Matthew 8

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Jesus Cleanses a Leper

1 When he came down from the mountain, 1great crowds followed him.
2 2And behold, a leper[a] came to him and 3knelt before him, saying, "Lord, if you will, you can make me clean."
3 And Jesus[b] stretched out his hand and touched him, saying, "I will; be clean." And immediately his leprosy was cleansed.
4 And Jesus said to him, 4"See that you say nothing to anyone, but go, 5show yourself to the priest and 6offer the gift that Moses commanded, 7for a proof to them."

The Faith of a Centurion

5 8When he entered Capernaum, a centurion came forward to him, appealing to him,
6 "Lord, my servant is lying paralyzed at home, suffering terribly."
7 And he said to him, "I will come and heal him."
8 But the centurion replied, "Lord, I am not worthy to have you come under my roof, but 9only say the word, and my servant will be healed.
9 For I too am a man under authority, with soldiers under me. And I say to one, 'Go,' and he goes, and to another, 'Come,' and he comes, and to my servant,[c]'Do this,' and he does it."
10 When Jesus heard this, 10he marveled and said to those who followed him, "Truly, I tell you, with 11no one in Israel[d] have I found such faith.
11 I tell you, 12many will come from east and west and recline at table with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven,
12 13while the sons of the kingdom 14will be thrown into the outer darkness. In that place 15there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth."
13 And to the centurion Jesus said, "Go; let it be done for you 16as you have believed." 17And the servant was healed at that very moment.

Jesus Heals Many

14 18And when Jesus entered Peter's house, he saw 19his mother-in-law lying sick with a fever.
15 He 20touched her hand, and the fever left her, and she rose and began to serve him.
16 That evening they brought to him many who were 21oppressed by demons, and he cast out the spirits 22with a word and healed all who were sick.
17 23This was to fulfill what was spoken by the prophet Isaiah: 24"He took our illnesses and bore our diseases."

The Cost of Following Jesus

18 Now 25when Jesus saw a crowd around him, 26he gave orders to go over to the other side.
19 27And a scribe came up and said to him, "Teacher, I will follow you wherever you go."
20 And Jesus said to him, "Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head."
21 Another of the disciples said to him, "Lord, let me first go and bury my father."
22 And Jesus said to him, "Follow me, and leave 28the dead to bury their own dead."

Jesus Calms a Storm

23 29And when he got into the boat, his disciples followed him.
24 And behold, there arose a great storm on the sea, so that the boat was being swamped by the waves; but 30he was asleep.
25 And they went and woke him, saying, 31"Save us, Lord; we are perishing."
26 And he said to them, "Why are you 32afraid, 33O you of little faith?" Then he rose and 34rebuked the winds and the sea, and 35there was a great calm.
27 And the men 36marveled, saying, "What sort of man is this, that even 37winds and sea obey him?"

Jesus Heals Two Men with Demons

28 38And when he came to the other side, to the country of the Gadarenes,[e] two 39demon-possessed[f] men met him, coming out of the tombs, so fierce that no one could pass that way.
29 And behold, they 40cried out, "What have you to do with us, 41O Son of God? Have you come here to torment us 42before the time?"
30 Now a herd of many pigs was feeding at some distance from them.
31 And the demons begged him, saying, "If you cast us out, send us away into the herd of pigs."
32 And he said to them, "Go." So they came out and went into the pigs, and behold, the whole herd rushed down the steep bank into the sea and drowned in the waters.
33 The herdsmen fled, and going into the city they told everything, especially what had happened to the 43demon-possessed men.
34 And behold, all the city came out to meet Jesus, and when they saw him, 44they begged him to leave their region.

Matthew 8 Commentary

Chapter 8

Multitudes follow Christ. (1) He heals a leper. (2-4) A centurion's servant healed. (5-13) Cure of Peter's wife's mother. (14-17) The scribe's zealous proposal. (18-22) Christ in a storm. (23-27) He heals two possessed with devils. (28-34)

Verse 1 This verse refers to the close of the foregoing sermon. Those to whom Christ has made himself known, desire to know more of him.

Verses 2-4 In these verses we have an account of Christ's cleansing a leper, who came and worshipped him, as one clothed with Divine power. This cleansing directs us, not only to apply to Christ, who has power over bodily diseases, for the cure of them, but it also teaches us in what manner to apply to him. When we cannot be sure of God's will, we may be sure of his wisdom and mercy. No guilt is so great, but there is that in Christ's blood which atones for it; no corruption so strong, but there is that in his grace which can subdue it. To be made clean we must commend ourselves to his pity; we cannot demand it as a debt, but we must humbly request it as a favour. Those who by faith apply to Christ for mercy and grace, may be sure that he is freely willing to give them the mercy and grace they thus seek. And those afflictions are blessed that bring us to know Christ, and cause us to seek help and salvation from him. Let those who are cleansed from their spiritual leprosy, go to Christ's ministers and open their case, that they may advise, comfort, and pray for them.

