Proverbs 2

Listen to Proverbs 2

The Value of Wisdom

1 1My son, 2if you receive my words and treasure up my commandments with you,
2 making your ear attentive to wisdom and inclining your heart to understanding;
3 yes, if you call out for insight and raise your voice 3for understanding,
4 if you seek it like 4silver and search for it as for 5hidden treasures,
5 then 6you will understand the fear of the LORD and find the knowledge of God.
6 For 7the LORD gives wisdom; from his mouth come knowledge and understanding;
7 he stores up sound wisdom for the upright; he is 8a shield to those who 9walk in integrity,
8 guarding the paths of justice and 10watching over the way of his 11saints.
9 12Then you will understand 13righteousness and justice and equity, every good path;
10 for wisdom will come into your heart, and knowledge will be pleasant to your soul;
11 14discretion will 15watch over you, understanding will guard you,
12 delivering you from the way of evil, from men of perverted speech,
13 who forsake the paths of uprightness to 16walk in the ways of darkness,
14 who 17rejoice in doing evil and 18delight in the perverseness of evil,
15 men whose 19paths are crooked, 20and who are 21devious in their ways.
16 So 22you will be delivered from the forbidden[a] woman, from 23the adulteress[b] with 24her smooth words,
17 who forsakes 25the companion of her youth and forgets 26the covenant of her God;
18 27for her house sinks down to death, and her paths to the departed;[c]
19 none who go to her come back, nor do they regain the paths of life.
20 So you will walk in the way of the good and keep to the paths of the righteous.
21 For the upright 28will inhabit the land, and those with integrity will remain in it,
22 but the wicked will be 29cut off from the land, and the treacherous will be 30rooted out of it.

Proverbs 2 Commentary

Chapter 2

Promises to those who seek wisdom. (1-9) The advantages of wisdom. (10-22)

Verses 1-9 Those who earnestly seek heavenly wisdom, will never complain that they have lost their labour; and the freeness of the gift does not do away the necessity of our diligence, Joh. 6:27 . Let them seek, and they shall find it; let them ask, and it shall be given them. Observe who are thus favoured. They are the righteous, on whom the image of God is renewed, which consists in righteousness. If we depend upon God, and seek to him for wisdom, he will enable us to keep the paths of judgment.

Verses 10-22 If we are truly wise, we shall be careful to avoid all evil company and evil practices. When wisdom has dominion over us, then it not only fills the head, but enters into the heart, and will preserve, both against corruptions within and temptations without. The ways of sin are ways of darkness, uncomfortable and unsafe: what fools are those who leave the plain, pleasant, lightsome paths of uprightness, to walk in such ways! They take pleasure in sin; both in committing it, and in seeing others commit it. Every wise man will shun such company. True wisdom will also preserve from those who lead to fleshly lusts, which defile the body, that living temple, and war against the soul. These are evils which excite the sorrow of every serious mind, and cause every reflecting parent to look upon his children with anxiety, lest they should be entangled in such fatal snares. Let the sufferings of others be our warnings. Our Lord Jesus deters from sinful pleasures, by the everlasting torments which follow them. It is very rare that any who are caught in this snare of the devil, recover themselves; so much is the heart hardened, and the mind blinded, by the deceitfulness of this sin. Many think that this caution, besides the literal sense, is to be understood as a caution against idolatry, and subjecting the soul to the body, by seeking any forbidden object. The righteous must leave the earth as well as the wicked; but the earth is a very different thing to them. To the wicked it is all the heaven they ever shall have; to the righteous it is the place of preparation for heaven. And is it all one to us, whether we share with the wicked in the miseries of their latter end, or share those everlasting joys that shall crown believers?

Cross References 30

  • 1. See Proverbs 1:8
  • 2. [Proverbs 4:1, 10, 20; Proverbs 7:1]
  • 3. Proverbs 4:1, 5, 7
  • 4. Proverbs 3:14
  • 5. Job 3:21; [Matthew 13:44]
  • 6. [Psalms 25:14; John 7:17; John 14:21]
  • 7. Job 32:8
  • 8. Proverbs 30:5; See Psalms 3:3
  • 9. Psalms 84:11
  • 10. 1 Samuel 2:9; Psalms 66:9; Psalms 97:10
  • 11. See Psalms 30:4
  • 12. [ver. 5]
  • 13. Proverbs 1:3
  • 14. Proverbs 1:4
  • 15. Proverbs 6:22
  • 16. Psalms 82:5; [John 3:19, 20]
  • 17. Jeremiah 11:15; [Proverbs 10:23]
  • 18. [Psalms 50:18; Romans 1:32]
  • 19. Psalms 125:5; [Proverbs 21:8]
  • 20. Proverbs 14:2
  • 21. Proverbs 3:32
  • 22. Proverbs 7:5
  • 23. Proverbs 6:24; Proverbs 23:27
  • 24. Proverbs 6:24; Psalms 5:9
  • 25. Jeremiah 3:4; [Psalms 55:13]
  • 26. [Malachi 2:14, 15]
  • 27. Proverbs 7:27
  • 28. Proverbs 10:30
  • 29. See Psalms 37:38
  • 30. Proverbs 15:25; Deuteronomy 28:63; Psalms 52:5

Footnotes 3

Chapter Summary


This chapter directs to the means of attaining to the knowledge of divine things, and shows the profit and advantage arising from thence. The means are, embracing the doctrines of the Gospel, and retaining in memory and affection the ordinances of it, Pr 2:1; and an inclination of the ear and an application of the heart to the knowledge of these things, Pr 2:2. An earnest and importunate desire, expressed by prayer, after the same, Pr 2:3; and a diligent and unwearied search for them, as for silver and hid treasure, Pr 2:4. The advantages are, that such shall attain to the fear and knowledge of God; which may be concluded from these being the gift of God to his people, and from their being laid up for them, whom he carefully keeps and preserves, Pr 2:5-8; and not only so, but such learn to do that which is just and right among men, Pr 2:9. And, besides, such is the nature of divine wisdom, that, when it has once got a place in the heart and in the affections, it will be a means of preserving both from the ways of evil men, Pr 2:10-12; who are described, Pr 2:13-15. And from the evil woman, whose character is given, Pr 2:16,17; whose vicious course of life, and the ways she leads persons into, are represented as very dangerous, Pr 2:18,19. And, on the contrary, such is the usefulness of true wisdom, that it leads into the way of good men, who will be happy and safe, when the wicked shall be destroyed, Pr 2:20-22.

Proverbs 2 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.