Numbers 33

Listen to Numbers 33

Recounting Israel's Journey

1 These are the stages of the people of Israel, when they went out of the land of Egypt by their companies under the leadership of Moses and Aaron.
2 Moses wrote down their starting places, 1stage by stage, by command of the LORD, and these are their stages according to their starting places.
3 They 2set out from Rameses in 3the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month. On the day after the Passover, the people of Israel went out 4triumphantly in the sight of all the Egyptians,
4 while the Egyptians were burying all their firstborn, 5whom the LORD had struck down among them. 6On their gods also the LORD executed judgments.
5 So the people of Israel set out from Rameses and camped at 7Succoth.
6 And they set out from Succoth and camped at 8Etham, which is on the edge of the wilderness.
7 And they set out from Etham and turned back to 9Pi-hahiroth, which is east of Baal-zephon, and they camped before Migdol.
8 And they set out from before Hahiroth[a] and 10passed through the midst of the sea into the wilderness, and they 11went a three days' journey in the wilderness of Etham and camped at Marah.
9 And they set out from Marah and came to 12Elim; at Elim there were twelve springs of water and seventy palm trees, and they camped there.
10 And they set out from Elim and camped by the Red Sea.
11 And they set out from the Red Sea and camped in 13the wilderness of Sin.
12 And they set out from the wilderness of Sin and camped at Dophkah.
13 And they set out from Dophkah and camped at Alush.
14 And they set out from Alush and camped at 14Rephidim, where there was no water for the people to drink.
15 And they set out from Rephidim and camped in the 15wilderness of Sinai.
16 And they set out from the wilderness of Sinai and camped at 16Kibroth-hattaavah.
17 And they set out from Kibroth-hattaavah and camped at 17Hazeroth.
18 And they 18set out from Hazeroth and camped at Rithmah.
19 And they set out from Rithmah and camped at Rimmon-perez.
20 And they set out from Rimmon-perez and camped at Libnah.
21 And they set out from Libnah and camped at Rissah.
22 And they set out from Rissah and camped at Kehelathah.
23 And they set out from Kehelathah and camped at Mount Shepher.
24 And they set out from Mount Shepher and camped at Haradah.
25 And they set out from Haradah and camped at Makheloth.
26 And they set out from Makheloth and camped at Tahath.
27 And they set out from Tahath and camped at Terah.
28 And they set out from Terah and camped at Mithkah.
29 And they set out from Mithkah and camped at Hashmonah.
30 And they set out from Hashmonah and camped at Moseroth.
31 And they set out from Moseroth and camped at 19Bene-jaakan.
32 And they set out from Bene-jaakan and camped at 20Hor-haggidgad.
33 And they set out from Hor-haggidgad and camped at 21Jotbathah.
34 And they set out from Jotbathah and camped at Abronah.
35 And they set out from Abronah and camped at 22Ezion-geber.
36 And they set out from Ezion-geber and camped in the 23wilderness of Zin (that is, Kadesh).
37 And they set out from 24Kadesh and camped at 25Mount Hor, on the edge of the land of Edom.
38 And Aaron the priest went up 26Mount Hor at the command of the LORD and died there, in the fortieth year after the people of Israel had come out of the land of Egypt, on the first day of the fifth month.
39 And Aaron was 27 123 years old when he died on Mount Hor.
40 And 28the Canaanite, the king of Arad, who lived in the Negeb in the land of Canaan, heard of the coming of the people of Israel.
41 And they set out from Mount Hor and camped at Zalmonah.
42 And they set out from Zalmonah and camped at Punon.
43 And they set out from Punon and camped at 29Oboth.
44 And they set out from Oboth and camped at 30Iye-abarim, in the territory of Moab.
45 And they set out from Iyim and camped at 31Dibon-gad.
46 And they set out from Dibon-gad and camped at Almon-diblathaim.
47 And they set out from Almon-diblathaim 32and camped in the mountains of Abarim, before Nebo.
48 And they set out from the mountains of Abarim and camped in 33the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho;
49 they camped by the Jordan from Beth-jeshimoth as far as 34Abel-shittim in the plains of Moab.

Drive Out the Inhabitants

50 And the LORD spoke to Moses in the plains of Moab by the Jordan at Jericho, saying,
51 "Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, 35When you pass over the Jordan into the land of Canaan,
52 then 36you shall drive out 37all the inhabitants of the land from before you and destroy all their 38figured stones and destroy all their metal images and demolish all their high places.
53 And you shall take possession of the land and settle in it, for I have given the land to you to possess it.
54 39You shall inherit the land by lot according to your clans. 40To a large tribe you shall give a large inheritance, and to a small tribe you shall give a small inheritance. Wherever the lot falls for anyone, that shall be his. According to the tribes of your fathers you shall inherit.
55 But if you do not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you, then those of them whom you let remain shall be as 41barbs in your eyes and thorns in your sides, and they shall trouble you in the land where you dwell.
56 And I will do to you 42as I thought to do to them."

