Now the people of Reuben and the people of Gad had a very great number of livestock. And they saw the land of 1Jazer and the land of Gilead, and behold, the place was a place for livestock.
So the people of Gad and the people of Reuben came and said to Moses and to Eleazar the priest and to the chiefs of the congregation,
2"Ataroth, 3Dibon, Jazer, Nimrah, Heshbon, Elealeh, Sebam, 4Nebo, and Beon,
the land 5that the LORD struck down before the congregation of Israel, is a land for livestock, and your servants have livestock."
And they said, "If we have found favor in your sight, let this land be given to your servants for a possession. Do not take us across the Jordan."
But Moses said to the people of Gad and to the people of Reuben, "Shall your brothers go to the war while you sit here?
Why will you discourage the heart of the people of Israel from going over into the land that the LORD has given them?
Your fathers did this, 6when I sent them from Kadesh-barnea to see the land.
For when they went up to the Valley of Eshcol and saw the land, they discouraged the heart of the people of Israel from going into the land that the LORD had given them.
7And the LORD's anger was kindled on that day, and he swore, saying,
'Surely none of the men who came up out of Egypt, 8from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land that I swore to give 9to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, because they have not wholly followed me,
none except Caleb the son of Jephunneh the 10Kenizzite and Joshua the son of Nun, for 11they have wholly followed the LORD.'
And the LORD's anger was kindled against Israel, and he made them 12wander in the wilderness forty years, until 13all the generation that had done evil in the sight of the LORD was gone.
And behold, you have risen in your fathers' place, a brood of sinful men, to increase still more the fierce anger of the LORD against Israel!
For if you 14turn away from following him, he will again abandon them in the wilderness, and you will destroy all this people."
Then they came near to him and said, 15"We will build sheepfolds here for our livestock, and cities for our little ones,
but 16we will take up arms, ready to go before the people of Israel, until we have brought them to their place. And our little ones shall live in the fortified cities because of the inhabitants of the land.
17We will not return to our homes until each of the people of Israel has gained his inheritance.
For we will not inherit with them on the other side of the Jordan and beyond, 18because our inheritance has come to us on this side of the Jordan to the east."
So 19Moses said to them, "If you will do this, if you will take up arms to go before the LORD for the war,
and every armed man of you will pass over the Jordan before the LORD, until he has 20driven out his enemies from before him
and the land is subdued before the LORD; then after that you shall return and be free of obligation to the LORD and to Israel, and 21this land shall be your possession before the LORD.
But if you will not do so, behold, you have sinned against the LORD, and 22be sure your sin will find you out.
23Build cities for your little ones and folds for your sheep, and do what you have promised."
And the people of Gad and the people of Reuben said to Moses, "Your servants will do as my lord commands.
24Our little ones, our wives, our livestock, and all our cattle shall remain there in the cities of Gilead,
25but your servants will pass over, every man who is 26armed for war, before the LORD to battle, as my lord orders."
So 27Moses gave command concerning them to Eleazar the priest and to 28Joshua the son of Nun and to the heads of the fathers' houses of the tribes of the people of Israel.
And Moses said to them, "If the people of Gad and the people of Reuben, every man who is armed to battle before the LORD, will pass with you over the Jordan and the land shall be subdued before you, then you shall give them the land of Gilead for a possession.
However, if they will not pass over with you armed, they shall have possessions among you in the land of Canaan."
And the people of Gad and the people of Reuben answered, "What the LORD has said to your servants, we will do.
We will pass over armed before the LORD into the land of Canaan, and the possession of our inheritance shall remain with us beyond the Jordan."
And 29Moses gave to them, to the people of Gad and to the people of Reuben and to the half-tribe of Manasseh the son of Joseph, the kingdom of Sihon king of the Amorites and the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, the land and its cities with their territories, the cities of the land throughout the country.
And the people of Gad built 30Dibon, 31Ataroth, 32Aroer,
Atroth-shophan, 33Jazer, Jogbehah,
34Beth-nimrah and Beth-haran, 35fortified cities, and folds for sheep.
And the people of Reuben built 36Heshbon, 37Elealeh, Kiriathaim,
38Nebo, and 39Baal-meon (40their names were changed), and 41Sibmah. And they gave other names to the cities that they built.
And the sons of 42Machir the son of Manasseh went to Gilead and captured it, and dispossessed the Amorites who were in it.
And Moses 43gave Gilead to Machir the son of Manasseh, and he settled in it.
And 44Jair the son of Manasseh went and captured their villages, and called them Havvoth-jair.
And Nobah went and captured Kenath and its villages, and called it Nobah, after his own name.