to his brothers, and 30Joseph's family became known to Pharaoh.
14 And 31Joseph sent and summoned Jacob his father and all his kindred, 32seventy-five persons in all.
15 And 33Jacob went down into Egypt, and 34he died, he 35and our fathers,
16 and 36they were carried back to Shechem and laid in the tomb that 37Abraham had bought for a sum of silver from the sons of Hamor in Shechem.
17 "But 38as the time of the promise drew near, which God had granted to Abraham, 39the people increased and multiplied in Egypt
18 until there arose over Egypt another king 40who did not know Joseph.
19 41He dealt shrewdly with our race and forced our fathers to expose their infants, 42so that they would not be kept alive.
20 43At this time Moses was born; and he was beautiful in God's sight. And he was brought up for three months in his father's house,
21 and 44when he was exposed, Pharaoh's daughter adopted him and brought him up as her own son.
22 And Moses 45was instructed in 46all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and he was 47mighty in his words and deeds.
23 "When he was forty years old, it came into his heart 48to visit his brothers, the children of Israel.
24 And seeing one of them being wronged, he defended the oppressed man and avenged him by striking down the Egyptian.
25 He supposed that his brothers would understand that God was giving them salvation by his hand, but they did not understand.
26 49And on the following day he appeared to them as they were quarreling and tried to reconcile them, saying, 'Men, you are brothers. Why do you wrong each other?'
27 But the man who was wronging his neighbor thrust him aside, saying, 50'Who made you a ruler and a judge over us?
28 Do you want to kill me as you killed the Egyptian yesterday?'
29 At this retort 51Moses fled and became an exile in the land of Midian, 52where he became the father of two sons.
30 "Now when forty years had passed, 53an angel appeared to him 54in the wilderness of Mount Sinai, in a flame of fire in a bush.
31 When Moses saw it, he was amazed at the sight, and as he drew near to look, there came the voice of the Lord:
32 55'I am the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham and of Isaac and of Jacob.' And Moses trembled and did not dare to look.
33 Then the Lord said to him, 56'Take off the sandals from your feet, for the place where you are standing is holy ground.
34 57I have surely seen the affliction of my people who are in Egypt, and 58have heard their groaning, and 59I have come down to deliver them. 60And now come, I will send you to Egypt.'
35 "This Moses, whom they rejected, 61saying, 'Who made you a ruler and a judge?'--this man God sent as both ruler and redeemer 62by the hand of the angel who appeared to him in the bush.
36 63This man led them out, performing 64wonders and signs 65in Egypt and 66at the Red Sea and 67in the wilderness for 68forty years.
37 This is the Moses who said to the Israelites, 'God will raise up for you 69a prophet like me from your brothers.'
38 This is the one 70who was in the congregation in the wilderness with 71the angel who spoke to him at Mount Sinai, and with our fathers. 72He received 73living 74oracles to give to us.
39 Our fathers refused to obey him, but thrust him aside, and 75in their hearts they turned to Egypt,
40 saying to Aaron, 76'Make for us gods who will go before us. As for this Moses who led us out from the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.'
41 And 77they made a calf in those days, and offered a sacrifice to the idol and 78were rejoicing in 79the works of their hands.
42 But 80God turned away and 81gave them over to worship 82the host of heaven, as it is written in the book of the prophets: 83"'Did you bring to me slain beasts and sacrifices, 84during the forty years in the wilderness, O house of Israel?
43 You took up the tent of 85Moloch and the star of your god Rephan, the images that you made to worship; and I will send you into exile beyond Babylon.'
44 "Our fathers had 86the tent of witness in the wilderness, just as he who spoke to Moses 87directed him to make it, according to the pattern that he had seen.
45 Our fathers in turn 88brought it in with Joshua when they 89dispossessed the nations 90that God drove out before our fathers. So it was 91until the days of David,
46 92who found favor in the sight of God and 93asked to find a dwelling place for 94the God of Jacob.[a]
47 But it was 95Solomon who built a house for him.
48 96Yet the Most High does not dwell 97in houses made by hands, as the prophet says,
49 98"'Heaven is my throne, 99and the earth is my footstool. What kind of house will you build for me, says the Lord, or what is the place of my rest?
50 Did not my hand make all these things?'
51 100"You stiff-necked people, 101uncircumcised in heart and ears, you always resist the Holy Spirit. 102As your fathers did, so do you.
