Genesis 19

Listen to Genesis 19

God Rescues Lot

1 The 1two angels came to Sodom in the evening, and Lot was sitting in the gate of Sodom. When Lot saw them, he rose to meet them and bowed himself with his face to the earth
2 and said, "My lords, 2please turn aside to your servant's house and spend the night 3and wash your feet. Then you may rise up early and go on your way." They said, 4"No; we will spend the night in the town square."
3 But he pressed them strongly; so they turned aside to him and entered his house. And he made them a feast and baked unleavened bread, and they ate.
4 But before they lay down, the men of the city, the men of Sodom, both young and old, all the people to the last man, surrounded the house.
5 5And they called to Lot, "Where are the men who came to you tonight? 6Bring them out to us, that we 7may know them."
6 Lot went out to the men at the entrance, shut the door after him,
7 and said, "I beg you, my brothers, do not act so wickedly.
8 8Behold, I have two daughters who have not known any man. Let me bring them out to you, and do to them as you please. Only do nothing to these men, for they have come under the shelter of my roof."
9 But they said, "Stand back!" And they said, "This fellow 9came to sojourn, and 10he has become the judge! Now we will deal worse with you than with them." Then they pressed hard against the man Lot, and drew near to break the door down.
10 But the men reached out their hands and brought Lot into the house with them and shut the door.
11 And they struck with 11blindness the men who were at the entrance of the house, both small and great, so that they wore themselves out groping for the door.
12 Then the men said to Lot, "Have you anyone else here? Sons-in-law, sons, daughters, or anyone you have in the city, 12bring them out of the place.
13 For we are about to destroy this place, 13because the outcry against its people has become great before the LORD, and the LORD has sent us to destroy it."
14 So Lot went out and said to his sons-in-law, who were to marry his daughters, 14"Up! Get out of this place, for the LORD is about to destroy the city." But he seemed to his sons-in-law to be jesting.
15 As morning dawned, the angels urged Lot, saying, "Up! Take your wife and your two daughters who are here, lest you be swept away in the punishment of the city."
16 But he lingered. So the men seized him and his wife and his two daughters by the hand, 15the LORD being merciful to him, and they brought him out and set him outside the city.
17 And as they brought them out, one said, "Escape for your life. 16Do not look back or stop anywhere in the 17valley. Escape to the hills, lest you be swept away."
18 And Lot said to them, "Oh, no, my lords.
19 Behold, your servant has found favor in your sight, and you have shown me great kindness in saving my life. But I cannot escape to the hills, lest the disaster overtake me and I die.
20 Behold, this city is near enough to flee to, and it is a little one. Let me escape there--is it not a little one?--and my life will be saved!"
21 He said to him, "Behold, I grant you this favor also, that I will not overthrow the city of which you have spoken.
22 Escape there quickly, for I can do nothing till you arrive there." Therefore the name of the city was called 18Zoar.[a]

God Destroys Sodom

23 The sun had risen on the earth when Lot came to Zoar.
24 Then 19the LORD rained on Sodom and Gomorrah sulfur and fire from the LORD out of heaven.
25 And he overthrew those cities, and all the valley, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and what grew on the ground.
26 But Lot's wife, behind him, looked back, and she became 20a pillar of salt.
27 And Abraham went early in the morning to the place where he had 21stood before the LORD.
28 And he looked down toward Sodom and Gomorrah and toward all the land of the valley, and he looked and, behold, the smoke of the land went up like the smoke of a furnace.
29 So it was that, when God destroyed the cities of the valley, God 22remembered Abraham and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow when he overthrew the cities in which Lot had lived.

Lot and His Daughters

30 Now Lot went up out of Zoar and 23lived in the hills with his two daughters, for he was afraid to live in Zoar. So he lived in a cave with his two daughters.
31 And the firstborn said to the younger, "Our father is old, and there is not a man on earth to come in to us after the manner of all the earth.
32 Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve offspring from our father."
33 So they made their father drink wine that night. And the firstborn went in and lay with her father. He did not know when she lay down or when she arose.
34 The next day, the firstborn said to the younger, "Behold, I lay last night with my father. Let us make him drink wine tonight also. Then you go in and lie with him, that we may preserve offspring from our father."
35 So they made their father drink wine that night also. And the younger arose and lay with him, and he did not know when she lay down or when she arose.
36 Thus both the daughters of Lot became pregnant by their father.
37 The firstborn bore a son and called his name Moab.[b]24He is the father of the Moabites to this day.
38 The younger also bore a son and called his name Ben-ammi.[c]25He is the father of the Ammonites to this day.

