Matthew 9

Listen to Matthew 9

Jesus Heals a Paralytic

1 And getting into a boat he crossed over and came to 1his own city.
2 2And behold, some people brought to him a paralytic, lying on a bed. And when Jesus 3saw their faith, he said to the paralytic, 4"Take heart, my son; 5your sins are forgiven."
3 And behold, some of the scribes said to themselves, 6"This man is blaspheming."
4 But Jesus, 7knowing[a] their thoughts, said, "Why do you think evil in your hearts?
5 For which is easier, to say, 'Your sins are forgiven,' or to say, 'Rise and walk'?
6 But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins"--he then said to the paralytic-- "Rise, pick up your bed and go home."
7 And he rose and went home.
8 When the crowds saw it, 8they were afraid, and 9they glorified God, who had 10given such authority to men.

Jesus Calls Matthew

9 11As Jesus passed on from there, he saw a man called 12Matthew sitting at the tax booth, and he said to him, "Follow me." And he rose and followed him.
10 And as Jesus[b] reclined at table in the house, behold, many 13tax collectors and sinners came and were reclining with Jesus and his disciples.
11 And when the Pharisees saw this, they said to his disciples, 14"Why does your teacher eat with 15tax collectors and sinners?"
12 But when he heard it, he said, "Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick.
13 Go and learn 16what this means, 17'I desire mercy, and not sacrifice.' For 18I came not to call the righteous, 19but sinners."

A Question About Fasting

14 Then 20the disciples of John came to him, saying, 21"Why do we and 22the Pharisees fast,[c] but your disciples do not fast?"
15 And Jesus said to them, 23"Can the wedding guests mourn as long as the bridegroom is with them? 24The days will come when the bridegroom is taken away from them, and 25then they will fast.
16 No one puts a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old garment, for the patch tears away from the garment, and a worse tear is made.
17 Neither is new wine put into old 26wineskins. If it is, the skins burst and the wine is spilled and the skins are destroyed. But new wine is put into fresh wineskins, and so both are preserved."

A Girl Restored to Life and a Woman Healed

18 27While he was saying these things to them, behold, a ruler came in and 28knelt before him, saying, "My daughter has just died, but come and lay your hand on her, and she will live."
19 And Jesus rose and followed him, with his disciples.
20 And behold, a woman 29who had suffered from a discharge of blood for twelve years came up behind him and touched 30the fringe of his garment,
21 for she said to herself, "If I only touch his garment, I will be made well."
22 Jesus turned, and seeing her he said, 31"Take heart, daughter; your faith has made you well." 32And instantly[d] the woman was made well.
23 And when Jesus came to the ruler's house and saw 33the flute players and the crowd making a commotion,
24 he said, "Go away, for 34the girl is not dead but 35sleeping." And they laughed at him.
25 But 36when the crowd had been put outside, he went in and 37took her by the hand, and the girl arose.
26 And the report of this went through all that district.

Jesus Heals Two Blind Men

27 38And as Jesus passed on from there, two blind men followed him, crying aloud, "Have mercy on us, 39Son of David."
28 When he entered the house, the blind men came to him, and Jesus said to them, "Do you believe that I am able to do this?" They said to him, "Yes, Lord."
29 40Then he touched their eyes, saying, 41"According to your faith be it done to you."
30 And their eyes were opened. And Jesus sternly warned them, 42"See that no one knows about it."
31 43But they went away and spread his fame through all that district.

Jesus Heals a Man Unable to Speak

32 As they were going away, behold, a 44demon-oppressed man who was mute 45was brought to him.
33 And when the demon had been cast out, the mute man spoke. And the crowds 46marveled, saying, "Never was anything like this seen in Israel."
34 But the Pharisees said, "He casts out demons by the prince of demons."

The Harvest Is Plentiful, the Laborers Few

35 47And Jesus went throughout all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the gospel of the kingdom and healing every disease and every affliction.
36 48When he saw the crowds, 49he had compassion for them, because they were harassed and helpless, 50like sheep without a shepherd.
37 51Then he said to his disciples, "The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few;
38 therefore 52pray earnestly to the Lord of the harvest to 53send out laborers into his harvest."

Matthew 9 Commentary

Chapter 9

Jesus returns to Capernaum, and heals a paralytic. (1-8) Matthew called. (9) Matthew, or Levi's feast. (10-13) Objections of John's disciples. (14-17) Christ raises the daughter of Jairus, He heals the issue of blood. (18-26) He heals two blind men. (27-31) Christ casts out a dumb spirit. (32-34) He sends forth the apostles. (35-38)

Verses 1-8 The faith of the friends of the paralytic in bringing him to Christ, was a strong faith; they firmly believed that Jesus Christ both could and would heal him. A strong faith regards no obstacles in pressing after Christ. It was a humble faith; they brought him to attend on Christ. It was an active faith. Sin may be pardoned, yet the sickness not be removed; the sickness may be removed, yet the sin not pardoned: but if we have the comfort of peace with God, with the comfort of recovery from sickness, this makes the healing a mercy indeed. This is no encouragement to sin. If thou bring thy sins to Jesus Christ, as thy malady and misery to be cured of, and delivered from, it is well; but to come with them, as thy darlings and delight, thinking still to retain them and receive him, is a gross mistake, a miserable delusion. The great intention of the blessed Jesus in the redemption he wrought, is to separate our hearts from sin. Our Lord Jesus has perfect knowledge of all that we say within ourselves. There is a great deal of evil in sinful thoughts, which is very offensive to the Lord Jesus. Christ designed to show that his great errand to the world was, to save his people from their sins. He turned from disputing with the scribes, and spake healing to the sick man. Not only he had no more need to be carried upon his bed, but he had strength to carry it. God must be glorified in all the power that is given to do good.

