Jeremiah 49

Listen to Jeremiah 49

Judgment on Ammon

1 1Concerning the Ammonites. Thus says the LORD: "Has Israel no sons? Has he no heir? Why then has 2Milcom 3dispossessed Gad, and his people settled in its cities?
2 Therefore, behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when I will cause 4the battle cry to be heard against 5Rabbah of the Ammonites; it shall become a desolate 6mound, and its villages shall be burned with fire; then Israel shall dispossess those who dispossessed him, says the LORD.
3 "Wail, O 7Heshbon, for Ai is laid waste! Cry out, O daughters of 8Rabbah! 9Put on sackcloth, lament, and run to and fro among the hedges! For 10Milcom shall go into exile, 11with his priests and his officials.
4 Why do you boast of your valleys,[a] 12O faithless daughter, 13who trusted in her treasures, saying, 'Who will come against me?'
5 Behold, 14I will bring terror upon you, declares the Lord GOD of hosts, from all who are around you, and you shall be driven out, every man straight before him, with none to gather the fugitives.
6 "But 15afterward I will restore the fortunes of the Ammonites, declares the LORD."

Judgment on Edom

7 Concerning 16Edom. Thus says the LORD of hosts: 17"Is wisdom no more in 18Teman? 19Has counsel perished from the prudent? 20Has their wisdom vanished?
8 21Flee, turn back, dwell in the depths, O inhabitants of 22Dedan! For I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him, 23the time when I punish him.
9 24If grape-gatherers came to you, would they not leave 25gleanings? 26If thieves came by night, would they not destroy only enough for themselves?
10 27But I have stripped Esau bare; 28I have uncovered his hiding places, and he is not able to conceal himself. His children are destroyed, and his brothers, and his neighbors; and 29he is no more.
11 30Leave your fatherless children; I will keep them alive; 31and let your widows trust in me."
12 For thus says the LORD: 32"If those who did not deserve to drink the cup must drink it, 33will you go unpunished? You shall not go unpunished, but you must drink.
13 34For I have sworn by myself, declares the LORD, that 35Bozrah shall become 36a horror, a taunt, a waste, and a curse, and all her cities shall be perpetual wastes."
14 37I have heard a message from the LORD, and an envoy has been sent among the nations: 38"Gather yourselves together and come against her, and rise up for battle!
15 For behold, I will make you small among the nations, despised among mankind.
16 The horror you inspire has deceived you, and the pride of your heart, you who live in the clefts of the rock,[b] who hold the height of the hill. Though you 39make your nest as high as the eagle's, I will bring you down from there, declares the LORD.
17 40"Edom shall become a horror. 41Everyone who passes by it will be horrified 42and will hiss because of all its disasters.
18 43As when Sodom and Gomorrah and their 44neighboring cities were overthrown, says the LORD, 45no man shall dwell there, 46no man shall sojourn in her.
19 47Behold, 48like a lion coming up from 49the jungle of the Jordan against a perennial pasture, I will suddenly make him[c] run away from her. And I will appoint over her whomever I choose. 50For who is like me? 51Who will summon me? 52What shepherd can stand before me?
20 Therefore hear the plan that the LORD has made against 53Edom and the purposes that he has formed against the inhabitants of 54Teman: 55Even the little ones of the flock shall be dragged away. Surely their fold shall be appalled at their fate.
21 At the sound of their fall 56the earth shall tremble; the sound of their cry shall be heard at the Red Sea.
22 Behold, 57one shall mount up and fly swiftly like an eagle and spread his wings against 58Bozrah, and the heart of the warriors of Edom shall be in that day like the heart 59of a woman in her birth pains."

Judgment on Damascus

23 Concerning 60Damascus: 61"Hamath and 62Arpad are confounded, for they have heard bad news; they melt in fear, 63they are troubled like the sea that cannot be quiet.
24 64Damascus has become feeble, 65she turned to flee, and panic seized her; anguish and sorrows have taken hold of her, as 66of a woman in labor.
25 How is 67the famous city not forsaken, the city of my joy?
26 68Therefore her young men shall fall in her squares, and all her soldiers shall be destroyed in that day, declares the LORD of hosts.
27 And 69I will kindle a fire in the wall of 70Damascus, and it shall devour the strongholds of 71Ben-hadad."