52 103Which of the prophets did your fathers not persecute? And they killed those who announced beforehand the coming of 104the Righteous One, 105whom you have now betrayed and murdered,

Acts 7:2-52 In-Context

1 And the high priest said, "Are these things so?"
2 And Stephen said: "Brothers and fathers, hear me. The God of glory appeared to our father Abraham when he was in Mesopotamia, before he lived in Haran,
3 and said to him, 'Go out from your land and from your kindred and go into the land that I will show you.'
4 Then he went out from the land of the Chaldeans and lived in Haran. And after his father died, God removed him from there into this land in which you are now living.
5 Yet he gave him no inheritance in it, not even a foot's length, but promised to give it to him as a possession and to his offspring after him, though he had no child.
6 And God spoke to this effect--that his offspring would be sojourners in a land belonging to others, who would enslave them and afflict them four hundred years.
7 'But I will judge the nation that they serve,' said God, 'and after that they shall come out and worship me in this place.'
8 And he gave him the covenant of circumcision. And so Abraham became the father of Isaac, and circumcised him on the eighth day, and Isaac became the father of Jacob, and Jacob of the twelve patriarchs.
9 "And the patriarchs, jealous of Joseph, sold him into Egypt; but God was with him
10 and rescued him out of all his afflictions and gave him favor and wisdom before Pharaoh, king of Egypt, who made him ruler over Egypt and over all his household.
11 Now there came a famine throughout all Egypt and Canaan, and great affliction, and our fathers could find no food.
12 But when Jacob heard that there was grain in Egypt, he sent out our fathers on their first visit.
13 And on the second visit Joseph made himself known to his brothers, and Joseph's family became known to Pharaoh.
14 And Joseph sent and summoned Jacob his father and all his kindred, seventy-five persons in all.
15 And Jacob went down into Egypt, and he died, he and our fathers,
16 and they were carried back to Shechem and laid in the tomb that Abraham had bought for a sum of silver from the sons of Hamor in Shechem.
17 "But as the time of the promise drew near, which God had granted to Abraham, the people increased and multiplied in Egypt
18 until there arose over Egypt another king who did not know Joseph.
19 He dealt shrewdly with our race and forced our fathers to expose their infants, so that they would not be kept alive.
20 At this time Moses was born; and he was beautiful in God's sight. And he was brought up for three months in his father's house,
21 and when he was exposed, Pharaoh's daughter adopted him and brought him up as her own son.
22 And Moses was instructed in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and he was mighty in his words and deeds.
23 "When he was forty years old, it came into his heart to visit his brothers, the children of Israel.
24 And seeing one of them being wronged, he defended the oppressed man and avenged him by striking down the Egyptian.
25 He supposed that his brothers would understand that God was giving them salvation by his hand, but they did not understand.
26 And on the following day he appeared to them as they were quarreling and tried to reconcile them, saying, 'Men, you are brothers. Why do you wrong each other?'
27 But the man who was wronging his neighbor thrust him aside, saying, 'Who made you a ruler and a judge over us?
28 Do you want to kill me as you killed the Egyptian yesterday?'
29 At this retort Moses fled and became an exile in the land of Midian, where he became the father of two sons.
30 "Now when forty years had passed, an angel appeared to him in the wilderness of Mount Sinai, in a flame of fire in a bush.
31 When Moses saw it, he was amazed at the sight, and as he drew near to look, there came the voice of the Lord:
32 'I am the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham and of Isaac and of Jacob.' And Moses trembled and did not dare to look.
33 Then the Lord said to him, 'Take off the sandals from your feet, for the place where you are standing is holy ground.
34 I have surely seen the affliction of my people who are in Egypt, and have heard their groaning, and I have come down to deliver them. And now come, I will send you to Egypt.'
35 "This Moses, whom they rejected, saying, 'Who made you a ruler and a judge?'--this man God sent as both ruler and redeemer by the hand of the angel who appeared to him in the bush.
36 This man led them out, performing wonders and signs in Egypt and at the Red Sea and in the wilderness for forty years.
37 This is the Moses who said to the Israelites, 'God will raise up for you a prophet like me from your brothers.'
38 This is the one who was in the congregation in the wilderness with the angel who spoke to him at Mount Sinai, and with our fathers. He received living oracles to give to us.
