Jeremiah 7

Listen to Jeremiah 7

Evil in the Land

1 The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD:
2 1"Stand in the gate of the LORD's house, and proclaim there this word, and say, Hear the word of the LORD, all you men of Judah who enter these gates to worship the LORD.
3 Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: 2Amend your ways and your deeds, and I will let you dwell in this place.
4 3Do not trust in these deceptive words: 'This is the temple of the LORD, the temple of the LORD, the temple of the LORD.'
5 "For if you truly 4amend your ways and your deeds, if you truly 5execute justice one with another,
6 if you 6do not oppress the sojourner, the fatherless, or the widow, 7or shed innocent blood in this place, 8and if you do not go after other gods to your own harm,
7 9then I will let you dwell in this place, 10in the land that I gave of old to your fathers forever.
8 "Behold, you trust in deceptive words to no avail.
9 11Will you steal, murder, commit adultery, 12swear falsely, 13make offerings to Baal, 14and go after other gods that you have not known,
10 and then come and stand before me in this house, 15which is called by my name, and say, 'We are delivered!'--only to go on doing all these abominations?
11 16Has this house, 17which is called by my name, 18become a den of robbers in your eyes? Behold, I myself have seen it, declares the LORD.
12 Go now to 19my place that was in Shiloh, 20where I made my name dwell at first, and 21see what I did to it because of the evil of my people Israel.
13 And now, because you have done all these things, declares the LORD, and 22when I spoke to you persistently you did not listen, and 23when I called you, you did not answer,
14 therefore I will do to 24the house 25that is called by my name, and in which you trust, and to the place that I gave to you and to your fathers, 26as I did to Shiloh.
15 27And I will cast you out of my sight, 28as I cast out all your kinsmen, all the offspring of 29Ephraim.
16 "As for you, 30do not pray for this people, or lift up a cry or prayer for them, and do not intercede with me, for I will not hear you.
17 Do you not see what they are doing in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem?
18 The children gather wood, the fathers kindle fire, 31and the women knead dough, to 32make cakes for 33the queen of heaven. And 34they pour out drink offerings to other gods, 35to provoke me to anger.
19 36Is it I whom they provoke? declares the LORD. Is it not themselves, 37to their own shame?
20 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: behold, 38my anger and my wrath will be poured out on this place, upon man and beast, upon the trees of the field and the fruit of the ground; 39it will burn and not be quenched."
21 Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: 40"Add your burnt offerings to your sacrifices, and eat the flesh.
22 For in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, I did not speak to your fathers or command them 41concerning burnt offerings and sacrifices.
23 But this command I gave them: 42'Obey my voice, and 43I will be your God, and you shall be my people. 44And walk in all the way that I command you, 45that it may be well with you.'
24 46But they did not obey or incline their ear, 47but walked in their own counsels and 48the stubbornness of their evil hearts, and 49went backward and not forward.
25 From the day that your fathers came out of the land of Egypt to this day, 50I have persistently sent all my servants the prophets to them, day after day.
26 51Yet they did not listen to me or incline their ear, 52but stiffened their neck. 53They did worse than their fathers.
27 54"So you shall speak all these words to them, but they will not listen to you. 55You shall call to them, but they will not answer you.
28 And you shall say to them, 'This is the nation that did not obey the voice of the LORD their God, and did not accept discipline; 56truth has perished; it is cut off from their lips.
29 57"'Cut off your hair and cast it away; raise a lamentation on 58the bare heights, for the LORD has rejected and forsaken the generation of his wrath.'

The Valley of Slaughter

30 "For the sons of Judah have done evil in my sight, declares the LORD. They have set 59their detestable things in the house 60that is called by my name, to 61defile it.
31 And they have built the high places of 62Topheth, which is in 63the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, 64to burn their sons and their daughters in the fire, 65which I did not command, nor did it come into my mind.
32 66Therefore, behold, the days are coming, declares the LORD, when it will no more be called 67Topheth, or 68the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, but the Valley of Slaughter; 69for they will bury in Topheth, because there is no room elsewhere.
33 70And the dead bodies of this people will be food for the birds of the air, and for the beasts of the earth, 71and none will frighten them away.
34 72And I will silence in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem the voice of mirth and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom and the voice of the bride, 73for the land shall become a waste.

