Proverbs 4

Listen to Proverbs 4

A Father's Wise Instruction

1 1Hear, O sons, a father's instruction, and be attentive, that you may 2gain[a] insight,
2 for I give you good 3precepts; do not forsake my teaching.
3 When I was a son with my father, 4tender, 5the only one in the sight of my mother,
4 he 6taught me and said to me, 7"Let your heart hold fast my words; 8keep my commandments, and live.
5 9Get wisdom; get 10insight; do not forget, and do not turn away from the words of my mouth.
6 Do not forsake her, and she will keep you; 11love her, and she will guard you.
7 12The beginning of wisdom is this: Get wisdom, and whatever you get, get 13insight.
8 Prize her highly, and she will exalt you; she will 14honor you 15if you embrace her.
9 She will place on your head 16a graceful garland; she will bestow on you a beautiful crown."
10 17Hear, 18my son, and accept my words, that 19the years of your life may be many.
11 I have 20taught you the way of wisdom; I have led you in the paths of uprightness.
12 When you walk, 21your step will not be hampered, and 22if you run, you will not stumble.
13 23Keep hold of instruction; do not let go; guard her, for she is your 24life.
14 25Do not enter the path of the wicked, and do not walk in the way of the evil.
15 Avoid it; do not go on it; turn away from it and pass on.
16 For they 26cannot sleep unless they have done wrong; they are robbed of sleep unless they have made someone stumble.
17 For they eat the bread of wickedness 27and drink the wine of violence.
18 But 28the path of the righteous is like 29the light of dawn, which shines 30brighter and brighter until 31full day.
19 32The way of the wicked is like deep 33darkness; they do not know over what they 34stumble.
20 35My son, be attentive to my words; incline your ear to my sayings.
21 36Let them not escape from your sight; 37keep them within your heart.
22 For they are 38life to those who find them, and healing to all their[b] flesh.
23 Keep your heart with all vigilance, for 39from it flow 40the springs of life.
24 Put away from you 41crooked speech, and put 42devious talk far from you.
25 43Let your eyes look directly forward, and your gaze be straight before you.
26 44Ponder[c] the path of your feet; 45then all your ways will be sure.
27 46Do not swerve to the right or to the left; turn your foot away from evil.

Proverbs 4 Commentary

Chapter 4

Exhortation to the study of wisdom. (1-13) Cautions against bad company, Exhortation to faith and holiness. (14-27)

Verses 1-13 We must look upon our teachers as our fathers: though instruction carry in it reproof and correction, bid it welcome. Solomon's parents loved him, therefore taught him. Wise and godly men, in every age of the world, and rank in society, agree that true wisdom consists in obedience, and is united to happiness. Get wisdom, take pains for it. Get the rule over thy corruptions; take more pains to get this than the wealth of this world. An interest in Christ's salvation is necessary. This wisdom is the one thing needful. A soul without true wisdom and grace is a dead soul. How poor, contemptible, and wretched are those, who, with all their wealth and power, die without getting understanding, without Christ, without hope, and without God! Let us give heed to the sayings of Him who has the words of eternal life. Thus our path will be plain before us: by taking, and keeping fast hold of instruction, we shall avoid being straitened or stumbling.

Verses 14-27 The way of evil men may seem pleasant, and the nearest way to compass some end; but it is an evil way, and will end ill; if thou love thy God and thy soul, avoid it. It is not said, Keep at a due distance, but at a great distance; never think you can get far enough from it. The way of the righteous is light; Christ is their Way, and he is the Light. The saints will not be perfect till they reach heaven, but there they shall shine as the sun in his strength. The way of sin is as darkness. The way of the wicked is dark, therefore dangerous; they fall into sin, but know not how to avoid it. They fall into trouble, but never seek to know wherefore God contends with them, nor what will be in the end of it. This is the way we are bid to shun. Attentive hearing the word of God, is a good sign of a work of grace begun in the heart, and a good means of carrying it on. There is in the word of God a proper remedy for all diseases of the soul. Keep thy heart with all diligence. We must set a strict guard upon our souls; keep our hearts from doing hurt, and getting hurt. A good reason is given; because out of it are the issues of life. Above all, we should seek from the Lord Jesus that living water, the sanctifying Spirit, issuing forth unto everlasting life. Thus we shall be enabled to put away a froward mouth and perverse lips; our eyes will be turned from beholding vanity, looking straight forward, and walking by the rule of God's word, treading in the steps of our Lord and Master. Lord, forgive the past, and enable us to follow thee more closely for the time to come.

