Ezra 7

Listen to Ezra 7

Ezra Sent to Teach the People

1 Now after this, 1in the reign of 2Artaxerxes king of Persia, 3Ezra the son of Seraiah, son of Azariah, son of Hilkiah,
2 son of Shallum, son of Zadok, son of Ahitub,
3 son of Amariah, son of Azariah, son of Meraioth,
4 son of Zerahiah, son of Uzzi, son of Bukki,
5 son of Abishua, son of Phinehas, son of Eleazar, son of Aaron the chief priest--
6 this Ezra went up from Babylonia. He was a scribe 4skilled in the Law of Moses that the LORD, the God of Israel, had given, and the king granted him all that he asked, 5for the hand of the LORD his God was on him.
7 And there went up also to Jerusalem, in the seventh year of Artaxerxes the king, some of the people of Israel, and 6some of the priests and 7Levites, the singers and gatekeepers, and the temple 8servants.
8 And Ezra[a] came to Jerusalem in the fifth month, which was in the seventh year of the king.
9 For on the first day of the first month he began to go up from Babylonia, and on the first day of the fifth month he came to Jerusalem, 9for the good hand of his God was on him.
10 For Ezra had set his heart to study the Law of the LORD, and to do it 10and to 11teach his statutes and rules in Israel.
11 This is a copy of the letter that King Artaxerxes gave to Ezra the priest, the scribe, a man learned in matters of the commandments of the LORD and his statutes for Israel:
12 "Artaxerxes, 12king of kings, to Ezra the priest, the 13scribe of the Law of the God of heaven. Peace.[b]14And now
13 15I make a decree that anyone of the people of Israel or their priests or Levites in my kingdom, who freely offers to go to Jerusalem, may go with you.
14 For you are sent by the king 16and his seven counselors to make inquiries about Judah and Jerusalem according to the Law of your God, which is in your hand,
15 and also to carry the silver and gold that the king 17and his counselors have freely offered to the God of Israel, 18whose dwelling is in Jerusalem,
16 19with all the silver and gold that you shall find in the whole province of Babylonia, and 20with the freewill offerings of the people and the priests, vowed willingly for the house of their God that is in Jerusalem.
17 With this money, then, you shall with all diligence buy bulls, rams, and lambs, with their grain offerings and their drink offerings, and 21you shall offer them on the altar of the house of your God that is in Jerusalem.
18 Whatever seems good to you and your brothers to do with the rest of the silver and gold, you may do, according to the will of your God.
19 The vessels that have been given you for the service of the house of your God, you shall deliver before the God of Jerusalem.
20 And whatever else is required for the house of your God, which it falls to you to provide, you may provide it out of the king's treasury.
21 "And I, Artaxerxes the king, make a decree to all the treasurers in the province Beyond the River: Whatever Ezra the priest, the scribe of the Law of the God of heaven, requires of you, let it be done with all diligence,
22 up to 100 talents[c] of silver, 100 cors[d] of wheat, 100 baths[e] of wine, 100 baths of oil, and salt without prescribing how much.
23 Whatever is decreed by the God of heaven, let it be done in full for the house of the God of heaven, lest his wrath be against the realm of the king and his sons.
24 We also notify you that it shall not be lawful to impose 22tribute, custom, or toll on anyone of the priests, the Levites, the singers, the doorkeepers, the temple servants, or other servants of this house of God.
25 "And you, Ezra, according to the wisdom of your God that is in your hand, 23appoint magistrates and judges who may judge all the people in the province Beyond the River, all such as know the laws of your God. 24And those who do not know them, you shall teach.
26 Whoever will not obey the law of your God and the law of the king, let judgment be strictly executed on him, whether for death or for banishment or for confiscation of his goods or for imprisonment."
27 25Blessed be the LORD, the God of our fathers, 26who put such a thing as this into the heart of the king, to beautify the house of the LORD that is in Jerusalem,
28 27and who extended to me his steadfast love before the king and his counselors, and before all the king's mighty officers. I took courage, for the hand of the LORD my God was on me, and I gathered leading men from Israel to go up with me.