Verses 5-13 This centurion was a heathen, a Roman soldier. Though he was a soldier, yet he was a godly man. No man's calling or place will be an excuse for unbelief and sin. See how he states his servant's case. We should concern ourselves for the souls of our children and servants, who are spiritually sick, who feel not spiritual evils, who know not that which is spiritually good; and we should bring them to Christ by faith and prayers. Observe his self-abasement. Humble souls are made more humble by Christ's gracious dealings with them. Observe his great faith. The more diffident we are of ourselves, the stronger will be our confidence in Christ. Herein the centurion owns him to have Divine power, and a full command of all the creatures and powers of nature, as a master over his servants. Such servants we all should be to God; we must go and come, according to the directions of his word and the disposals of his providence. But when the Son of man comes he finds little faith, therefore he finds little fruit. An outward profession may cause us to be called children of the kingdom; but if we rest in that, and have nothing else to show, we shall be cast out. The servant got a cure of his disease, and the master got the approval of his faith. What was said to him, is said to all, Believe, and ye shall receive; only believe. See the power of Christ, and the power of faith. The healing of our souls is at once the effect and evidence of our interest in the blood of Christ.

Verses 14-17 Peter had a wife, yet was an apostle of Christ, who showed that he approved of the married state, by being thus kind to Peter's wife's relations. The church of Rome, which forbids ministers to marry, goes contrary to that apostle upon whom they rest so much. He had his wife's mother with him in his family, which is an example to be kind to our relations. In spiritual healing, the Scripture speaks the word, the Spirit gives the touch, touches the heart, touches the hand. Those who recover from fevers, commonly are weak and feeble some time after; but to show that this cure was above the power of nature, the woman was at once so well as to go about the business of the house. The miracles which Jesus did being noised abroad, many thronged to him. He healed all that were sick, though the patient was ever so mean, and the case ever so bad. Many are the diseases and calamities to which we are liable in the body; and there is more, in those words of the gospel, that Jesus Christ bore our sicknesses and carried our sorrows, to support and comfort us under them, than in all the writings of the philosophers. Let us not grudge labour, trouble, or expense in doing good to others.

Verses 18-22 One of the scribes was too hasty in promising; he proffers himself to be a close follower of Christ. He seems to be very resolute. Many resolutions for religion are produced by sudden conviction, and taken up without due consideration; these come to nothing. When this scribe offered to follow Christ, one would think he should have been encouraged; one scribe might do more credit and service than twelve fishermen; but Christ saw his heart, and answered to its thoughts, and therein teaches all how to come to Christ. His resolve seems to have been from a worldly, covetous principle; but Christ had not a place to lay his head on, and if he follows him, he must not expect to fare better than he fared. We have reason to think this scribe went away. Another was too slow. Delay in doing is as bad on the one hand, as hastiness in resolving is on the other. He asked leave to attend his father to his grave, and then he would be at Christ's service. This seemed reasonable, yet it was not right. He had not true zeal for the work. Burying the dead, especially a dead father, is a good work, but it is not thy work at this time. If Christ requires our service, affection even for the nearest and dearest relatives, and for things otherwise our duty, must give way. An unwilling mind never wants an excuse. Jesus said to him, Follow me; and, no doubt, power went with this word to him as to others; he did follow Christ, and cleaved to him. The scribe said, I will follow thee; to this man Christ said, Follow me; comparing them together, it shows that we are brought to Christ by the force of his call to us, ( Romans 9:16 ) .

Verses 23-27 It is a comfort to those who go down to the sea in ships, and are often in perils there, to reflect that they have a Saviour to trust in and pray to, who knows what it is to be on the water, and to be in storms there. Those who are passing with Christ over the ocean of this world, must expect storms. His human nature, like to ours in every thing but sin, was wearied, and he slept at this time to try the faith of his disciples. They, in their fear, came to their Master. Thus is it in a soul; when lusts and temptations are swelling and raging, and God is, as it were, asleep to it, this brings it to the brink of despair. Then it cries for a word from his mouth, Lord Jesus, keep not silence to me, or I am undone. Many that have true faith, are weak in it. Christ's disciples are apt to be disquieted with fears in a stormy day; to torment themselves that things are bad with them, and with dismal thoughts that they will be worse. Great storms of doubt and fear in the soul, under the power of the spirit of bondage, sometimes end in a wonderful calm, created and spoken by the Spirit of adoption. They were astonished. They never saw a storm so turned at once into a perfect calm. He that can do this, can do any thing, which encourages confidence and comfort in him, in the most stormy day, within or without, ( Isaiah 26:4 ) .

