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James 5

Listen to James 5

Warning to the Rich

1 Come now, 1you rich, weep and howl for the 2miseries that are coming upon you.
2 3Your riches have rotted and 4your garments are moth-eaten.
3 Your gold and silver have corroded, and their corrosion will be evidence against you and will eat your flesh like fire. 5You have laid up treasure 6in the last days.
4 Behold, 7the wages of the laborers who mowed your fields, which you kept back by fraud, are crying out against you, and 8the cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of 9the Lord of hosts.
5 10You have lived on the earth in luxury and 11in self-indulgence. You have fattened your hearts in 12a day of slaughter.
6 You have condemned and 13murdered 14the righteous person. He does not resist you.

Patience in Suffering

7 Be patient, therefore, brothers,[a] until the coming of the Lord. See how the farmer waits for the precious fruit of the earth, being patient about it, until it receives 15the early and the late rains.
8 You also, be patient. 16Establish your hearts, for the coming of the Lord 17is at hand.
9 Do not grumble against one another, brothers, 18so that you may not be judged; behold, 19the Judge is standing 20at the door.
10 As an example of suffering and patience, brothers, take 21the prophets who spoke in the name of the Lord.
11 Behold, we consider those blessed who remained steadfast. You have heard of 22the steadfastness of Job, and you have seen 23the purpose of the Lord, how 24the Lord is compassionate and merciful.
12 But above all, my brothers, 25do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or by any other oath, but let your "yes" be yes and your "no" be no, so that you may not fall under condemnation.

The Prayer of Faith

13 Is anyone among you suffering? Let him pray. Is anyone cheerful? Let him 26sing praise.
14 Is anyone among you sick? Let him call for the elders of the church, and let them pray over him, 27anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord.
15 And the prayer of faith will save the one who is sick, and the Lord will raise him up. And 28if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven.
16 Therefore, 29confess your sins to one another and pray for one another, 30that you may be healed. 31The prayer of a righteous person has great power as it is working.[b]
17 Elijah was a man 32with a nature like ours, and 33he prayed fervently that it might not rain, and for 34three years and six months it did not rain on the earth.
18 35Then he prayed again, and heaven gave rain, and the earth bore its fruit.
19 My brothers, 36if anyone among you wanders from the truth and someone 37brings him back,
20 let him know that whoever brings back a sinner from his wandering 38will save his soul from death and 39will cover a multitude of sins.

Images for James 5

James 5 Commentary

Chapter 5

The judgments of God denounced against rich unbelievers. (1-6) Exhortation to patience and meekness under tribulations. (7-11) Cautions against rash swearing Prayer recommended in afflictive and prosperous circumstances, Christians to confess their faults to each other. (12-18) The happiness of being the means of the conversion of a sinner. (19,20)

Verses 1-6 Public troubles are most grievous to those who live in pleasure, and are secure and sensual, though all ranks suffer deeply at such times. All idolized treasures will soon perish, except as they will rise up in judgment against their possessors. Take heed of defrauding and oppressing; and avoid the very appearance of it. God does not forbid us to use lawful pleasures; but to live in pleasure, especially sinful pleasure, is a provoking sin. Is it no harm for people to unfit themselves for minding the concerns of their souls, by indulging bodily appetites? The just may be condemned and killed; but when such suffer by oppressors, this is marked by God. Above all their other crimes, the Jews had condemned and crucified that Just One who had come among them, even Jesus Christ the righteous.

Verses 7-11 Consider him that waits for a crop of corn; and will not you wait for a crown of glory? If you should be called to wait longer than the husbandman, is not there something more worth waiting for? In every sense the coming of the Lord drew nigh, and all his people's losses, hardships, and sufferings, would be repaid. Men count time long, because they measure it by their own lives; but all time is as nothing to God; it is as a moment. To short-lived creatures a few years seem an age; but Scripture, measuring all things by the existence of God, reckons thousands of years but so many days. God brought about things in Job's case, so as plainly to prove that he is very pitiful and of tender mercy. This did not appear during his troubles, but was seen in the event, and believers now will find a happy end to their trials. Let us serve our God, and bear our trials, as those who believe that the end will crown all. Our eternal happiness is safe if we trust to him: all else is mere vanity, which soon will be done with for ever.

