Ezekiel 28

Listen to Ezekiel 28

Prophecy Against the Prince of Tyre

1 The word of the LORD came to me:
2 1"Son of man, say to 2the prince of Tyre, Thus says the Lord GOD: 3"Because your heart is proud, and 4you have said, 'I am a god, I sit in the seat of the gods, in the heart of the seas,' yet 5you are but a man, and no god, 6though you make your heart like the heart of a god--
3 7you are indeed wiser 8than 9Daniel; no secret is hidden from you;
4 by your wisdom and your understanding 10you have made wealth for yourself, and have gathered gold and silver into your treasuries;
5 by your great wisdom in your trade you have increased your wealth, and 11your heart has become proud in your wealth--
6 therefore thus says the Lord GOD: 12Because you make your heart like the heart of a god,
7 therefore, behold, I will bring 13foreigners upon you, the most ruthless of the nations; and they shall draw their swords against 14the beauty of your wisdom and defile 15your splendor.
8 16They shall thrust you down into the pit, 17and you shall die the death of the slain in the heart of the seas.
9 18Will you still say, 'I am a god,' in the presence of those who kill you, though 19you are but a man, and no god, in the hands of those who slay you?
10 20You shall die the death of the uncircumcised by the hand of foreigners; 21for I have spoken, declares the Lord GOD."

A Lament over the King of Tyre

11 Moreover, the word of the LORD came to me:
12 22"Son of man, 23raise a lamentation over 24the king of Tyre, and say to him, Thus says the Lord GOD: "You were the signet of perfection,[a] 25full of wisdom and 26perfect in beauty.
13 You were in 27Eden, the garden of God; 28every precious stone was your covering, 29sardius, topaz, and diamond, beryl, onyx, and jasper, sapphire,[b]30emerald, and carbuncle; and crafted in gold were your settings and your engravings.[c] 31On the day that you were created they were prepared.
14 You were an anointed 32guardian cherub. I placed you;[d] you were on 33the holy mountain of God; in the midst of the stones of fire you walked.
15 You were blameless in your ways 34from the day you were created, till unrighteousness was found in you.
16 In the abundance of 35your trade you were filled with violence in your midst, and you sinned; so I cast you as a profane thing from 36the mountain of God, and I destroyed you,[e]37O guardian cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.
17 38Your heart was proud because of 39your beauty; you corrupted your wisdom for the sake of your splendor. I cast you to the ground; I exposed you before kings, to feast their eyes on you.
18 By the multitude of your iniquities, in the unrighteousness of your trade you profaned your sanctuaries; so 40I brought fire out from your midst; it consumed you, and I turned you to ashes on the earth 41in the sight of all who saw you.
19 All who know you among the peoples are appalled at you; 42you have come to a dreadful end and shall be no more forever."

Prophecy Against Sidon

20 The word of the LORD came to me:
21 43"Son of man, 44set your face toward 45Sidon, and 46prophesy against her
22 and say, Thus says the Lord GOD: "Behold, 47I am against you, O Sidon, and 48I will manifest my glory in your midst. And 49they shall know that I am the LORD 50when I execute judgments in her and 51manifest my holiness in her;
23 for I will send 52pestilence into her, and blood into her streets; and the slain shall fall in her midst, by the sword that is against her on every side. Then they will know that I am the LORD.
24 "And for the house of Israel 53there shall be no more a brier to prick or 54a thorn to hurt them among all their neighbors 55who have treated them with contempt. Then they will know that I am the Lord GOD.

Israel Gathered in Security

25 "Thus says the Lord GOD: 56When I gather the house of Israel from the peoples among whom they are scattered, and 57manifest my holiness in them in the sight of the nations, 58then they shall dwell in their own land that I gave to my servant Jacob.
26 59And they shall dwell securely in it, and they shall build houses and plant vineyards. They shall dwell securely, 60when I execute judgments upon all their neighbors 61who have treated them with contempt. 62Then they will know that I am the LORD their God."

Ezekiel 28 Commentary

Chapter 28

The sentence against the prince or king of Tyre. (1-19) The fall of Zidon. (20-23) The restoration of Israel. (24-26)

Verses 1-19 Ethbaal, or Ithobal, was the prince or king of Tyre; and being lifted up with excessive pride, he claimed Divine honours. Pride is peculiarly the sin of our fallen nature. Nor can any wisdom, except that which the Lord gives, lead to happiness in this world or in that which is to come. The haughty prince of Tyre thought he was able to protect his people by his own power, and considered himself as equal to the inhabitants of heaven. If it were possible to dwell in the garden of Eden, or even to enter heaven, no solid happiness could be enjoyed without a humble, holy, and spiritual mind. Especially all spiritual pride is of the devil. Those who indulge therein must expect to perish.

20-26. The Zidonians were borderers upon the land of Israel, and they might have learned to glorify the Lord; but, instead of that, they seduced Israel to the worship of their idols. War and pestilence are God's messengers; but he will be glorified in the restoring his people to their former safety and prosperity. God will cure them of their sins, and ease them of their troubles. This promise will at length fully come to pass in the heavenly Canaan: when all the saints shall be gathered together, every thing that offends shall be removed, all griefs and fears for ever banished. Happy, then, is the church of God, and every living member of it, though poor, afflicted, and despised; for the Lord will display his truth, power, and mercy, in the salvation and happiness of his redeemed people.

Cross References 62

Footnotes 5

  • [a]. The meaning of the Hebrew phrase is uncertain
  • [b]. Or lapis lazuli
  • [c]. The meaning of the Hebrew phrase is uncertain
  • [d]. The meaning of the Hebrew phrase is uncertain
  • [e]. Or banished you

Chapter Summary


This chapter contains a prophecy of the destruction of the prince of Tyre; a lamentation for the king of Tyre; a denunciation of judgments on Zidon, and a promise of peace and safety to Israel. The order given the prophet to prophesy of the ruin of the prince of Tyre, Eze 28:1,2, the cause of his ruin, his pride on account of his wisdom and riches, which rose to such a pitch, as to make himself God, Eze 28:2-6, the manner in which his destruction shall be accomplished, Eze 28:7-10, the lamentation for the king of Tyre begins Eze 28:11,12, setting forth his former grandeur and dignity, Eze 28:13-15, his fall, and the cause of it, injustice and violence in merchandise, pride because of beauty and wisdom, and profanation of sanctuaries, Eze 28:16-19, next follow the judgments on Zidon, Eze 28:20-23, and the chapter is concluded with a promise of the restoration of the Jews to their own land, and of great tranquillity and safety in it, Eze 28:24-26.

Ezekiel 28 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.