Jeremiah 49:7-22

Judgment on Edom

7 Concerning 1Edom. Thus says the LORD of hosts: 2"Is wisdom no more in 3Teman? 4Has counsel perished from the prudent? 5Has their wisdom vanished?
8 6Flee, turn back, dwell in the depths, O inhabitants of 7Dedan! For I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him, 8the time when I punish him.
9 9If grape-gatherers came to you, would they not leave 10gleanings? 11If thieves came by night, would they not destroy only enough for themselves?
10 12But I have stripped Esau bare; 13I have uncovered his hiding places, and he is not able to conceal himself. His children are destroyed, and his brothers, and his neighbors; and 14he is no more.
11 15Leave your fatherless children; I will keep them alive; 16and let your widows trust in me."
12 For thus says the LORD: 17"If those who did not deserve to drink the cup must drink it, 18will you go unpunished? You shall not go unpunished, but you must drink.
13 19For I have sworn by myself, declares the LORD, that 20Bozrah shall become 21a horror, a taunt, a waste, and a curse, and all her cities shall be perpetual wastes."
14 22I have heard a message from the LORD, and an envoy has been sent among the nations: 23"Gather yourselves together and come against her, and rise up for battle!
15 For behold, I will make you small among the nations, despised among mankind.
16 The horror you inspire has deceived you, and the pride of your heart, you who live in the clefts of the rock,[a] who hold the height of the hill. Though you 24make your nest as high as the eagle's, I will bring you down from there, declares the LORD.
17 25"Edom shall become a horror. 26Everyone who passes by it will be horrified 27and will hiss because of all its disasters.
18 28As when Sodom and Gomorrah and their 29neighboring cities were overthrown, says the LORD, 30no man shall dwell there, 31no man shall sojourn in her.
19 32Behold, 33like a lion coming up from 34the jungle of the Jordan against a perennial pasture, I will suddenly make him[b] run away from her. And I will appoint over her whomever I choose. 35For who is like me? 36Who will summon me? 37What shepherd can stand before me?
20 Therefore hear the plan that the LORD has made against 38Edom and the purposes that he has formed against the inhabitants of 39Teman: 40Even the little ones of the flock shall be dragged away. Surely their fold shall be appalled at their fate.
21 At the sound of their fall 41the earth shall tremble; the sound of their cry shall be heard at the Red Sea.
22 Behold, 42one shall mount up and fly swiftly like an eagle and spread his wings against 43Bozrah, and the heart of the warriors of Edom shall be in that day like the heart 44of a woman in her birth pains."

Jeremiah 49:7-22 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO JEREMIAH 49

This chapter contains prophecies concerning the judgments of God on several nations and kingdoms, chiefly bordering on the land of Israel; on the Ammonites, Jer 49:1-6; on the Edomites, Jer 49:7-22; on the kingdom of Damascus, or the Syrians, Jer 49:23-27; on the Kedarenes or Arabians, Jer 49:28-33; and on the Elamites or Persians, Jer 49:34-39.

