Proverbs 19

Listen to Proverbs 19
1 1Better is a poor person who 2walks in his integrity than one who is crooked in speech and is a fool.
2 Desire[a] without knowledge is not good, and whoever 3makes haste with his feet misses his way.
3 When a man's folly 4brings his way to ruin, his heart 5rages against the LORD.
4 6Wealth brings many new friends, 7but a poor man is deserted by his friend.
5 8A false witness will not go unpunished, and he who 9breathes out lies will not escape.
6 Many seek the favor of a generous man,[b] and everyone is a friend to a man who gives 10gifts.
7 11All a poor man's brothers hate him; 12how much more do his friends go far from him! He pursues them with words, but does not have them.[c]
8 13Whoever gets sense loves his own soul; he who keeps understanding will 14discover good.
9 15A false witness will not go unpunished, and he who 16breathes out lies will perish.
10 17It is not fitting for a fool to live in luxury, much less for 18a slave to rule over princes.
11 19Good sense makes one slow to anger, and it is his glory to overlook an offense.
12 A king's wrath is like 20the growling of a lion, but his 21favor is like 22dew on the grass.
13 23A foolish son is ruin to his father, and 24a wife's quarreling is 25a continual dripping of rain.
14 26House and wealth are inherited from fathers, but a prudent wife is 27from the LORD.
15 28Slothfulness casts into 29a deep sleep, and 30an idle person will suffer hunger.
16 Whoever 31keeps the commandment keeps his life; he who despises his ways will die.
17 32Whoever is generous to the poor lends to the LORD, and he 33will repay him for his 34deed.
18 35Discipline your son, for there is hope; do not set your heart on 36putting him to death.
19 A man of great wrath will pay the penalty, for if you deliver him, you will only have to do it again.
20 Listen to advice and accept instruction, that you may gain wisdom in 37the future.
21 38Many are the plans in the mind of a man, but 39it is the purpose of the LORD 40 that will stand.
22 What is desired in a man is steadfast love, and a poor man is better than a liar.
23 The fear of the LORD 41leads to life, and whoever has it rests 42satisfied; he will 43not be visited by harm.
24 44The sluggard buries his hand in 45the dish and will not even bring it back to his mouth.
25 46Strike 47a scoffer, and the simple will 48learn prudence; 49reprove a man of understanding, and he will gain knowledge.
26 He who does violence to his father and chases away his mother is 50a son who brings shame and reproach.
27 Cease to hear instruction, my son, 51and you will stray from the words of knowledge.
28 A worthless witness mocks at justice, and the mouth of the wicked 52devours iniquity.
29 Condemnation is ready for 53scoffers, and 54beating for the backs of fools.

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Proverbs 19 Commentary

Chapter 19

Verse 1 A poor man who fears God, is more honourable and happy, than a man without wisdom and grace, however rich or advanced in rank. Verse 2 . What good can the soul do, if without knowledge? And he sins who will not take time to ponder the path of his feet. Verse 3 . Men run into troubles by their own folly, and then fret at the appointments of God. Verse 4 . Here we may see how strong is men's love of money. Verse 5 . Those that tell lies in discourse, are in a fair way to be guilty of bearing false-witness. Verse 6 . We are without excuse if we do not love God with all our hearts. His gifts to us are past number, and all the gifts of men to us are fruits of his bounty. Verse 7 . Christ was left by all his disciples; but the Father was with him. It encourages our faith that he had so large an experience of the sorrows of poverty. Verse 8 . Those only love their souls aright that get true wisdom. Verse 9 . Lying is a damning, destroying sin. Verse 10 . A man that has not wisdom and grace, has no right or title to true joy. It is very unseemly for one who is a servant to sin, to oppress God's free-men. Verse 11 . He attains the most true glory who endeavours most steadily to overcome evil with good. Verse 12 . Christ is a King, whose wrath against his enemies will be as the roaring of a lion, and his favour to his people as the refreshing dew. Verse 13 . It shows the vanity of the world, that we are liable to the greatest griefs where we promise ourselves the greatest comfort. Verse 14 . A discreet and virtuous wife is more valuable than house and riches. Verse 15 . A sluggish, slothful disposition makes men poor; it brings them to want. And this applies both to the present life and that which is to come. Verse 16 . If we keep God's word, God's word will keep us from every thing really hurtful. We abuse the doctrine of free grace, if we think that it does away the necessity and advantage of obedience. Those that live at random must die. This truth is clearly taught in words enough to alarm the stoutest sinner. Verse 17 . God has chosen the poor of this world, to be rich in faith, and heirs of his kingdom. Verse 18 . When parents keep under foolish tenderness, they do their best to render children a comfort to them, and happy in themselves. Verse 19 . The spared and spoiled child is likely to become a man of great wrath. Verse 20 . Those that would be wise in their latter end, must be taught and ruled when young. Verse 21 . What should we desire, but that all our purposes may agree with God's holy will? Verse 22 . It is far better to have a heart to do good, and want ability for it, than to have ability for it, and want a heart to it. Verse 23 . Those that live in the fear of God, shall get safety, satisfaction, and true and complete happiness. Verse 24 . Indolence, when indulged, so grows upon people, that they have no heart to do the most needful things for themselves. Verse 25 . A gentle rebuke goes farthest with a man of understanding. Verse 26 . The young man who wastes his father's substance, or makes his aged mother destitute, is hateful, and will come to disgrace. Verse 27 . It is the wisdom of young men to dread hearing such talk as puts loose and evil principles into the mind. Verse 28 . Those are the worst of sinners, who are glad of an opportunity to sin. Verse 29 . The unbelief of man shall not make God's threatenings of no effect. Christ himself, when bearing sins not his own, was not spared. Justice and judgment took hold of our blessed Surety; and will God spare obstinate sinners?