Judgment on Kedar and Hazor

28 Concerning 72Kedar and the kingdoms of Hazor that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon struck down. Thus says the LORD: 73"Rise up, advance against 74Kedar! Destroy 75the people of the east!
29 76Their tents and their flocks shall be taken, their 77curtains and all their goods; their camels shall be led away from them, and men shall cry to them: 78'Terror on every side!'
30 79Flee, wander far away, dwell in the depths, O inhabitants of Hazor! declares the LORD. For Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has made a plan against you and formed a purpose against you.
31 80"Rise up, advance against a nation 81at ease, 82that dwells securely, declares the LORD, 83that has no gates or bars, that dwells alone.
32 84Their camels shall become plunder, their herds of livestock a spoil. 85I will scatter to every wind 86those who cut the corners of their hair, and I will bring their calamity from every side of them, declares the LORD.
33 Hazor shall become 87a haunt of jackals, an everlasting waste; 88no man shall dwell there; 89no man shall sojourn in her."

Judgment on Elam

34 The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet concerning 90Elam, in the beginning of the reign of 91Zedekiah king of Judah.
35 Thus says the LORD of hosts: "Behold, I will break 92the bow of 93Elam, the mainstay of their might.
36 And I will bring upon 94Elam the four winds from the four quarters of heaven. And I will scatter them to all those winds, and there shall be no nation to which those driven out of 95Elam shall not come.
37 I will 96terrify 97Elam before their enemies and before those who seek their life. I will bring disaster upon them, 98my fierce anger, declares the LORD. 99I will send the sword after them, until I have consumed them,
38 and I will set my throne in 100Elam and destroy their king and officials, declares the LORD.
39 "But in the latter days 101I will restore the fortunes of 102Elam, declares the LORD."

Jeremiah 49 Commentary

Chapter 49

Prophecies relative to the Ammonites. (1-6) The Edomites. (7-22) The Syrians. (23-27) The Kedarenes. (28-33) The Elamites. (34-39)

1-6. Might often prevails against right among men, yet that might shall be controlled by the Almighty, who judges aright; and those will find themselves mistaken, who, like the Ammonites, think every thing their own on which they can lay their hands. The Lord will call men to account for every instance of dishonesty, especially to the destitute.

Verses 7-22 The Edomites were old enemies to the Israel of God. But their day is now at hand; it is foretold, not only to warn them, but for the sake of the Israel of God, whose afflictions were aggravated by them. Thus Divine judgments go round from nation to nation; the earth is full of commotion, and nothing can escape the ministers of Divine vengeance. The righteousness of God is to be observed amidst the violence of men.

Verses 23-27 How easily God can dispirit those nations that have been most celebrated for valour! Damascus waxes feeble. It was a city of joy, having all the delights of the sons of men. But those deceive themselves who place their happiness in carnal joys.

Verses 28-33 Nebuchadnezzar would make desolation among the people of Kedar, who dwelt in the deserts of Arabia. He who conquered many strong cities, will not leave those unconquered that dwell in tents. He will do this to gratify his own covetousness and ambition; but God orders it for correcting an unthankful people, and for warning a careless world to expect trouble when they seem most safe. They shall flee, get far off, and dwell deep in the deserts; they shall be dispersed. But privacy and obscurity are not always protection and security.

Verses 34-39 The Elamites were the Persians; they acted against God's Israel, and must be reckoned with. Evil pursues sinners. God will make them know that he reigns. Yet the destruction of Elam shall not be for ever. But this promise was to have its full accomplishment in the days of the Messiah. In reading the Divine assurance of the destruction of all the enemies of the church, the believer sees that the issue of the holy war is not doubtful. It is blessed to recollect, that He who is for us, is more than all against us. And he will subdue the enemies of our souls.