Jeremiah 49:7-22 In-Context

5 Behold, I will bring terror upon you, declares the Lord GOD of hosts, from all who are around you, and you shall be driven out, every man straight before him, with none to gather the fugitives.
6 "But afterward I will restore the fortunes of the Ammonites, declares the LORD."
7 Concerning Edom. Thus says the LORD of hosts: "Is wisdom no more in Teman? Has counsel perished from the prudent? Has their wisdom vanished?
8 Flee, turn back, dwell in the depths, O inhabitants of Dedan! For I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him, the time when I punish him.
9 If grape-gatherers came to you, would they not leave gleanings? If thieves came by night, would they not destroy only enough for themselves?
10 But I have stripped Esau bare; I have uncovered his hiding places, and he is not able to conceal himself. His children are destroyed, and his brothers, and his neighbors; and he is no more.
11 Leave your fatherless children; I will keep them alive; and let your widows trust in me."
12 For thus says the LORD: "If those who did not deserve to drink the cup must drink it, will you go unpunished? You shall not go unpunished, but you must drink.
13 For I have sworn by myself, declares the LORD, that Bozrah shall become a horror, a taunt, a waste, and a curse, and all her cities shall be perpetual wastes."
14 I have heard a message from the LORD, and an envoy has been sent among the nations: "Gather yourselves together and come against her, and rise up for battle!
15 For behold, I will make you small among the nations, despised among mankind.
16 The horror you inspire has deceived you, and the pride of your heart, you who live in the clefts of the rock, who hold the height of the hill. Though you make your nest as high as the eagle's, I will bring you down from there, declares the LORD.
17 "Edom shall become a horror. Everyone who passes by it will be horrified and will hiss because of all its disasters.
18 As when Sodom and Gomorrah and their neighboring cities were overthrown, says the LORD, no man shall dwell there, no man shall sojourn in her.
19 Behold, like a lion coming up from the jungle of the Jordan against a perennial pasture, I will suddenly make him run away from her. And I will appoint over her whomever I choose. For who is like me? Who will summon me? What shepherd can stand before me?
20 Therefore hear the plan that the LORD has made against Edom and the purposes that he has formed against the inhabitants of Teman: Even the little ones of the flock shall be dragged away. Surely their fold shall be appalled at their fate.
21 At the sound of their fall the earth shall tremble; the sound of their cry shall be heard at the Red Sea.
22 Behold, one shall mount up and fly swiftly like an eagle and spread his wings against Bozrah, and the heart of the warriors of Edom shall be in that day like the heart of a woman in her birth pains."
23 Concerning Damascus: "Hamath and Arpad are confounded, for they have heard bad news; they melt in fear, they are troubled like the sea that cannot be quiet.
24 Damascus has become feeble, she turned to flee, and panic seized her; anguish and sorrows have taken hold of her, as of a woman in labor.

Cross References 44

  • 1. Jeremiah 25:21; Isaiah 34:5; Amos 1:11; Obadiah 1; [Malachi 1:2]; See Ezekiel 25:12-14
  • 2. ver. 20; Obadiah 9
  • 3. ver. 20; Obadiah 9
  • 4. [Isaiah 19:11, 12]
  • 5. [Isaiah 19:11, 12]
  • 6. ver. 30
  • 7. Jeremiah 25:23; Genesis 25:3
  • 8. Jeremiah 50:27, 31">ch. Jeremiah 50:27, 31; [Jeremiah 46:21; Jeremiah 50:27]
  • 9. Obad. 5, 6
  • 10. [Judges 8:2]
  • 11. Obad. 5, 6
  • 12. Malachi 1:3
  • 13. [See ver. 9 above]
  • 14. Jeremiah 31:15; Isaiah 17:14
  • 15. [Psalms 10:14, 18; Psalms 68:5]
  • 16. [Psalms 10:14, 18; Psalms 68:5]
  • 17. Jeremiah 25:28; [Obadiah 16]
  • 18. Jeremiah 25:29
  • 19. See Jeremiah 22:5
  • 20. ver. 22; See Jeremiah 48:24
  • 21. See Jeremiah 24:9
  • 22. See Obad. 1-4
  • 23. [Isaiah 13:4]
  • 24. [Jeremiah 48:28]
  • 25. Ezek. 35:3, 7, 9
  • 26. [Jeremiah 50:13]
  • 27. [Jeremiah 50:13]
  • 28. See Isaiah 13:19
  • 29. [Deuteronomy 29:23]
  • 30. ver. 33
  • 31. ver. 33
  • 32. For ver. 19-21, see Jeremiah 50:44-46
  • 33. See Jeremiah 4:7
  • 34. See Jeremiah 12:5
  • 35. See Jeremiah 10:6
  • 36. Job 9:19
  • 37. [Jeremiah 30:21]
  • 38. Ezek. 35:3, 7, 9
  • 39. See ver. 7
  • 40. Jeremiah 50:45
  • 41. Jeremiah 8:16; Jeremiah 50:46; [Ezekiel 26:15]
  • 42. See Jeremiah 48:40
  • 43. ver. 13
  • 44. ver. 24; See Jeremiah 6:24

Footnotes 2