Verse 9 Matthew was in his calling, as the rest of those whom Christ called. As Satan comes with his temptations to the idle, so Christ comes with his calls to those who are employed. We are all naturally averse from thee, O God; do thou bid us to follow thee; draw us by thy powerful word, and we shall run after thee. Speak by the word of the Spirit to our hearts, the world cannot hold us down, Satan cannot stop our way, we shall arise and follow thee. A saving change is wrought in the soul, by Christ as the author, and his word as the means. Neither Matthew's place, nor his gains by it, could detain him, when Christ called him. He left it, and though we find the disciples, who were fishers, occasionally fishing again afterwards, we never more find Matthew at his sinful gain.

Verses 10-13 Some time after his call, Matthew sought to bring his old associates to hear Christ. He knew by experience what the grace of Christ could do, and would not despair concerning them. Those who are effectually brought to Christ, cannot but desire that others also may be brought to him. Those who suppose their souls to be without disease will not welcome the spiritual Physician. This was the case with the Pharisees; they despised Christ, because they thought themselves whole; but the poor publicans and sinners felt that they wanted instruction and amendment. It is easy, and too common, to put the worst constructions upon the best words and actions. It may justly be suspected that those have not the grace of God themselves, who are not pleased with others' obtaining it. Christ's conversing with sinners is here called mercy; for to promote the conversion of souls is the greatest act of mercy. The gospel call is a call to repentance; a call to us to change our minds, and to change our ways. If the children of men had not been sinners, there had been no need for Christ to come among them. Let us examine whether we have found out our sickness, and have learned to follow the directions of our great Physician.

Verses 14-17 John was at this time in prison; his circumstances, his character, and the nature of the message he was sent to deliver, led those who were peculiarly attached to him, to keep frequent fasts. Christ referred them to John's testimony of him, Joh. 3:29 . Though there is no doubt that Jesus and his disciples lived in a spare and frugal manner, it would be improper for his disciples to fast while they had the comfort of his presence. When he is with them, all is well. The presence of the sun makes day, and its absence produces night. Our Lord further reminded them of common rules of prudence. It was not usual to take a piece of rough woolen cloth, which had never been prepared, to join to an old garment, for it would not join well with the soft, old garment, but would tear it further, and the rent would be made worse. Nor would men put new wine into old leathern bottles, which were going to decay, and would be liable to burst from the fermenting of the wine; but putting the new wine into strong, new, skin bottles, both would be preserved. Great caution and prudence are necessary, that young converts may not receive gloomy and forbidding ideas of the service of our Lord; but duties are to be urged as they are able to bear them.

Verses 18-26 The death of our relations should drive us to Christ, who is our life. And it is high honour to the greatest rulers to attend on the Lord Jesus; and those who would receive mercy from Christ, must honour him. The variety of methods Christ took in working his miracles, perhaps was because of the different frames and tempers of mind, which those were in who came to him, and which He who searches the heart perfectly knew. A poor woman applied herself to Christ, and received mercy from him by the way. If we do but touch, as it were, the hem of Christ's garment by living faith, our worst evils will be healed; there is no other real cure, nor need we fear his knowing things which are a grief and burden to us, but which we would not tell to any earthly friend. When Christ entered the ruler's house, he said, Give place. Sometimes, when the sorrow of the world prevails, it is difficult for Christ and his comforts to enter. The ruler's daughter was really dead, but not so to Christ. The death of the righteous is in a special manner to be looked on as only a sleep. The words and works of Christ may not at first be understood, yet they are not therefore to be despised. The people were put forth. Scorners who laugh at what they do not understand, are not proper witnesses of the wonderful works of Christ. Dead souls are not raised to spiritual life, unless Christ take them by the hand: it is done in the day of his power. If this single instance of Christ's raising one newly dead so increased his fame, what will be his glory when all that are in their graves shall hear his voice, and come forth; those that have done good to the resurrection of life, and those that have done evil to the resurrection of damnation!