Numbers 33 Commentary

Chapter 33

Encampments of the Israelites. (1-49) The Canaanites to be destroyed. (50-56)

Verses 1-49 This is a brief review of the travels of the children of Israel through the wilderness. It is a memorable history. In their travels towards Canaan they were continually on the remove. Such is our state in this world; we have here no continuing city, and all our removes in this world are but from one part a desert to another. They were led to and fro, forward and backward, yet were all the while under the direction of the pillar of cloud and fire. God led them about, yet led them the right way. The way God takes in bringing his people to himself is always the best way, though it does not always seem to us the nearest way. Former events are mentioned. Thus we ought to keep in mind the providences of God concerning us and families, us and our land, and the many instances of that Divine care which has led us, and fed us, and kept us all our days hitherto. Few periods of our lives can be thought upon, without reminding us of the Lord's goodness, and our own ingratitude and disobedience: his kindness leaves us without excuse for our sins. We could not wish to travel over again the stages we have passed, unless we could hope, by the grace of God, to shun the sins we then committed, and to embrace such opportunities of doing good as we have let slip. Soon will our wanderings end, and our eternal state be fixed beyond recall; how important then is the present moment! Happy are those whom the Lord now guides with his counsel, and will at length receive to his glory. To this happiness the gospel calls us. Behold now is the accepted time, now is the day of salvation. Let sinners seize the opportunity, and flee for refuge to the hope set before them. Let us redeem our time, to glorify God and serve our generation; and he will carry us safely through all, to his eternal kingdom.

Verses 50-56 Now that they were to pass over Jordan, they were entering again into temptation to follow idols; and they are threatened that, if they spared either the idols or the idolaters, their sin would certainly be their punishment. They would foster vipers in their own bosoms. The remnant of the Canaanites, if they made any peace with them, though but for a time, would be pricks in their eyes, and thorns in their sides. We must expect trouble and affliction from whatever sin we indulge; that which we are willing should tempt us, will vex us. It was intended that the Canaanites should be put out of the land; but if the Israelites learned their wicked ways, they also would be put out. Let us hear this and fear. If we do not drive out sin, sin will drive us out. If we are not the death of our lusts, our lusts will be the death of our souls.

Cross References 42

  • 1. See Numbers 9:17-23
  • 2. Exodus 12:37
  • 3. Exodus 12:2; Exodus 13:4
  • 4. Exodus 14:8
  • 5. Exodus 12:29
  • 6. Exodus 12:12; [Isaiah 19:1]
  • 7. Exodus 12:37
  • 8. Exodus 13:20
  • 9. Exodus 14:2, 9
  • 10. Exodus 14:22
  • 11. Exodus 15:22, 23
  • 12. Exodus 15:27
  • 13. Exodus 16:1
  • 14. Exodus 17:1
  • 15. Exodus 19:1, 2
  • 16. Numbers 11:34
  • 17. Numbers 11:35; Numbers 12:16
  • 18. Numbers 12:16
  • 19. [Deuteronomy 10:6]
  • 20. Deuteronomy 10:7
  • 21. [See ver. 32 above]
  • 22. Deuteronomy 2:8; 1 Kings 9:26; 1 Kings 22:48; 2 Chronicles 8:17
  • 23. Numbers 20:1; Numbers 27:14
  • 24. Numbers 20:1, 14, 22
  • 25. Numbers 20:23; Numbers 21:4; Numbers 34:7, 8
  • 26. Numbers 20:25-28; Deuteronomy 32:50; [Deuteronomy 10:6]
  • 27. [Exodus 7:7]
  • 28. Numbers 21:1
  • 29. Numbers 21:10
  • 30. Numbers 21:11
  • 31. Numbers 21:30; [Numbers 32:34]
  • 32. Deuteronomy 32:49
  • 33. Numbers 22:1
  • 34. See Numbers 25:1
  • 35. Deuteronomy 9:1; [Joshua 3:17]
  • 36. Numbers 32:21
  • 37. Exodus 23:24, 33; Exodus 34:13; Deuteronomy 7:2, 5; Deuteronomy 12:3
  • 38. Leviticus 26:1
  • 39. Numbers 26:53, 55
  • 40. Numbers 26:54; Numbers 35:8
  • 41. Joshua 23:13; Judges 2:3; Psalms 106:34, 36
  • 42. [Deuteronomy 28:63]

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Some manuscripts and versions Pi-hahiroth

Chapter Summary


This chapter gives an account of the journeys of the people of Israel, from their first coming out of Egypt, to their arrival in the plains of Moab by Jordan, and the names of the various stations where they rested are given, Nu 33:1-49 and they are ordered, when they passed over Jordan, to drive out the Canaanites, destroy their idols, and divide the land among their families in their several tribes, Nu 33:50-54 or otherwise it is threatened the Canaanites should be troublesome and vexatious to them, even those that remained; and it might be expected God would do to the Israelites as he thought to do to those nations, Nu 33:55,56.

Numbers 33 Commentaries