Genesis 19 Commentary

Chapter 19

The destruction of Sodom, and the deliverance of Lot. (1-29) The sin and disgrace of Lot. (30-38)

Verses 1-29 Lot was good, but there was not one more of the same character in the city. All the people of Sodom were very wicked and vile. Care was therefore taken for saving Lot and his family. Lot lingered; he trifled. Thus many who are under convictions about their spiritual state, and the necessity of a change, defer that needful work. The salvation of the most righteous men is of God's mercy, not by their own merit. We are saved by grace. God's power also must be acknowledged in bringing souls out of a sinful state If God had not been merciful to us, our lingering had been our ruin. Lot must flee for his life. He must not hanker after Sodom. Such commands as these are given to those who, through grace, are delivered out of a sinful state and condition. Return not to sin and Satan. Rest not in self and the world. Reach toward Christ and heaven, for that is escaping to the mountain, short of which we must not stop. Concerning this destruction, observe that it is a revelation of the wrath of God against sin and sinners of all ages. Let us learn from hence the evil of sin, and its hurtful nature; it leads to ruin.

Verses 30-38 See the peril of security. Lot, who kept chaste in Sodom, and was a mourner for the wickedness of the place, and a witness against it, when in the mountain, alone, and, as he thought, out of the way of temptation, is shamefully overtaken. Let him that thinks he stands high, and stands firm, take heed lest he fall. See the peril of drunkenness; it is not only a great sin itself, but lets in many sins, which bring a lasting wound and dishonour. Many a man does that, when he is drunk, which, when he is sober, he could not think of without horror. See also the peril of temptation, even from relations and friends, whom we love and esteem, and expect kindness from. We must dread a snare, wherever we are, and be always upon our guard. No excuse can be made for the daughters, nor for Lot. Scarcely any account can be given of the affair but this, The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it? From the silence of the Scripture concerning Lot henceforward, learn that drunkenness, as it makes men forgetful, so it makes them to be forgotten.

Cross References 25

  • 1. Genesis 18:22
  • 2. Hebrews 13:2; [Judges 4:18]
  • 3. See Genesis 18:4
  • 4. [Luke 24:28]
  • 5. Isaiah 3:9; [Genesis 13:13]
  • 6. Judges 19:22
  • 7. Romans 1:24, 27; Jude 7
  • 8. [Judges 19:24]
  • 9. Genesis 13:12
  • 10. Exodus 2:14
  • 11. [2 Kings 6:18; Acts 13:11]
  • 12. 2 Peter 2:7, 9; [Revelation 18:4, 5]
  • 13. Genesis 18:20
  • 14. Num. 16:21, 26, 45; Jeremiah 51:6
  • 15. [Psalms 34:22]
  • 16. ver. 26; [Matthew 24:16-18]
  • 17. Genesis 13:10
  • 18. Genesis 14:2
  • 19. Deuteronomy 29:23; Jeremiah 20:16; Jeremiah 50:40; Lamentations 4:6; Amos 4:11; Zephaniah 2:9; Luke 17:29; 2 Peter 2:6
  • 20. Luke 17:32
  • 21. Genesis 18:22
  • 22. See Genesis 8:1
  • 23. ver. 17, 19
  • 24. Deuteronomy 2:9
  • 25. Deuteronomy 2:19

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. Zoar means little
  • [b]. Moab sounds like the Hebrew for from father
  • [c]. Ben-ammi means son of my people

Chapter Summary


The contents of this chapter are Lot's entertainment of two angels that came to Sodom, Ge 19:1-3; the rude behaviour of the men of Sodom towards them, who for it were smote with blindness, Ge 19:4-11; the deliverance of Lot, his wife and two daughters, by means of the angels he entertained, Ge 19:12-17; the sparing of the city of Zoar at the entreaty of Lot, to which he was allowed to flee, Ge 19:18-22; the burning of Sodom and Gomorrah, Ge 19:23-25; Lot's wife turned into a pillar of salt for looking back, Ge 19:26; Abraham's view of the conflagration of the cities, Ge 19:28,29; Lot's betaking himself to a mountain, and dwelling in a cave with his two daughters, by whom he had two sons, the one called Moab, and the other Benammi, Ge 19:30-38.

Genesis 19 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.