Ezra 7 Commentary

Chapter 7

Ezra goes up to Jerusalem. (1-10) The commission to Ezra. (11-26) Ezra blesses God for his favour. (27,28)

Verses 1-10 Ezra went from Babylon to Jerusalem, for the good of his country. The king was kind to him; he granted all his requests, whatever Ezra desired to enable him to serve his country. When he went, many went with him; he obtained favour from his king, by the Divine favour. Every creature is that to us, which God makes it to be. We must see the hand of God in the events that befal us, and acknowledge him with thankfulness.

Verses 11-26 The liberality of heathen kings to support the worship of God, reproached the conduct of many kings of Judah, and will rise up in judgment against the covetousness of wealthy professed Christians, who will not promote the cause of God. But the weapons of Christian ministers are not carnal. Faithful preaching, holy lives, fervent prayers, and patient suffering when called to it, are the means to bring men into obedience to Christ.

Verses 27-28 Two things Ezra blessed God for: 1. For his commission. If any good appear in our hearts, or in the hearts of others, we must own that God put it there, and bless him; it is he that worketh in us, both to will and to do that which is good. 2. For his encouragement: God has extended mercy to me. Ezra was a man of courage, yet he ascribed this not to his own heart, but to God's hand. If God give us his hand, we are bold and cheerful; if he withdraw it, we are weak as water. Whatever we are enabled to do for God and those around us, God must have all the glory.

Cross References 27

  • 1. Nehemiah 2:1
  • 2. Nehemiah 2:1
  • 3. For ver. 1-5, see 1 Chronicles 6:4-14
  • 4. ver. 11, 12, 21; Neh. 8:1-3, 13; Nehemiah 12:26, 36
  • 5. ver. 9, 28; Ezra 8:18, 22, 31; Nehemiah 2:8, 18; [Ezra 5:5]
  • 6. See Ezra 8:1-14
  • 7. Ezra 8:15-19
  • 8. Ezra 8:17, 20; [Ezra 2:43]
  • 9. See ver. 6
  • 10. ver. 25; [Deuteronomy 33:10]
  • 11. [2 Chronicles 17:7; Malachi 2:7; Matthew 23:2, 3]; See Nehemiah 8:1-8
  • 12. Ezekiel 26:7; Daniel 2:37
  • 13. See ver. 6
  • 14. Ezra 4:11, 17
  • 15. Ezra 6:8
  • 16. ver. 15, 28; Ezra 8:25; [Esther 1:14]
  • 17. [See ver. 14 above]
  • 18. 2 Chronicles 6:2; [Psalms 135:21]
  • 19. Ezra 8:25
  • 20. 1 Chronicles 29:6, 9
  • 21. Deuteronomy 12:5, 11
  • 22. Ezra 4:13, 20
  • 23. Exodus 18:21, 22; Deuteronomy 16:18
  • 24. See ver. 10
  • 25. 1 Chronicles 29:10
  • 26. Ezra 6:22
  • 27. Ezra 9:9

Footnotes 5

  • [a]. Aramaic he
  • [b]. Aramaic Perfect (probably a greeting)
  • [c]. A talent was about 75 pounds or 34 kilograms
  • [d]. A cor was about 6 bushels or 220 liters
  • [e]. A bath was about 6 gallons or 22 liters

Chapter Summary


In this chapter we have the lineage and character of Ezra described, Ezr 7:1-6, his expedition to Jerusalem, and of many others with him, Ezr 7:7-10, a copy of the commission King Artaxerxes gave him to execute, Ezr 7:11-26, and his thankfulness, Ezr 7:27,28.

and the dedication of it, and keeping the passover:

\\in the reign of Artaxerxes king of Persia\\; in the seventh year of his reign, Ezr 7:7,8, who is the same with Darius in the preceding chapter; so Jarchi and Aben Ezra; \\See Gill on "Ezr 6:14"\\.

\\Ezra the son of Seraiah\\; the high priest slain by Nebuchadnezzar Jer 52:24,27, this Ezra was a younger son of his, brother to Josedech, and uncle to Joshua, who were high priests in succession; his pedigree is carried in the ascending line up to Aaron, in this and the four following verses; only six generations, for brevity sake, are omitted, between Azariah and Meraioth, which may be supplied from 1Ch 6:7-10, \\See Gill on "1Ch 6:3\\. 20133-950205-1547-Ezr7.2

Ezra 7 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.