Cross References 46

  • 1. Proverbs 1:8; [Proverbs 5:7; Proverbs 7:24; Proverbs 8:33; Psalms 34:11]
  • 2. Proverbs 2:2
  • 3. Job 11:4
  • 4. See 1 Chronicles 22:5
  • 5. Zechariah 12:10
  • 6. 1 Chronicles 28:9; [Ephesians 6:4]
  • 7. [Proverbs 3:1]
  • 8. Proverbs 7:2; Leviticus 18:5; Isaiah 55:3
  • 9. Proverbs 2:2
  • 10. [See ver. 1 above]
  • 11. [2 Thessalonians 2:10]
  • 12. [Proverbs 1:7]
  • 13. [See ver. 1 above]
  • 14. 1 Samuel 2:30
  • 15. [Song of Songs 2:6]
  • 16. Proverbs 1:9
  • 17. [See ver. 1 above]
  • 18. Proverbs 2:1
  • 19. See Proverbs 3:2
  • 20. See 1 Samuel 12:23
  • 21. [Job 18:7; Psalms 18:36; Psalms 119:45]
  • 22. Proverbs 3:23
  • 23. Proverbs 3:18
  • 24. ver. 22; [John 1:4; 1 John 5:12]
  • 25. Proverbs 1:15; Psalms 1:1
  • 26. [Psalms 36:4]
  • 27. [Amos 2:8]
  • 28. Job 11:17; Job 22:28; Isaiah 60:3; Isaiah 62:1, 2; Daniel 12:3
  • 29. 2 Samuel 23:4; See Psalms 97:11
  • 30. [Psalms 84:7]
  • 31. [1 John 3:2]
  • 32. 1 Samuel 2:9; Isaiah 59:9, 10; Jeremiah 23:12; John 12:35; [Job 18:5]
  • 33. [Matthew 6:23]
  • 34. [John 11:10; 1 John 2:10]
  • 35. ver. 10
  • 36. Proverbs 3:21
  • 37. [Proverbs 2:1]
  • 38. ver. 13; Proverbs 8:35; Proverbs 21:21; Deuteronomy 32:47; [1 Timothy 4:8]
  • 39. [Matthew 12:35]
  • 40. [Psalms 16:11]
  • 41. Proverbs 6:12
  • 42. Proverbs 2:15
  • 43. [Hebrews 12:2]
  • 44. Proverbs 5:6, 21; [Hebrews 12:13]
  • 45. [Psalms 119:5]
  • 46. Deuteronomy 5:32; Deuteronomy 28:14; Joshua 1:7; 1 Kings 15:5

Footnotes 3

Chapter Summary


In this chapter Solomon advises to seek after wisdom, to avoid bad company, and to continue in the right paths of goodness and truth: he excites attention to what he had to say, from the relation he stood in to the persons addressed; from the nature of his instructions, which were good and profitable; and from his own example, in attending to those his parents gave him, Pr 4:1-4; He exhorts above all things to get wisdom, from the superior excellency of it, and from the preservation, promotion, and honour, to be had by it, Pr 4:5-9; and he further enforces big exhortations, from their being the means of a comfortable life, and of the prolongation of it, and of leading in a right way without straitness or stumbling, Pr 4:10-13. And then proceeds to caution against bad company, and going into a bad way of life; which is enforced from the mischief done by those that walk in it, and from the darkness of it, to which the path of the just is opposed, Pr 4:14-19. And the exhortation to attend to and observe his instructions, and keep them, is repeated, from the consideration of their being life and health to them, Pr 4:20-22; and that they might be preserved, and not departed from, direction's are given about ordering the heart, mouth, lips, eyes, and feet, Pr 4:23-27.

Proverbs 4 Commentaries