Acts 7:10

10 and rescued him out of all his afflictions and 1gave him favor and wisdom before Pharaoh, king of Egypt, 2who made him ruler over Egypt and over all his household.

Acts 7:10 Meaning and Commentary

Acts 7:10

And delivered him out of all his afflictions
From the evil designs of his mistress, and from all the miseries of a prison:

and gave him favour and wisdom in the sight of Pharaoh king of
Egypt;
so Justin in the place above cited says, that Joseph was very dear to the king; but not through his knowledge of magic arts, as he suggests, but on account of the wisdom which God gave him; for when he is said to have favour and wisdom in the sight of Pharaoh, the meaning is, that he was highly esteemed of by him, because of the wisdom he saw in him; and both the favour he had with him, and the wisdom he had in himself, were from the Lord; and in a very humble and modest manner does he speak of himself, in ( Genesis 41:16 ) which Onkelos the Targumist paraphrases thus:

``"not from my wisdom", but from the Lord, shall the peace of Pharaoh be answered;''

the name of this Pharaoh was Misphragmuthosis; by the Jews he is called Rian ben Walid F15:

and he made him governor over Egypt:
a deputy governor under him; for Pharaoh kept the throne, and in it was greater than Joseph, and had the other ensigns of royalty, and Joseph rode in the second chariot to him:

and all his house;
see ( Genesis 41:40 Genesis 41:41 Genesis 41:43 ) as he had the affairs of the kingdom committed to him, so likewise the domestic affairs of Pharaoh, he was steward of his household.


FOOTNOTES:

F15 Juchasin, fol. 135. 2.

Acts 7:10 In-Context

8 And he gave him the covenant of circumcision. And so Abraham became the father of Isaac, and circumcised him on the eighth day, and Isaac became the father of Jacob, and Jacob of the twelve patriarchs.
9 "And the patriarchs, jealous of Joseph, sold him into Egypt; but God was with him
10 and rescued him out of all his afflictions and gave him favor and wisdom before Pharaoh, king of Egypt, who made him ruler over Egypt and over all his household.
11 Now there came a famine throughout all Egypt and Canaan, and great affliction, and our fathers could find no food.
12 But when Jacob heard that there was grain in Egypt, he sent out our fathers on their first visit.

Cross References 2

  • 1. Genesis 41:37-40
  • 2. Gen. 41:41, 43, 46; Genesis 42:6; Psalms 105:21