Ezekiel 13

Listen to Ezekiel 13

False Prophets Condemned

1 The word of the LORD came to me:
2 1"Son of man, prophesy against the prophets of Israel, who are prophesying, and say to those 2who prophesy from their own hearts: 'Hear the word of the LORD!'
3 Thus says the Lord GOD, Woe to the foolish prophets who follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing!
4 Your prophets have been like jackals among ruins, O Israel.
5 3You have not gone up into the breaches, or built up a wall for the house of Israel, that it might stand in battle in the day of the LORD.
6 4They have seen false visions and lying divinations. They say, 'Declares the LORD,'5when the LORD has not sent them, and yet they expect him to fulfill their word.
7 Have you not seen a false vision and uttered a lying divination, 6whenever you have said, 'Declares the LORD,' although I have not spoken?"
8 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: "Because you have uttered falsehood and seen lying visions, therefore behold, 7I am against you, declares the Lord GOD.
9 My hand will be against the prophets who see false visions and who give lying divinations. They shall not be in the council of my people, 8nor be enrolled in the register of the house of Israel, 9nor shall they enter the land of Israel. 10And you shall know that I am the Lord GOD.
10 Precisely because they have misled my people, 11saying, 'Peace,' when there is no peace, and because, when the people build a wall, 12these prophets smear it with whitewash,[a]
11 say to those who smear it with whitewash that it shall fall! 13There will be a deluge of rain, and you, O great hailstones, will fall, and a stormy wind break out.
12 And when the wall falls, will it not be said to you, 'Where is the coating with which you smeared it?'
13 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: 14I will make a stormy wind break out in my wrath, 15and there shall be a deluge of rain in my anger, and great hailstones in wrath to make a full end.
14 And I will break down the wall that you have smeared with whitewash, and bring it down to the ground, so that its foundation will be laid bare. When it falls, you shall perish in the midst of it, 16and you shall know that I am the LORD.
15 Thus will I spend my wrath upon the wall and upon those who have smeared it with whitewash, and I will say to you, The wall is no more, nor those who smeared it,
16 the prophets of Israel who prophesied concerning Jerusalem 17and saw visions of peace for her, when there was no peace, declares the Lord GOD.
17 "And you, son of man, 18set your face against 19the daughters of your people, 20who prophesy out of their own minds. Prophesy against them
18 and say, Thus says the Lord GOD: Woe to the women 21who sew magic bands upon all wrists, and 22make veils for the heads of persons of every stature, in 23the hunt for souls! Will you hunt down souls belonging to my people and keep your own souls alive?
19 You have profaned me among my people 24for handfuls of barley 25and for pieces of bread, putting to death souls who should not die and keeping alive souls who should not live, by your lying to my people, who listen to lies.
20 "Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: Behold, 26I am against 27your magic bands with which you hunt the souls like birds, and I will tear them from your arms, and I will let the souls whom you hunt go free, the souls like birds.
21 Your veils also I will tear off and 28deliver my people out of your hand, and they shall be no more in your hand as prey, 29and you shall know that I am the LORD.
22 30Because you have disheartened the righteous falsely, although I have not grieved him, and 31you have encouraged the wicked, that 32he should not turn from his evil way to save his life,
23 33therefore you shall no more see false visions nor practice divination. I will deliver my people out of your hand. And you shall know that I am the LORD."

Ezekiel 13 Commentary

Chapter 13

Heavy judgments against lying prophets. (1-9) The insufficiency of their work. (10-16) Woes against false prophetesses. (17-23)

Verses 1-9 Where God gives a warrant to do any thing, he gives wisdom. What they delivered was not what they had seen or heard, as that is which the ministers of Christ deliver. They were not praying prophets, had no intercourse with Heaven; they contrived how to please people, not how to do them good; they stood not against sin. They flattered people into vain hopes. Such widen the breach, by causing men to think themselves deserving of eternal life, when the wrath of God abides upon them.

Verses 10-16 One false prophet built the wall, set up the notion that Jerusalem should be victorious, and made himself acceptable by it. Others made the matter yet more plausible and promising; they daubed the wall which the first had built; but they would, ere long, be undeceived when their work was beaten down by the storm of God's just wrath; when the Chaldean army desolated the land. Hopes of peace and happiness, not warranted by the word of God, will cheat men; like a wall well daubed, but ill built.