Verses 12-18 The sin of swearing is condemned; but how many make light of common profane swearing! Such swearing expressly throws contempt upon God's name and authority. This sin brings neither gain, nor pleasure, nor reputation, but is showing enmity to God without occasion and without advantage It shows a man to be an enemy to God, however he pretends to call himself by his name, or sometimes joins in acts of worship. But the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. In a day of affliction nothing is more seasonable than prayer. The spirit is then most humble, and the heart is broken and tender. It is necessary to exercise faith and hope under afflictions; and prayer is the appointed means for obtaining and increasing these graces. Observe, that the saving of the sick is not ascribed to the anointing with oil, but to prayer. In a time of sickness it is not cold and formal prayer that is effectual, but the prayer of faith. The great thing we should beg of God for ourselves and others in the time of sickness is, the pardon of sin. Let nothing be done to encourage any to delay, under the mistaken fancy that a confession, a prayer, a minister's absolution and exhortation, or the sacrament, will set all right at last, where the duties of a godly life have been disregarded. To acknowledge our faults to each other, will tend greatly to peace and brotherly love. And when a righteous person, a true believer, justified in Christ, and by his grace walking before God in holy obedience, presents an effectual fervent prayer, wrought in his heart by the power of the Holy Spirit, raising holy affections and believing expectations and so leading earnestly to plead the promises of God at his mercy-seat, it avails much. The power of prayer is proved from the history of Elijah. In prayer we must not look to the merit of man, but to the grace of God. It is not enough to say a prayer, but we must pray in prayer. Thoughts must be fixed, desires must be firm and ardent, and graces exercised. This instance of the power of prayer, encourages every Christian to be earnest in prayer. God never says to any of the seed of Jacob, Seek my face in vain. Where there may not be so much of miracle in God's answering our prayers, yet there may be as much of grace.

Verses 19-20 It is no mark of a wise or holy man, to boast of being free from error, or to refuse to acknowledge an error. And there is some doctrinal mistake at the bottom of every practical mistake. There is no one habitually bad, but upon some bad principle. This is conversion; to turn a sinner from the error of his ways, not merely from one party to another, or from one notion and way of thinking to another. There is no way effectually and finally to hide sin, but forsaking it. Many sins are hindered in the party converted; many also may be so in others whom he may influence. The salvation of one soul is of infinitely greater importance than preserving the lives of multitudes, or promoting the welfare of a whole people. Let us in our several stations keep these things in mind, sparing no pains in God's service, and the event will prove that our labour is not in vain in the Lord. For six thousand years He has been multiplying pardons, and yet his free grace is not tired nor grown weary. Certainly Divine mercy is an ocean that is ever full and ever flowing. May the Lord give us a part in this abundant mercy, through the blood of Christ, and the sanctification of the Spirit.