39 Our fathers refused to obey him, but thrust him aside, and in their hearts they turned to Egypt,
40 saying to Aaron, 'Make for us gods who will go before us. As for this Moses who led us out from the land of Egypt, we do not know what has become of him.'
41 And they made a calf in those days, and offered a sacrifice to the idol and were rejoicing in the works of their hands.
42 But God turned away and gave them over to worship the host of heaven, as it is written in the book of the prophets: "'Did you bring to me slain beasts and sacrifices, during the forty years in the wilderness, O house of Israel?
43 You took up the tent of Moloch and the star of your god Rephan, the images that you made to worship; and I will send you into exile beyond Babylon.'
44 "Our fathers had the tent of witness in the wilderness, just as he who spoke to Moses directed him to make it, according to the pattern that he had seen.
45 Our fathers in turn brought it in with Joshua when they dispossessed the nations that God drove out before our fathers. So it was until the days of David,
46 who found favor in the sight of God and asked to find a dwelling place for the God of Jacob.
47 But it was Solomon who built a house for him.
48 Yet the Most High does not dwell in houses made by hands, as the prophet says,
49 "'Heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool. What kind of house will you build for me, says the Lord, or what is the place of my rest?
50 Did not my hand make all these things?'
51 "You stiff-necked people, uncircumcised in heart and ears, you always resist the Holy Spirit. As your fathers did, so do you.
52 Which of the prophets did your fathers not persecute? And they killed those who announced beforehand the coming of the Righteous One, whom you have now betrayed and murdered,
53 you who received the law as delivered by angels and did not keep it."
54 Now when they heard these things they were enraged, and they ground their teeth at him.
55 But he, full of the Holy Spirit, gazed into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God.

Cross References 105

  • 1. Acts 22:1
  • 2. [Genesis 15:7; Joshua 24:3; Nehemiah 9:7]
  • 3. Psalms 29:3; [1 Corinthians 2:8; James 2:1]
  • 4. Genesis 11:31
  • 5. Cited from Genesis 12:1
  • 6. [See ver. 2 above]
  • 7. Genesis 11:32
  • 8. Genesis 12:4, 5
  • 9. Genesis 12:7; Genesis 13:15; Genesis 15:18; Genesis 17:8; Genesis 48:4; Hebrews 11:8, 9
  • 10. Genesis 15:3; Genesis 18:10
  • 11. Cited from Genesis 15:13, 14
  • 12. [Exodus 2:22; Hebrews 11:9]
  • 13. ver. 17; See Exodus 12:40
  • 14. [Jeremiah 25:12; Jeremiah 30:20]
  • 15. [Exodus 3:12]
  • 16. Genesis 17:9-12
  • 17. Genesis 21:2-4
  • 18. See Luke 1:59
  • 19. Genesis 25:26
  • 20. Genesis 29:31-35; Genesis 30:5-24; Genesis 35:18, 23-26
  • 21. Genesis 37:11
  • 22. Genesis 37:28; Genesis 45:4; Psalms 105:17
  • 23. Gen. 39:2, 21, 23
  • 24. Genesis 41:37-40
  • 25. Gen. 41:41, 43, 46; Genesis 42:6; Psalms 105:21
  • 26. Genesis 41:54, 55; Genesis 42:5; Psalms 105:16
  • 27. Genesis 42:1-3
  • 28. Genesis 43:2-15