Jeremiah 7 Commentary

Chapter 7

Confidence in the temple is vain. (1-16) The provocation by persisting in idolatry. (17-20) God justifies his dealings with them. (21-28) And threatens vengeance. (29-34)

Verses 1-16 No observances, professions, or supposed revelations, will profit, if men do not amend their ways and their doings. None can claim an interest in free salvation, who allow themselves in the practice of known sin, or live in the neglect of known duty. They thought that the temple they profaned would be their protection. But all who continue in sin because grace has abounded, or that grace may abound, make Christ the minister of sin; and the cross of Christ, rightly understood, forms the most effectual remedy to such poisonous sentiments. The Son of God gave himself for our transgressions, to show the excellence of the Divine law, and the evil of sin. Never let us think we may do wickedness without suffering for it.

Verses 17-20 The Jews took pride in showing zeal for their idols. Let us learn to be earnest in the service of our God, even from this bad example. Let us think it an honour to be employed in any work for God. Let us be as diligent ourselves, and as careful to teach our children the truths of God, as many are to teach the mysteries of iniquity. The direct tendency of this sin is malice against God, but it will hurt themselves. And they shall find there is no escaping. God's wrath is fire unquenchable.

Verses 21-28 God shows that obedience was required of them. That which God commanded was, Hearken diligently to the voice of the Lord thy God. The promise is very encouraging. Let God's will be your rule, and his favour shall be your happiness. God was displeased with disobedience. We understand the gospel as little as the Jews understood the law, if we think that even the sacrifice of Christ lessens our obligation to obey.

Verses 29-34 In token both of sorrow and of slavery, Jerusalem must be degraded, and separated from God, as she had been separated to him. The heart is the place in which God has chosen to put his name; but if sin has the innermost and uppermost place there, we pollute the temple of the Lord. The destruction of Jerusalem appears here very terrible. The slain shall be many; they having made it the place of their sin. Evil pursues sinners, even after death. Those who will not, by the grace of God, be cured of vain mirth, shall, by the justice of God, be deprived of all mirth. How many ruin their health and property without complaining, when engaged in Satan's service! May we learn to relish holy joys, and to sit loose to all others though lawful.

Cross References 73

  • 1. Jeremiah 26:2
  • 2. Jeremiah 18:11; Jeremiah 26:13
  • 3. [ver. 8]
  • 4. Jeremiah 22:3
  • 5. Deuteronomy 24:14
  • 6. [See ver. 5 above]
  • 7. [See ver. 5 above]
  • 8. Jeremiah 13:10; Jeremiah 25:6; Deuteronomy 6:14
  • 9. Deuteronomy 4:40
  • 10. Jeremiah 3:18
  • 11. Hosea 4:1, 2
  • 12. Jeremiah 5:2
  • 13. Jeremiah 1:16
  • 14. [See ver. 6 above]
  • 15. Jeremiah 32:34; Jeremiah 34:15
  • 16. Isaiah 56:7
  • 17. [See ver. 10 above]
  • 18. Cited Matthew 21:13; Mark 11:17; Luke 19:46; [Ezekiel 7:22]
  • 19. Judges 18:31; 1 Samuel 1:3
  • 20. Deuteronomy 12:11
  • 21. Jeremiah 26:6; Psalms 78:60; See 1 Samuel 4:3-12
  • 22. ver. 25; 2 Chronicles 36:15
  • 23. Proverbs 1:24; [ver. 27; Isaiah 50:2; Isaiah 65:12]
  • 24. Deuteronomy 12:5; 1 Kings 9:7
  • 25. [See ver. 10 above]
  • 26. [See ver. 12 above]
  • 27. [See ver. 14 above]
  • 28. 2 Kings 17:6, 23
  • 29. Psalms 78:67; Hosea 4:17; Hosea 5:3, 9; Hosea 6:4; Hosea 12:1
  • 30. Jeremiah 11:14; Jeremiah 14:11; [Exodus 32:10; Deuteronomy 9:14; 1 John 5:16]
  • 31. Hosea 7:4
  • 32. Jeremiah 44:17, 19
  • 33. [2 Kings 23:13]
  • 34. Jeremiah 19:13
  • 35. Jeremiah 11:17; Deuteronomy 32:16, 21; 1 Kings 14:9; 1 Kings 16:2; 2 Chronicles 34:25
  • 36. [Job 35:6]
  • 37. Jeremiah 51:51
  • 38. Jeremiah 42:18; Jeremiah 44:6; 2 Chronicles 34:25; Lamentations 4:11
  • 39. Jeremiah 17:27
  • 40. See Jeremiah 6:20
  • 41. Hosea 6:6
  • 42. Jeremiah 11:4, 7; Exodus 15:26; Deuteronomy 6:3
  • 43. Leviticus 26:12
  • 44. Deuteronomy 5:33
  • 45. Jeremiah 42:6; Deuteronomy 4:40
  • 46. Psalms 81:11
  • 47. Psalms 81:12
  • 48. [Jeremiah 3:17; Hosea 4:16]
  • 49. Jeremiah 2:19, 27; Jeremiah 8:5; Jeremiah 15:6; Jeremiah 32:33
  • 50. 2 Chronicles 36:15, 16
  • 51. [See ver. 24 above]
  • 52. 2 Chronicles 30:8
  • 53. Jeremiah 16:12
  • 54. Jeremiah 1:17
  • 55. [ver. 13]
  • 56. Jeremiah 9:3
  • 57. [Job 1:20]
  • 58. See Jeremiah 3:2
  • 59. Jeremiah 32:34; Ezekiel 5:11; Ezekiel 7:20; [Jeremiah 19:5; 2 Kings 21:4, 7]
  • 60. See ver. 10
  • 61. Jeremiah 32:34; Ezekiel 5:11; Ezekiel 7:20; [Jeremiah 19:5; 2 Kings 21:4, 7]
  • 62. 2 Kings 23:10
  • 63. [Jeremiah 31:40; Joshua 18:16]
  • 64. Psalms 106:38
  • 65. Deuteronomy 17:3; [ver. 21, 22]
  • 66. Jeremiah 19:6
  • 67. [See ver. 31 above]
  • 68. [See ver. 31 above]
  • 69. Jeremiah 19:11; [Ezekiel 6:5]
  • 70. Jeremiah 12:9; Jeremiah 16:4; Jeremiah 19:7; Jeremiah 34:20; Deuteronomy 28:26; Psalms 79:2
  • 71. [Isaiah 17:2]
  • 72. Jeremiah 16:9; Jeremiah 25:10; Psalms 78:63; Isaiah 24:7, 8; Revelation 18:22, 23; [Ezekiel 26:13; Hosea 2:11]
  • 73. Jeremiah 27:17; Jeremiah 44:2, 6; Leviticus 26:31, 33