Cross References 102

  • 1. Ezekiel 25:21">ch. Ezekiel 25:21; [Ezekiel 21:28; Ezekiel 25:2]
  • 2. [1 Kings 11:5, 33; 2 Kings 23:13]
  • 3. [Amos 1:13]
  • 4. Jeremiah 4:19
  • 5. Ezekiel 21:20; Ezekiel 25:5; Amos 1:14
  • 6. Jeremiah 30:18
  • 7. Jeremiah 48:2
  • 8. [See ver. 2 above]
  • 9. Jeremiah 48:37; See Jeremiah 4:8
  • 10. [1 Kings 11:5, 33; 2 Kings 23:13]
  • 11. Jeremiah 48:7
  • 12. Jeremiah 3:14
  • 13. Jeremiah 48:7
  • 14. [Jeremiah 48:43]
  • 15. [ver. 39; Jeremiah 48:47]
  • 16. Jeremiah 25:21; Isaiah 34:5; Amos 1:11; Obadiah 1; [Malachi 1:2]; See Ezekiel 25:12-14
  • 17. ver. 20; Obadiah 9
  • 18. ver. 20; Obadiah 9
  • 19. [Isaiah 19:11, 12]
  • 20. [Isaiah 19:11, 12]
  • 21. ver. 30
  • 22. Jeremiah 25:23; Genesis 25:3
  • 23. Jeremiah 50:27, 31">ch. Jeremiah 50:27, 31; [Jeremiah 46:21; Jeremiah 50:27]
  • 24. Obad. 5, 6
  • 25. [Judges 8:2]
  • 26. Obad. 5, 6
  • 27. Malachi 1:3
  • 28. [See ver. 9 above]
  • 29. Jeremiah 31:15; Isaiah 17:14
  • 30. [Psalms 10:14, 18; Psalms 68:5]
  • 31. [Psalms 10:14, 18; Psalms 68:5]
  • 32. Jeremiah 25:28; [Obadiah 16]
  • 33. Jeremiah 25:29
  • 34. See Jeremiah 22:5
  • 35. ver. 22; See Jeremiah 48:24
  • 36. See Jeremiah 24:9
  • 37. See Obad. 1-4
  • 38. [Isaiah 13:4]
  • 39. [Jeremiah 48:28]
  • 40. Ezek. 35:3, 7, 9
  • 41. [Jeremiah 50:13]
  • 42. [Jeremiah 50:13]
  • 43. See Isaiah 13:19
  • 44. [Deuteronomy 29:23]
  • 45. ver. 33
  • 46. ver. 33
  • 47. For ver. 19-21, see Jeremiah 50:44-46
  • 48. See Jeremiah 4:7
  • 49. See Jeremiah 12:5
  • 50. See Jeremiah 10:6
  • 51. Job 9:19
  • 52. [Jeremiah 30:21]
  • 53. Ezek. 35:3, 7, 9
  • 54. See ver. 7
  • 55. Jeremiah 50:45
  • 56. Jeremiah 8:16; Jeremiah 50:46; [Ezekiel 26:15]
  • 57. See Jeremiah 48:40
  • 58. ver. 13
  • 59. ver. 24; See Jeremiah 6:24
  • 60. Isaiah 17:1; Amos 1:3
  • 61. 1 Kings 8:65; Zechariah 9:2
  • 62. 2 Kings 18:34
  • 63. Zechariah 9:4
  • 64. [See ver. 23 above]
  • 65. [Jeremiah 46:5]
  • 66. [See ver. 22 above]
  • 67. [Jeremiah 33:9]
  • 68. Jeremiah 50:30
  • 69. See Jeremiah 17:27
  • 70. [See ver. 23 above]
  • 71. 1 Kings 15:18; 1 Kings 20:1; 2 Kings 6:24; 2 Kings 8:7; 2 Kings 13:3
  • 72. Isaiah 21:16; Isaiah 60:7
  • 73. ver. 14, 31
  • 74. Isaiah 21:16; Isaiah 60:7
  • 75. Isaiah 11:14; Ezekiel 25:4, 10; See Judges 6:3
  • 76. Psalms 120:5; Song of Songs 1:5
  • 77. Psalms 120:5; Song of Songs 1:5
  • 78. See Jeremiah 6:25
  • 79. ver. 8
  • 80. [See ver. 28 above]
  • 81. Job 16:12
  • 82. Ezekiel 38:8, 11
  • 83. Ezekiel 38:8, 11
  • 84. [Ezekiel 38:12]
  • 85. ver. 36
  • 86. See Jeremiah 9:26
  • 87. See Jeremiah 9:11
  • 88. ver. 18
  • 89. ver. 18
  • 90. Jeremiah 25:25; Genesis 14:1; Isaiah 11:11; Isaiah 21:2; Ezekiel 32:24; Daniel 8:2
  • 91. 2 Kings 24:17, 18
  • 92. Isaiah 22:6
  • 93. [See ver. 34 above]
  • 94. [See ver. 34 above]
  • 95. [See ver. 34 above]
  • 96. [Jeremiah 1:17]
  • 97. [See ver. 34 above]
  • 98. See Jeremiah 12:13
  • 99. See Jeremiah 9:16
  • 100. [See ver. 34 above]
  • 101. [Jeremiah 48:47]
  • 102. [See ver. 34 above]

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. Hebrew boast of your valleys, your valley flows
  • [b]. Or of Sela
  • [c]. Septuagint, Syriac them

Chapter Summary


This chapter contains prophecies concerning the judgments of God on several nations and kingdoms, chiefly bordering on the land of Israel; on the Ammonites, Jer 49:1-6; on the Edomites, Jer 49:7-22; on the kingdom of Damascus, or the Syrians, Jer 49:23-27; on the Kedarenes or Arabians, Jer 49:28-33; and on the Elamites or Persians, Jer 49:34-39.

Jeremiah 49 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.