  • 29. Genesis 45:1-4
  • 30. Genesis 45:16
  • 31. Gen. 45:9, 10, 27
  • 32. [Genesis 46:26, 27; Exodus 1:5; Deuteronomy 10:22]
  • 33. Genesis 46:5, 28; Psalms 105:23
  • 34. Genesis 49:33
  • 35. Exodus 1:6
  • 36. Genesis 50:25; Exodus 13:19; Joshua 24:32
  • 37. [Gen. 23:16 with Gen. 33:19; Joshua 24:32]
  • 38. ver. 5-7
  • 39. Acts 13:17; Exodus 1:7, 12; Psalms 105:24
  • 40. Cited from Exodus 1:8
  • 41. Exodus 1:9, 10; Psalms 105:25
  • 42. Ex. 1:16-18, 22
  • 43. Exodus 2:2; Hebrews 11:23
  • 44. Exodus 2:3-10
  • 45. [Daniel 1:4, 17]
  • 46. 1 Kings 4:30; [Isaiah 19:11]
  • 47. [Luke 24:19]
  • 48. Exodus 2:11, 12
  • 49. Exodus 2:13, 14
  • 50. ver. 35; [Luke 12:14]
  • 51. Exodus 2:15
  • 52. Exodus 2:22; Exodus 18:3, 4
  • 53. Exodus 3:2
  • 54. [Exodus 3:1]
  • 55. Cited from Exodus 3:6
  • 56. Exodus 3:5; Joshua 5:15
  • 57. Exodus 3:7
  • 58. Exodus 2:24
  • 59. Exodus 3:8
  • 60. Exodus 3:10
  • 61. ver. 27
  • 62. [Exodus 3:2; Exodus 14:19; Exodus 23:20; Numbers 20:16]
  • 63. Exodus 12:41; Exodus 33:1; Hebrews 8:9
  • 64. Exodus 7:3
  • 65. Ex. 7-12; Psalms 78:43-51; Psalms 105:27-36
  • 66. Ex. 14:21, 27-31; Psalms 78:53; Psalms 106:9
  • 67. Exodus 16:1, 35; Exodus 17:1-6; Psalms 78:15
  • 68. ver. 42; Acts 13:18; Exodus 16:35; Numbers 14:33, 34; Psalms 95:10; Hebrews 3:10, 17
  • 69. Acts 3:22; Cited from Deuteronomy 18:15
  • 70. Ex. 19:3, 17, 18
  • 71. [ver. 53; Isaiah 63:9]
  • 72. Deuteronomy 5:27, 31; Deuteronomy 33:4; See John 1:17
  • 73. [Deuteronomy 32:47]
  • 74. Romans 3:2; Hebrews 5:12; 1 Peter 4:11
  • 75. Exodus 16:3; Numbers 11:4, 5; Numbers 14:3, 4; Ezekiel 20:8, 24
  • 76. Cited from Exodus 32:1, 23
  • 77. Ex. 32:4-6, 35; Deuteronomy 9:16; Psalms 106:19
  • 78. Amos 6:13
  • 79. Isaiah 2:8; Jeremiah 1:16; Jeremiah 25:6, 7
  • 80. [Joshua 24:20; Isaiah 63:10]
  • 81. Psalms 81:12; Ezekiel 20:39; Romans 1:28
  • 82. Deuteronomy 4:19; 2 Kings 17:16; 2 Kings 21:3; 2 Kings 23:5; Jeremiah 19:13; Zephaniah 1:5
  • 83. Cited from Amos 5:25-27
  • 84. See ver. 36
  • 85. See 1 Kings 11:7
  • 86. Revelation 15:5; See Exodus 38:21
  • 87. See Exodus 25:40
  • 88. Joshua 3:14-17
  • 89. Numbers 32:5; Deuteronomy 32:49
  • 90. Acts 13:19; Joshua 3:10; Joshua 23:9; Joshua 24:18; 2 Chronicles 20:7
  • 91. 2 Samuel 7:1
  • 92. Acts 13:22; 1 Samuel 16:1; Psalms 89:19
  • 93. 1 Kings 8:17; 1 Chronicles 22:7; Psalms 132:5
  • 94. [Genesis 49:24; Isaiah 49:26]
  • 95. 2 Samuel 7:13; 1 Kings 6:1, 2; 1 Kings 8:20; 2 Chronicles 3:1
  • 96. [1 Kings 8:27; 2 Chronicles 2:6]
  • 97. Acts 17:24
  • 98. [Psalms 11:4]
  • 99. Matthew 5:34, 35; Cited from Isaiah 66:1, 2
  • 100. Deuteronomy 10:16; See Exodus 32:9
  • 101. Leviticus 26:41; Jeremiah 6:10; Jeremiah 9:26; Ezekiel 44:7, 9
  • 102. Malachi 3:7
  • 103. 1 Kings 19:10; 2 Chronicles 36:16; Jeremiah 2:30; Matthew 23:31, 37; See Matthew 5:12; Matthew 21:35
  • 104. See Acts 3:14
  • 105. See Acts 5:28

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Some manuscripts for the house of Jacob
The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.