Cross References 39

  • 1. Luke 6:24; [Proverbs 11:28; Amos 6:1; 1 Timothy 6:9]
  • 2. Romans 3:16
  • 3. Job 13:28; Isaiah 50:9; Matthew 6:19, 20
  • 4. Job 13:28; Isaiah 50:9; Matthew 6:19, 20
  • 5. Matthew 6:19; Luke 12:21; Romans 2:5
  • 6. [ver. 8, 9]
  • 7. Job 24:10; See Leviticus 19:13
  • 8. Deuteronomy 24:15
  • 9. Romans 9:29
  • 10. [Job 21:13; Luke 16:19; 2 Peter 2:13]
  • 11. 1 Timothy 5:6
  • 12. Jeremiah 12:3
  • 13. James 4:2
  • 14. [Acts 3:14]
  • 15. See Deuteronomy 11:14
  • 16. 1 Thessalonians 3:13
  • 17. 1 Peter 4:7; [Romans 13:11, 12; Philippians 4:5; Hebrews 10:25, 37]
  • 18. Matthew 7:1
  • 19. [1 Peter 4:5; Revelation 22:12]
  • 20. Matthew 24:33; Mark 13:29; [1 Corinthians 4:5]
  • 21. Matthew 5:12; Matthew 23:34; Acts 7:52; Hebrews 11:32-38
  • 22. Job 1:21, 22; Job 2:10
  • 23. Job 42:10, 12
  • 24. See Exodus 34:6
  • 25. Matthew 5:34
  • 26. [Colossians 3:16]
  • 27. Mark 6:13; [Mark 16:18]
  • 28. Isaiah 33:24; Matthew 9:2; Mark 2:5; Luke 5:20
  • 29. Acts 19:18
  • 30. Hebrews 12:13
  • 31. Genesis 18:23-32; Genesis 20:17; Numbers 11:2; 1 Kings 13:6; 1 Kings 17:22; 2 Kings 4:33; 2 Kings 19:15-20; 2 Kings 20:2-5; Job 42:8; Proverbs 15:29
  • 32. Acts 14:15
  • 33. 1 Kings 17:1; 1 Kings 18:1
  • 34. Luke 4:25
  • 35. 1 Kings 18:42, 45
  • 36. [Matthew 18:15; Galatians 6:1]
  • 37. Psalms 51:13; Daniel 12:3; Malachi 2:6; [Luke 1:16]
  • 38. See Romans 11:14
  • 39. 1 Peter 4:8; [Nehemiah 4:5; Psalms 32:1; Psalms 85:2; Proverbs 10:12]

Footnotes 2

  • [a]. Or brothers and sisters; also verses 9, 10, 12, 19
  • [b]. Or The effective prayer of a righteous person has great power

Chapter Summary


In this chapter the apostle reproves the vices of rich men, and denounces the judgments of God upon them; exhorts the saints to patience under sufferings; warns them from vain and profane swearing, and presses to various duties and branches of religious worship, private and public, and to the performance of several good offices of love to one another. He represents the miseries of wicked rich men as just at hand, Jas 5:1 because they made no use of their riches, either for themselves, or others, and because of the trust they put in them, heaping them up against a time to come, Jas 5:2,3, and because of their injustice in detaining the hire of labourers from them, Jas 5:4 and because of their wantonness and luxury, Jas 5:5 and because of their cruelty to the innocent, Jas 5:6 and such who suffer at their hands are exhorted to exercise patience, from the instance of the husbandman waiting patiently for the fruit of the earth, and the rain to produce it; and from the consideration of the coming of Christ, the Judge, being near at hand, Jas 5:7-9 and from the example of the prophets of the Lord, who suffered much, and were patient, and so happy; and particularly from the instance of Job, his patience, the end of the Lord in his afflictions, and his pity and compassion towards him, Jas 5:10,11. But of all things the apostle entreats them, that they would take care of profane swearing, and all vain oaths, since these bring into condemnation, Jas 5:12 and from hence he passes to various exercises of religion; the afflicted he advises to prayer; and those in comfortable circumstances of body and mind to singing of psalms, Jas 5:13, and such that are sick, to send for the elders of the church to pray over them, and anoint them with oil in the name of the Lord, whereby not only the sick man would be delivered from his sickness, the Lord raising him up, but even his sins would be declared to be forgiven, Jas 5:14,15. And not only it became the elders to pray for sick persons, but also the saints in general, one for another, and to acknowledge their faults to each other, since the fervent prayer of every righteous man is of great avail with God, Jas 5:16 of which an instance is given in Elias, whose prayer, though a man subject to like passions as other men, against, and for rain, was very successful, Jas 5:17,18. And Christians should not only be concerned for the health of each other's bodies, but also for the good of their souls; wherefore, whenever it is observed that any are straying from the path of truth, methods should be taken to restore them, and turn them from the error of their ways; and whoever is the happy instrument of such a restoration is the means of saving a soul from death, and hiding a multitude of sins, Jas 5:19,20.

James 5 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.