Chapter Summary


In this chapter the Lord, by the prophet, calls the people of the Jews to repentance and reformation; reproves them for their vain confidence; and threatens them with destruction for their many sins, and particularly idolatry. The preface to all this is in Jer 7:1,2, the exhortation to amendment, encouraged to by a promise that they should dwell in the land, is in Jer 7:3, but this was not to be expected on account of the temple, and temple service; but through a thorough reformation of manners; an exercise of justice, and avoiding all oppression and idolatry, Jer 7:4-7, their vain confidence in the temple is exposed; they fancying that their standing there, and doing the service of it, would atone for their theft, murder, adultery, perjury, and idolatry; and that they might commit these with impunity; wherefore they are let to know, that so doing these they made the temple a house of thieves; and that for such wickedness, what the Lord had done to his place in Shiloh, which they are reminded of, he would to the temple, and to them, reject and cast them off, Jer 6:8-15, and seeing they also had a dependence on the prophet's prayer, he is bid not to pray for them, for his prayers would not he heard; and he is directed to observe their wretched idolatry, of which an instance is given, whereby they provoked the Lord to anger; and therefore he was determined to pour out his fury on man and beast, and on the trees and fruit of the field, Jer 7:16-20 and whereas they trusted in their burnt offerings and sacrifices, these are rejected, as being what were not originally commanded; but obedience to the moral law, and the precepts of it, which they refused to hearken to, though they were oft called upon to it by his servants the prophets, Jer 7:21-26, and it is foretold that the Prophet Jeremy would meet with the same treatment; that they would not hearken to his words, nor answer to his call; and therefore he should declare them a disobedient, incorrigible, and an unfaithful people, Jer 7:27,28 hence, either he, or Jerusalem, is called upon to cut off the hair, as a sign of mourning; for their rejection of the Lord, occasioned by their sins, and especially their idolatry, of which instances are given, Jer 7:29-31 and it is threatened that the place of their idolatry should be a place of slaughter and of burial, till there should be no room for more; and the carcasses of the rest should be the food of fowls and beasts; and all joy should cease from Judah and Jerusalem, Jer 7:32-34.

Jeremiah 7 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.