Cross References 54

  • 1. Proverbs 28:6
  • 2. Proverbs 14:2; Proverbs 20:7; Psalms 26:1, 11
  • 3. [Proverbs 21:5; Proverbs 28:20; Proverbs 29:20]
  • 4. [Proverbs 11:3]
  • 5. [Psalms 37:7; Isaiah 8:21; Revelation 16:11]
  • 6. Proverbs 14:20
  • 7. Proverbs 14:20
  • 8. [Proverbs 12:19; Proverbs 21:28]; See Deuteronomy 19:16-19
  • 9. See Proverbs 6:19
  • 10. See Proverbs 17:8
  • 11. [ver. 4]
  • 12. [Psalms 38:11]
  • 13. [Proverbs 15:32]
  • 14. Proverbs 16:20
  • 15. [See ver. 5 above]
  • 16. [See ver. 5 above]
  • 17. [Proverbs 17:7; Proverbs 26:1]
  • 18. Proverbs 30:22; Ecclesiastes 10:6, 7
  • 19. See Proverbs 14:29
  • 20. Proverbs 20:2; [Proverbs 16:14, 15; Proverbs 28:15]
  • 21. Proverbs 14:35
  • 22. Psalms 133:3; Hosea 14:5; Micah 5:7
  • 23. Proverbs 10:1; Proverbs 17:21
  • 24. See Proverbs 21:9
  • 25. Proverbs 27:15
  • 26. [2 Corinthians 12:14]
  • 27. Proverbs 18:22
  • 28. See Proverbs 6:9-11
  • 29. Job 4:13
  • 30. [Proverbs 10:4; Proverbs 20:4, 13; Proverbs 23:21]
  • 31. [Proverbs 13:13; Luke 10:28]
  • 32. [Proverbs 22:9; Proverbs 28:27; Ecclesiastes 11:1; Matthew 10:42; Hebrews 6:10]; See Deuteronomy 15:7-10; Matthew 25:40; 2 Corinthians 9:6-8
  • 33. [Luke 6:38]
  • 34. See Proverbs 12:14
  • 35. See Proverbs 13:24
  • 36. [Proverbs 23:13]; See Deuteronomy 21:18-21
  • 37. Psalms 37:37
  • 38. Psalms 33:10, 11
  • 39. Job 23:13; Isaiah 14:26, 27
  • 40. Isaiah 46:10
  • 41. Proverbs 10:16; Proverbs 11:19; [Isaiah 38:5; Mark 10:30]
  • 42. [Psalms 25:13]
  • 43. [Leviticus 26:6]
  • 44. Proverbs 26:15; [Proverbs 15:19; Proverbs 20:4]
  • 45. [Matthew 26:23; Mark 14:20]
  • 46. Proverbs 21:11
  • 47. See Psalms 1:1
  • 48. See Deuteronomy 13:6-11
  • 49. [Proverbs 9:8]
  • 50. Proverbs 10:5; Proverbs 17:2
  • 51. [2 Peter 2:21]
  • 52. Job 15:16; [Proverbs 18:8; Job 34:7]
  • 53. [See ver. 25 above]
  • 54. Proverbs 10:13; Proverbs 18:6; Proverbs 26:3

Footnotes 3

Chapter Summary


This chapter gives an account of the introduction of the ark into the temple, 1Ki 8:1-9 of the glory of the Lord filling it, 1Ki 8:10,11 of a speech Solomon made to the people concerning the building of the temple, and how he came to be engaged in it, 1Ki 8:12-21, of a prayer of his he put up on this occasion, requesting, that what supplications soever were made at any time, or on any account, by Israelites or strangers, might be accepted by the Lord, 1Ki 8:22-53, and of his blessing the people of Israel at the close of it, with some useful exhortations, 1Ki 8:54-61, and of the great number of sacrifices offered up by him, and the feast he made for the people, upon which he dismissed them, 1Ki 8:62-66.

Proverbs 19 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.