Isaiah 32

Listen to Isaiah 32

A King Will Reign in Righteousness

1 Behold, 1a king will reign in righteousness, and princes will rule in justice.
2 2Each will be like a hiding place from the wind, a shelter from the storm, 3like streams of water in a dry place, like the shade of a great rock in a weary land.
3 4Then the eyes of those who see will not be closed, and the ears of those who hear will give attention.
4 The heart of the hasty will understand and know, 5and the tongue of the stammerers will hasten to speak distinctly.
5 6The fool will no more be called noble, nor the scoundrel said to be honorable.
6 For 7the fool speaks folly, and his heart is busy with iniquity, to practice ungodliness, to utter error concerning the LORD, 8to leave the craving of the hungry unsatisfied, and to deprive the thirsty of drink.
7 As for the scoundrel--9his devices are evil; he plans wicked schemes to ruin the poor with lying words, even when the plea of the needy is right.
8 But he who is noble plans noble things, and on noble things he stands.

Complacent Women Warned of Disaster

9 10Rise up, you women 11who are at ease, hear my voice; you complacent daughters, give ear to my speech.
10 In little more than a year you will shudder, you complacent women; for the grape harvest fails, the fruit harvest will not come.
11 Tremble, you women 12who are at ease, shudder, you complacent ones; 13strip, and make yourselves bare, 14and tie sackcloth around your waist.
12 15Beat your breasts for the pleasant fields, for the fruitful vine,
13 16for the soil of my people growing up in thorns and briers, 17yes, for all the joyous houses in the exultant city.
14 For the palace is forsaken, the populous city deserted; the hill and the watchtower will become dens forever, 18a joy of wild donkeys, a pasture of flocks;
15 until 19the Spirit is poured upon us from on high, and 20the wilderness becomes a fruitful field, and the fruitful field is deemed a forest.
16 Then justice will dwell in the wilderness, and righteousness abide in the fruitful field.
17 21And the effect of righteousness will be peace, and the result of righteousness, quietness and trust[a] forever.
18 My people will abide in a peaceful habitation, in secure dwellings, and in quiet resting places.
19 22And it will hail when the forest falls down, 23and the city will be utterly laid low.
20 24Happy are you who sow beside all waters, who let the feet of the ox and the donkey range free.

Isaiah 32 Commentary

Chapter 32

Times of peace and happiness. (1-8) An interval of trouble, yet comfort and blessings in the end. (9-20)

Verses 1-8 Christ our righteous King, and his true disciples, are evidently here intended. The consolations and graces of his Spirit are as rivers of water in this dry land; and as the overhanging rock affords refreshing shade and shelter to the weary traveller in the desert, so his power, truth, and love, yield the believer the only real protection and refreshment in the weary land through which he journeys to heaven. Christ bore the storm himself, to keep it off from us. To him let the trembling sinner flee for refuge; for he alone can protect and refresh us in every trial. See what pains sinners take in sin; they labour at it, their hearts are intent upon it, and with art they work iniquity; but this is our comfort, that they can do no more mischief than God permits. Let us seek to have our hearts more freed from selfishness. The liberal soul devises liberal things concerning God, and desires that He will grant wisdom and prudence, the comforts of his presence, the influence of his Spirit, and in due time the enjoyment of his glory.

Verses 9-20 When there was so much provocation given to the holy God, bad times might be expected. Alas! how many careless ones there are, who support self-indulgence by shameful niggardliness! We deserve to be deprived of the supports of life, when we make them the food of lusts. Let such tremble and be troubled. Blessed times shall be brought in by the pouring out of the Spirit from on high; then, and not till then, there will be good times. The present state of the Jews shall continue until a more abundant pouring out of the Spirit from on high. Peace and quietness shall be found in the way and work of righteousness. True satisfaction is to be had only in true religion. And real holiness is real happiness now, and shall be perfect happiness, that is, perfect holiness for ever. The good seed of the word shall be sown in all places, and be watered by Divine grace; and laborious, patient labourers shall be sent forth into God's husbandry.

Cross References 24

  • 1. Ps. 72:1, 2, 4; Jeremiah 23:5; See Isaiah 11:1-4
  • 2. Isaiah 4:6; Isaiah 25:4
  • 3. Isaiah 33:21
  • 4. See Isaiah 29:18
  • 5. Isaiah 35:6
  • 6. [Isaiah 5:20]
  • 7. 1 Samuel 24:13
  • 8. [Isaiah 3:14, 15]
  • 9. Micah 2:1, 2
  • 10. See Isaiah 3:16 - 4:1
  • 11. Amos 6:1
  • 12. [See ver. 9 above]
  • 13. [Isaiah 47:2, 3]
  • 14. See Genesis 37:34
  • 15. [Isaiah 24:7]
  • 16. Isaiah 7:23; Isaiah 34:13; Hosea 9:6
  • 17. [Isaiah 24:11, 12]
  • 18. Jeremiah 2:24
  • 19. [Isaiah 11:2; Joel 2:28]
  • 20. Isaiah 35:1, 2; [Isaiah 29:17]
  • 21. James 3:18; [Isaiah 1:27; Psalms 72:3; Psalms 119:165]
  • 22. Isaiah 28:2, 17
  • 23. Isaiah 26:5
  • 24. Ecclesiastes 11:1; [Isaiah 30:23]

Footnotes 1

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO ISAIAH 32

This chapter contains a prophecy of the Messiah; for, however applicable it may be to Hezekiah, as a type of Christ, it only has its full accomplishment in him, and in his times; who is described as a righteous King, and as having just princes ruling under him, Isa 32:1 and as a very great blessing, protection, and comfort to his subjects, Isa 32:2 when follows a prediction of great light and knowledge that should be in his days, Isa 32:3,4 and of the vileness, hypocrisy, and covetousness of the Jews in his times, Isa 32:5-8 and of the destruction of their country, because of their sins, of which they seemed greatly insensible, and were unconcerned about it, and are therefore called upon to lament it, Isa 32:9-14 which should continue until there would be a very great effusion of the Spirit, as should make the world, comparable to a wilderness, fruitful in grace and good works; the consequence of which is great prosperity, peace, and safety, to the saints, Isa 32:15-18 and destruction to their enemies, particularly the city of Rome, Isa 32:19 and the chapter is concluded with the happiness of the Gospel ministration, and the success of it, Isa 32:20.

Isaiah 32 Commentaries