Verses 17-23 It is ill with those who had rather hear pleasing lies than unpleasing truths. The false prophetesses tried to make people secure, signified by laying them at ease, and to make them proud, signified by the finery laid on their heads. They shall be confounded in their attempts, and God's people shall be delivered out of their hands. It behoves Christians to keep close to the word of God, and in every thing to seek the teaching of the Holy Spirit. Let us so trust the promises of God as to keep his commandments.

Cross References 33

  • 1. See Ezekiel 2:1
  • 2. ver. 17; Jeremiah 23:16, 26
  • 3. Ezekiel 22:30; Psalms 106:23; [Psalms 80:12; Isaiah 5:5; Isaiah 58:12]
  • 4. ver. 23; Ezekiel 12:24; Ezekiel 21:29; Ezekiel 22:28; Jeremiah 5:31
  • 5. See Jeremiah 14:14
  • 6. Jeremiah 23:21
  • 7. Ezekiel 5:8; Ezekiel 21:3; Ezekiel 26:3; Ezekiel 28:22; Ezekiel 29:3; Ezekiel 30:22; Ezekiel 34:10; Ezekiel 35:3; Ezekiel 38:3; Jeremiah 21:13
  • 8. [Ezra 2:59, 62; Nehemiah 7:5; Psalms 69:28; Psalms 87:6]
  • 9. Ezekiel 20:38
  • 10. See Ezekiel 6:7
  • 11. ver. 16; Jeremiah 6:14; Micah 3:5
  • 12. Ezekiel 22:28
  • 13. Ezekiel 38:22; Isaiah 28:2, 17; [Isaiah 30:13]
  • 14. [See ver. 11 above]
  • 15. [See ver. 11 above]
  • 16. See Ezekiel 6:7
  • 17. [See ver. 10 above]
  • 18. See Ezekiel 6:2
  • 19. [Exodus 15:20; Judges 4:4; 2 Kings 22:14]
  • 20. ver. 2
  • 21. ver. 20
  • 22. ver. 21
  • 23. ver. 20
  • 24. [Micah 3:5]
  • 25. [Proverbs 28:21]
  • 26. See ver. 8
  • 27. ver. 18
  • 28. [Ezekiel 34:10]
  • 29. See Ezekiel 6:7
  • 30. [Jeremiah 14:14]; See Jeremiah 28:15
  • 31. Jeremiah 23:14
  • 32. See Ezekiel 18:21
  • 33. See ver. 6, 7, 9

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Or plaster; also verses 11, 14, 15

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO EZEKIEL 13

It being said in Eze 12:24; that there should be no more a vain vision, nor a flattering divination; the prophet is ordered to prophesy against the false prophets and prophetesses, Eze 13:1,2,17; the former are described as prophesying out of their own hearts, Eze 13:2; as foolish ones, following their own spirit, and seeing nothing, Eze 13:3; they are compared to foxes in the deserts, Eze 13:4; and are represented as unconcerned to stand in the gap for the people, Eze 13:5; and as seeing vanity and lying divination; wherefore the Lord was against them, Eze 13:6-8; what they are threatened with are, that they should not be in the assembly of God's people; nor written in the writing of the house of Israel; nor enter into the land of Israel, Eze 13:9; the reason of which was, because they seduced the Lord's people, by speaking peace to them when there was none; which is figuratively expressed by building a wall, and daubing it with untempered mortar, Eze 13:10; upon which the wall is threatened to be rent, and caused to fall with a stormy wind; signifying the destruction of Jerusalem by the Chaldean army; and the false prophets to have the wrath of God poured on them who doubted it, Eze 13:11-16; and then follows the order to the prophet to prophesy against the false prophetesses, and set his face against them, and pronounce woe upon them in the name of the Lord; who are described as prophesying out of their own hearts; sowing pillows to all armholes; and making kerchiefs on the head of all sorts of persons; and which they did for poor small gain, and to the detriment of immortal souls, good and bad, Eze 13:17-19; wherefore the Lord threatens to tear off their pillows and kerchiefs, and deliver his people out of their hands, no more to be hunted by them, Eze 13:20,21; the reason of which was, because they saddened the hearts of the righteous, and strengthened the hands of the wicked, Eze 13:22; and the chapter is concluded with a resolution that they should see no more vanity nor divine divinations; and that the Lord's people should be delivered from them, and they should know that he was the Lord, Eze 13:23.

Ezekiel 13 Commentaries