Afterward he appeared unto the eleven
Apostles; for this was now the number of them, Judas being gone from them, and dead; and they were so called, though Thomas was not now with them, because their whole company consisted of this number: this appearance of Christ to them was on the same first day of the week, at evening, ( John 20:19 ) , though it must be very late at night; for it was after the two above disciples were returned from Emmaus, where Christ and they had supped together; see ( Luke 24:29 Luke 24:30 Luke 24:33 Luke 24:36 ) ;
as they sat at meat;
or "sat together"; being assembled together, and the doors shut fast for fear of the Jews, ( John 20:19 ) , and so the Arabic renders it, "while they were gathered together"; and the Persic version, "who being gathered together were sitting": nor does the word necessarily signify sitting at meat; nor is it very likely that they should be eating so late at night; though it is probable they had been eating, as seems from ( Luke 24:41-43 ) ;
and upbraided them with their unbelief, and hardness of heart:
not but that their hearts were very contrite for their sinful carriage to Christ; and very much humbled they were under the present dispensation: their hearts were much affected, and they were filled with sorrow and trouble for the loss of Christ; but in this point their unbelief increased by their fears, and so much prevailed, that all that were said by one, and another, made no impression on them: and a great aggravation of their incredulity, and a reason of Christ's upbraiding them in this manner were,
because they believed not them which had seen him after he was
as Mary Magdalene, and the other women, and Cleophas, and the other disciple that was with him, who were eyewitnesses that he was risen from the dead; and such as might have been depended on.