Verses 28-34 The devils have nothing to do with Christ as a Saviour; they neither have, nor hope for any benefit from him. Oh the depth of this mystery of Divine love; that fallen man has so much to do with Christ, when fallen angels have nothing to do with him! ( Hebrews 2:16 ) . Surely here was torment, to be forced to own the excellence that is in Christ, and yet they had no part in him. The devils desire not to have any thing to do with Christ as a Ruler. See whose language those speak, who will have nothing to do with the gospel of Christ. But it is not true that the devils have nothing to do with Christ as a Judge; for they have, and they know it, and thus it is with all the children of men. Satan and his instruments can go no further than he permits; they must quit possession when he commands. They cannot break his hedge of protection about his people; they cannot enter even a swine without his leave. They had leave. God often, for wise and holy ends, permits the efforts of Satan's rage. Thus the devil hurries people to sin; hurries them to what they have resolved against, which they know will be shame and grief to them: miserable is the condition of those who are led captive by him at his will. There are a great many who prefer their swine before the Saviour, and so come short of Christ and salvation by him. They desire Christ to depart out of their hearts, and will not suffer his word to have place in them, because he and his word would destroy their brutish lusts, those swine which they give themselves up to feed. And justly will Christ forsake all that are weary of him; and say hereafter, Depart, ye cursed, to those who now say to the Almighty, Depart from us.

Cross References 44

  • 1. Matthew 4:25
  • 2. For ver. 2-4, see Mark 1:40-44; Luke 5:12-14
  • 3. [Matthew 18:26; Acts 10:25]
  • 4. Matthew 9:30; Matthew 17:9; Mark 1:34; Mark 5:43; Mark 7:36; Mark 8:26; See Matthew 12:16
  • 5. Luke 17:14
  • 6. Leviticus 14:2-32
  • 7. Matthew 10:18; Matthew 24:14; Mark 6:11; Luke 9:5; James 5:3
  • 8. For ver. 5-13, see Luke 7:1-10
  • 9. Psalms 107:20; [ver. 16]
  • 10. [Mark 6:6]
  • 11. See Matthew 9:2
  • 12. Luke 13:29; Ephesians 3:6; [Isaiah 59:19; Malachi 1:11]
  • 13. Luke 13:28; [Matthew 19:30; Matthew 21:41, 43]
  • 14. Matthew 22:13; Matthew 25:30
  • 15. Matthew 13:42, 50; Matthew 22:13; Matthew 24:51; Matthew 25:30; Luke 13:28
  • 16. Matthew 9:29
  • 17. John 4:53; [Matthew 9:22]
  • 18. For ver. 14-16, see Mark 1:29-34; Luke 4:38-41
  • 19. 1 Corinthians 9:5
  • 20. [Matthew 9:25]
  • 21. ver. 28, 33; See Matthew 4:24
  • 22. [ver. 8]
  • 23. See Matthew 1:22
  • 24. Cited from Isaiah 53:4
  • 25. [Matthew 14:22; John 6:15-17]
  • 26. Mark 4:35; Luke 8:22
  • 27. For ver. 19-22, see Luke 9:57-60
  • 28. [John 5:25]
  • 29. For ver. 23-27, see Mark 4:36-41; Luke 8:22-25; [John 6:16-21]
  • 30. [John 4:6, 7]
  • 31. [Matthew 14:30]
  • 32. John 14:27
  • 33. See Matthew 6:30
  • 34. Psalms 104:6, 7; [Luke 4:39]
  • 35. Job 38:11; Psalms 65:7; [Matthew 14:32]
  • 36. [Mark 1:27]
  • 37. [Luke 5:9]
  • 38. For ch. 8:28 - 9:1, see Mark 5:1-21; Luke 8:26-40
  • 39. ver. 16; [Revelation 18:2]
  • 40. Mark 1:23, 24, 26; Luke 4:34; Acts 8:7
  • 41. [Matthew 4:3, 6]; See Matthew 14:33
  • 42. [Revelation 12:12]
  • 43. ver. 16
  • 44. [1 Kings 17:18; Luke 5:8; Acts 16:39]

Footnotes 6

  • [a]. Leprosy was a term for several skin diseases; see Leviticus 13
  • [b]. Greek he
  • [c]. Greek bondservant
  • [d]. Some manuscripts not even in Israel
  • [e]. Some manuscripts Gergesenes; some Gerasenes
  • [f]. Greek daimonizomai; also verse 33; elsewhere rendered oppressed by demons

Matthew 8 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.