Exodus 1:13

13 So they ruthlessly made the people of Israel 1work as slaves

Exodus 1:13 Meaning and Commentary

Exodus 1:13

And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve
with rigour.
Or with breach F3, with what might tend to break their strength; they laid heavier burdens upon them, obliged them to harder service, used them more cruelly and with greater fierceness, adding to their hard service ill words, and perhaps blows.


F3 (Krpb) "in fractione", Cajetan. apud Rivet.

Exodus 1:13 In-Context

11 Therefore they set taskmasters over them to afflict them with heavy burdens. They built for Pharaoh store cities, Pithom and Raamses.
12 But the more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied and the more they spread abroad. And the Egyptians were in dread of the people of Israel.
13 So they ruthlessly made the people of Israel work as slaves
14 and made their lives bitter with hard service, in mortar and brick, and in all kinds of work in the field. In all their work they ruthlessly made them work as slaves.
15 Then the king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives, one of whom was named Shiphrah and the other Puah,

Cross References 1

  • 1. See Exodus 5:7-19
The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.