Verses 27-31 At this time the Jews expected Messiah would appear; these blind men knew and proclaimed in the streets of Capernaum that he was come, and that Jesus was he. Those who, by the providence of God, have lost their bodily sight, may, by the grace of God, have the eyes of their understanding fully enlightened. And whatever our wants and burdens are, we need no more for supply and support, than to share in the mercy of our Lord Jesus. In Christ is enough for all. They followed him crying aloud. He would try their faith, and would teach us always to pray, and not to faint, though the answer does not come at once. They followed Christ, and followed him crying; but the great question is, Do ye believe? Nature may make us earnest, but it is only grace that can work faith. Christ touched their eyes. He gives sight to blind souls by the power of his grace going with his word, and he puts the cure upon their faith. Those who apply to Jesus Christ, shall be dealt with, not according to their fancies, nor according to their profession, but according to their faith. Christ sometimes concealed his miracles, because he would not indulge the conceit which prevailed among the Jews, that their Messiah should be a temporal prince, and so give occasion to the people to attempt tumults and seditions.

Verses 32-34 Of the two, better a dumb devil than a blaspheming one. Christ's cures strike at the root, and remove the effect by taking away the cause; they open the lips, by breaking Satan's power in the soul. Nothing can convince those who are under the power of pride. They will believe anything, however false or absurd, rather than the Holy Scriptures; thus they show the enmity of their hearts against a holy God.

Verses 35-38 Jesus visited not only the great and wealthy cities, but the poor, obscure villages; and there he preached, there he healed. The souls of the meanest in the world are as precious to Christ, and should be so to us, as the souls of those who make the greatest figure. There were priests, Levites, and scribes, all over the land; but they were idol shepherds, ( Zechariah 11:17 ) ; therefore Christ had compassion on the people as sheep scattered, as men perishing for lack of knowledge. To this day vast multitudes are as sheep not having a shepherd, and we should have compassion and do all we can to help them. The multitudes desirous of spiritual instruction formed a plenteous harvest, needing many active labourers; but few deserved that character. Christ is the Lord of the harvest. Let us pray that many may be raised up and sent forth, who will labour in bringing souls to Christ. It is a sign that God is about to bestow some special mercy upon a people, when he stirs them up to pray for it. And commissions given to labourers in answer to prayer, are most likely to be successful.

Cross References 53

  • 1. Matthew 4:13; [Mark 2:1]
  • 2. For ver. 2-8, see Mark 2:3-12; Luke 5:18-26
  • 3. ver. 22, 29; Matthew 8:10, 13; Matthew 15:28; Mark 10:52; Luke 7:9, 50; Luke 17:19; Luke 18:42; Acts 3:16; Acts 14:9; James 5:15
  • 4. ver. 22
  • 5. Luke 7:48; [John 5:14]
  • 6. Matthew 26:65; John 10:36
  • 7. Matthew 12:25; John 2:24, 25
  • 8. See Luke 7:16
  • 9. See Luke 7:16
  • 10. Matthew 28:18
  • 11. For ver. 9-17, see Mark 2:14-22; Luke 5:27-38
  • 12. Matthew 10:3; Mark 3:18; Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13
  • 13. Matthew 11:19; See Matthew 5:46
  • 14. [Luke 15:2]
  • 15. [See ver. 10 above]
  • 16. Matthew 12:7
  • 17. Cited from Hosea 6:6; [Matthew 23:23; Mark 12:33]
  • 18. [Luke 15:7; John 9:39]
  • 19. 1 Timothy 1:15
  • 20. Matthew 11:2; John 4:12">1John 4:12; Luke 11:1; John 1:35; John 3:25; John 4:1; [Acts 18:25; Acts 19:3]
  • 21. [Matthew 15:2]
  • 22. Luke 18:12
  • 23. John 3:29
  • 24. See Luke 17:22
  • 25. [John 16:20]
  • 26. Joshua 9:4
  • 27. For ver. 18-26, see Mark 5:22-43; Luke 8:41-56
  • 28. See Matthew 8:2
  • 29. Leviticus 15:25
  • 30. Matthew 14:36; Matthew 23:5; [Numbers 15:38, 39; Deuteronomy 22:12]
  • 31. ver. 2; See Luke 7:50
  • 32. Matthew 15:28; Matthew 17:18; [Matthew 8:13]
  • 33. Revelation 18:22
  • 34. [Acts 20:10]
  • 35. John 11:4, 11
  • 36. Acts 9:40
  • 37. Mark 9:27; Acts 3:7; Acts 9:41
  • 38. [Matthew 20:30-34]
  • 39. Matthew 12:23; Matthew 15:22; Matthew 20:30, 31; Matthew 22:42; See Matthew 1:1
  • 40. Mark 8:25; John 9:6
  • 41. See ver. 2
  • 42. See Matthew 8:4
  • 43. Mark 1:45; Mark 7:36
  • 44. [Matthew 12:22-24; Luke 11:14, 15]
  • 45. See Matthew 4:24
  • 46. [Mark 1:27]
  • 47. See Matthew 4:23, 24
  • 48. [Matthew 14:14]
  • 49. Mark 6:34
  • 50. Numbers 27:17; 1 Kings 22:17; Ezekiel 34:5
  • 51. Luke 10:2; John 4:35
  • 52. [2 Thessalonians 3:1]
  • 53. Matthew 20:2; [Mark 1:12]

Footnotes 4

Matthew 9 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.